Arthropod-Plant Interactions

, Volume 1, Issue 3, pp 147–158

Morphology and development of floral features recognised by pollinators

Review Paper

DOI: 10.1007/s11829-007-9014-3

Cite this article as:
Whitney, H.M. & Glover, B.J. Arthropod-Plant Interactions (2007) 1: 147. doi:10.1007/s11829-007-9014-3


The diversity of angiosperm flowers is astounding. The conventional explanation for this diversity is that it represents the great variety of ways in which flowers have adapted to attract an even greater diversity of animal pollinators. Many animal behaviourists are therefore interested in how changes in floral morphology affect pollinator behaviour. The establishment of well-characterised model plant species has greatly furthered our understanding of how floral morphology is generated and varied. Many of these model species are pollinated by animals and attract their pollinators through the production of colour, shape, scent, size and rewards. An understanding of the developmental plasticity of floral morphology, and the constraints upon it, should inform research into animal responses to flowers. The use of genetically characterised model species, and the isogenic and near-isogenic lines available in them, will allow dissection of the different components of floral attraction and reward in natural systems.


Angiosperm Floral reward Flower colour Flower development Flower scent Flower shape Flower size Flower symmetry Pollination Pollinator 

Supplementary material

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Plant SciencesUniversity of CambridgeCambridgeUK

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