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Obstructive sleep apnea and atherosclerosis—update 2019

  • Leonie BienerEmail author
  • Carmen Pizarro
  • Georg Nickenig
  • Dirk Skowasch
Reviews
  • 10 Downloads

Abstract

Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a common disorder that has been associated with an increased risk of atherosclerosis and its clinical manifestations. While treatment with continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) has been shown to exert several beneficial effects on cardiovascular disease and prognosis in observational studies, CPAP was not effective in three recent randomized controlled trials unless it was used for more than 4 hours of sleep.

Keywords

Continuous positive airway pressure Cardiovascular diseases Hypertension Coronary artery disease Risk factors 

Obstruktive Schlafapnoe und Arteriosklerose – Update 2019

Zusammenfassung

Die obstruktive Schlafapnoe (OSA) stellt eine häufige Erkrankung dar, die mit einem erhöhten Risiko für Arteriosklerose und deren klinischen Manifestationen in Zusammenhang gebracht wird. In Beobachtungsstudien wurden zwar für die Behandlung mit kontinuierlichem positivem Atemwegsdruck („continuous positive airway pressure“, CPAP) verschiedene günstige Auswirkungen auf Herz-Kreislauf-Erkrankungen und deren Prognose nachgewiesen, in drei aktuellen randomisierten kontrollierten Studien stellte sich die CPAP-Therapie jedoch nicht als wirksam heraus, wenn sie nicht mindestens vier Stunden lang während des Schlafs eingesetzt wurde.

Schlüsselwörter

Kontinuierlicher positiver Atemwegsdruck Kardiovaskuläre Erkrankungen Hypertonie Koronare Herzkrankheit Risikofaktoren 

Notes

Compliance with ethical guidelines

Conflict of interest

L. Biener, C. Pizarro, G. Nickenig, and D. Skowasch declare that they have no competing interests.

This article does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by any of the authors.

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Copyright information

© Springer Medizin Verlag GmbH, ein Teil von Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Internal Medicine II—Cardiology/PneumologyUniversity of BonnBonnGermany

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