Arthropod-Plant Interactions

, Volume 7, Issue 6, pp 651–658 | Cite as

Flight responses of Sitotroga cerealella (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae) to corn kernel volatiles in a wind tunnel

  • Hany Ahmed Fouad
  • Lêda Rita D’Antonino Faroni
  • Evaldo Ferreira Vilela
  • Eraldo Rodrigues de Lima
Review Paper

Abstract

The flight behavioral responses of males and females of Sitotroga cerealella (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae) to corn kernel volatiles, in a wind tunnel, and the determination and identification of the active compounds of corn kernel volatiles were investigated. A wind tunnel bioassay was carried out to test the response of males and females to 15, 30, 60, and 120 g equivalents of corn kernel volatiles. Gas chromatography-electroantennography was used to determine which components in corn kernel volatiles elicited an EAD response using male and female antennae. Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry technique was used to identify the active compounds of corn kernel volatiles. A 60-g equivalent of corn kernel volatiles elicited attractant behavior of unmated males to landing near the source. Mated males and virgin females were not attracted to corn kernel volatiles. The number of mated females landing was significantly higher in 60- and 120-g equivalents of corn kernel volatiles, compared to the other concentrations and the control. The antennae of males and females responded to four active compounds of corn kernel volatiles. Three of these compounds were identified, namely nonanal, decanal, and geranyl acetone. It is suggested that host finding and selection by S. cerealella is associated with its host volatiles.

Keywords

Angoumois grain moth Wind tunnel Flight behavior Host plant volatiles Stored-product insects 

References

  1. Adams RP (2007) Identification of essential oil components by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry, 4th edn. Allured Publishing Corporation, Carol Stream 803 pGoogle Scholar
  2. Ahmed S, Raza A (2010) Antibiosis of physical characteristics of maize grains to Sitotroga cerealella (Oliv.) (Gelechiidae: Lepidoptera) in free choice test. Pak J Life Soc Sci 8:142–147Google Scholar
  3. Arab A, Bento JMS (2006) Plant volatiles: new perspectives for research in Brazil. Neotrop Entomol 35:151–158CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Arab A, Trigo JR, Lourenção AL, Peixoto AM, Ramos F, Bento JMS (2007) Differential attractiveness of potato tuber volatiles to Phthorimaea operculella (Gelechiidae) and the predator Orius insidiosus (Anthocoridae). J Chem Ecol 3:1845–1855CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Bashir T, Birkinshaw LA, Hall DR, Hodges RJ (2001) Host odours enhance the responses of adult Rhyzopertha dominica to male-produced aggregation pheromone. Entomol Exp Appl 101:273–280CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Bengtsson M, Backman AC, Liblikas I, Ramirez MI, Borg-Karlson AK, Ansebo L, Anderson P, Lofqvist J, Witzgall P (2001) Plant odor analysis of apple: antennal response of codling moth females to apple volatiles during phenological development. J Agric Food Chem 49:3736–3741CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. Bernays EA, Chapman RF (1994) Host-plant selection by phytophagous insects. Chapman & Hall, Inc., USA, p 97Google Scholar
  8. Blomquist GJ, Vogt RG (2003) Insect pheromone biochemistry and molecular biology. Elsevier, London, p 745Google Scholar
  9. Bruce TJA, Wadhams LJ, Woodcock CM (2005) Insect host location: a volatile situation. Trends Plant Sci 10:69–274CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Buttery RG, Ling LC, Chan BG (1978) Volatiles of corn kernels and husks: possible corn ear worm attractants. J Agric Food Chem 26:866–869CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Carlsson MA, Hansson BS (2003) Plasticity and coding mechanisms in the insect antennal lobe. In: Blomquist GJ, Vogt RG (eds) Insect pheromone biochemistry and molecular biology. Elsevier, Amsterdam, pp 699–728CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Clyne PJ, Warr CG, Freeman MR, Lessing D, Kim J, Carlson JR (1999) A novel family of divergent seven transmembrane proteins: candidate odorant receptors in Drosophila. Neuron 22:327–338CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. Cônsoli FL, Filho BFA (1995) Biology of Sitotroga cerealella (Oliv.) (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae) reared on five corn (maize) genotypes. J Stored Prod Res 31:139–143CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Coracini M, Bengtsson M, Liblikas I, Witzgall P (2004) Attraction of codling moth males to apple volatiles. Entomol Exp Appl 110:1–10CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Cox PD (2004) Potential for using semiochemicals to protect stored products from insect infestation. J Stored Prod Res 40:1–25CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Dong HC, Satoshi N, Stephen PH, Aijun Z, Charles ELJ, Wendell LR, Gregory ML (2008) Identification and field evaluation of grape shoot volatiles attractive to female grape berry moth (Paralobesia viteana). J Chem Ecol 34:1180–1189CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. El-Sayed A, Godde J, Arn H (1999) Sprayer for quantitative application of odor stimuli. Environ Entomol 28:947–953Google Scholar
  18. Gianfranco A, Marco T, Antonio D, Claudio I, Andrea L (2009) Synthetic grape volatiles attract mated Lobesia botrana females in laboratory and field bioassays. J Chem Ecol 35:1054–1062CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Gothilf S, Shaaya E, Levski S (1993) Effect of sex, age and mating on attraction of Cadra cautella (walker) (Lep., Phycitidae) to stored food. J Appl Entomol 116:139–144CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Hamacher LS, Faroni LRD’A, Guedes RNC, Queiróz MELR (2002) Persistence and activity towards Sitophilus zeamais (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) of pirimiphos-methyl sprayed at different temperatures on maize. J Stored Prod Res 38:167–175CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Hern A, Dorn S (1999) Sexual dimorphism in the olfactory orientation of adult Cydia pomonella in response to α-farnesene. Entomol Exp Appl 92:63–72CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Hibbard BE, Randolph TL, Bernklau EJ, Bjostad LB (1997) Electroantennogram-active components in buffalo gourd root powder for western corn rootworm adults (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae). Environ Entomol 26:1136–1142Google Scholar
  23. Hoballah MEF, Tamo C, Turlings TCJ (2002) Differential attractiveness of induced odors emitted by eight maize varieties for the parasitoid Cotesia marginiventris: is quality or quantity important? J Chem Ecol 28:951–968CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  24. Landolt PJ, Phillips TW (1997) Host plant influences on sex pheromone behavior of phytophagous insects. Ann Rev Entomol 42:371–391CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Masante-Roca I, Anton S, Delbac L, Dufour M, Gadenne C (2007) Attraction of the grapevine moth to host and non-host plant parts in the wind tunnel: effects of plant phenology, sex, and mating status. Entomol Exp Appl 122:239–245CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Mechaber WL, Capaldo CT, Hildebrand JG (2002) Behavioral responses of adult female tobacco hornworms, Manduca sexta, to hostplant volatiles change with age and mating status. J Insect Sci 2:1–8Google Scholar
  27. McNeil JN, Delisle J (1989) Are host plants important in pheromone-mediated mating systems of Lepidoptera? Experientia 45:236–240CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Nansen C, Phillips TW (2003) Ovipositional responses of the Indianmeal moth, Plodia interpunctella (Hübner) (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) to oils. Ann Entomol Soc Am 96:524–531CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Olsson C, Anderbrant O, Löfstedt C, Borg-Karlson A, Liblikas I (2005) Electrophysiological and behavioral responses to chocolate volatiles in both sexes of the pyralid moths Ephestia cautella and Plodia interpunctella. J Chem Ecol 31:2947–2961CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  30. Pimentel MAG, Faroni LRD, Tótola MR, Guedes RNC (2007) Phosphine resistance, respiration rate and fitness consequences in stored-product insects. Pest Manag Sci 63:876–881CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  31. Proffit M, Birgersson G, Bengtsson M, Reis Jr R, Witzgall P, Lima E (2011) Attraction and oviposition of Tuta absoluta females in response to tomato leaf volatiles. J Chem Ecol 37:565–574CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  32. Raguso R, Light D, Pichersky E (1996) Electroantennogram responses of Hyles lineata (Sphingidae:Lepidoptera) to volatile compounds from Clarkia breweri (Oragraceae) and other moth pollinated flowers. J Chem Ecol 22:1735–1766CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  33. Ramachandran R, Khan ZR, Caballero P, Juliano BO (1990) Olfactory sensitivity of two sympatric species of rice leaf folders (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) to plant volatiles. J Chem Ecol 16:2647–2666CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. R Development Core Team (2010) R: a language and environment for statistical computing. R Foundation for Statistical Computing Vienna, Austria. http://www.R-project.org
  35. Renwick JAA, Chew FS (1994) Oviposition behavior in Lepidoptera. Ann Rev Entomol 39:377–400CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Rubin GM, Yandell MD, Wortman JR, Gabor Miklos GL, Nelson CR, Hariharan IK et al (2000) Comparative genomics of the Eukaryotes. Science 287:2204–2215CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  37. Saber M, Hejazi MJ, Hassan SA (2004) Effects of azadirachtin/neemazal on different stages and adult life table parameters of Trichogramma cacoeciae (Hymenoptera: Trichogrammatidae). J Econ Entomol 97:905–910CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  38. Schiestl FP (2010) The evolution of floral scent and insect chemical communication. Ecol Lett 13:643–656CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  39. Schoonhoven LM, Van Loon JJA, Dicke M (2005) Insect-plant biology. Oxford University Press, New York, pp 152–158Google Scholar
  40. Solé J, Sans A, Riba M, Guerrero A (2010) Behavioural and electrophysiological responses of the European corn borer Ostrinia nubilalis to host-plant volatiles and related chemicals. Physiol Entomol 35:354–363CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Stubbs MR, Chambers J, Schofield SB, Wilkins JPG (1985) Attractancy to Oryzaephilus surinamensis of volatile materials isolated from vacuum distillate of heat-treated carobs. J Chem Ecol 5:565–581CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Sun X, Wang G, Gao Y, Chen Z (2012) Screening and field evaluation of synthetic volatile blends attractive to adults of the tea weevil, Myllocerinus aurolineatus. Chemoecology 22:229–237CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Tasin M, Bäckman A, Bengtsson M, Varela N, Ioriatti C, Witzgall P (2006) Wind tunnel attraction of grapevine moth females, Lobesia botrana, to natural and artificial grape odour. Chemoecology 16:87–92CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Ukeh DA, Birkett MA, Bruce TJ, Allan EJ, Pickett JA, Luntz AJ (2010) Behavioural responses of the maize weevil, Sitophilus zeamais, to host (stored-grain) and non-host plant volatiles. Pest Manag Sci 66:44–50CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  45. Vick KW, Su HCF, Sower LL, Mahany PG, Drummond PC (1974) (Z, E)-7,11-hexadecadien-1-ol acetate: the sex pheromone of the angoumois grain moth, Sitotroga cerealella. Experientia 30:17–19CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Vosshall LB, Amrein H, Morozov PS, Rzhetsky A, Axel R (1999) A spatial map of olfactory receptor expression in the Drosophila antenna. Cell 96:725–736CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  47. Weston PA, Rattlingourd PL (1999) Ovipositional stimuli of Angoumois grain moth (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae), a primary pest of stored grains. J Entomol Sci 34:445–451Google Scholar
  48. Wiesenborn WD, Baker TC (1990) Upwind flight to cotton flowers Pectinophora gossypiella (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae). Environ Entomol 19:490–493Google Scholar
  49. White PR, Chambers J, Walter CM, Wilkins JPG, Millar JG (1989) Saw-toothed grain beetle Oryzaephilus surinamensis (L.) (Coleoptera, Silvanidae)-collection, identification, and bioassay of attractive volatiles from beetles and oats. J Chem Ecol 15:999–1013CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Yan F, Bengtsson M, Witzgall P (1999) Behavioral response of female codling moths, Cydia pomonella, to apple volatiles. J Chem Ecol 25:13431351CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Zhang AJ, Linn C, Wright S, Prokopy R, Reissig W, Roelofs W (1999) Identification of a new blend of apple volatiles attractive to the apple maggot, Rhagoletis pomonella. J Chem Ecol 25:1221–1232CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hany Ahmed Fouad
    • 3
  • Lêda Rita D’Antonino Faroni
    • 2
  • Evaldo Ferreira Vilela
    • 1
  • Eraldo Rodrigues de Lima
    • 1
  1. 1.Departamento de EntomologiaUniversidade Federal de ViçosaViçosaBrazil
  2. 2.Departamento de Engenharia AgrícolaUniversidade Federal de ViçosaViçosaBrazil
  3. 3.Plant Protection Department, Faculty of AgricultureSohag UniversitySohagEgypt

Personalised recommendations