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Plant Biotechnology Reports

, Volume 13, Issue 5, pp 459–472 | Cite as

Current status, challenges, and future prospects of plant genome editing in China

  • Sulaiman Ahmed
  • Yandi Zhang
  • Muhammad Abdullah
  • Qiuxiang Ma
  • Hongxia Wang
  • Peng ZhangEmail author
Review

Abstract

Genome editing (GE) is the most powerful tool for creating genetic variation in plants. This approach is valuable for studying the mechanism of gene function and regulation as well as to improve desirable traits using sequence-specific endonucleases. It is typically performed with diverse molecular scissors that cleave a particular gene at a defined position. The advent of sequence-specific nucleases such as ZFNs (zinc finger nucleases), TALENs (transcription activator-like effector nucleases), and CRISPR (clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats), in particular, have allowed for the precise and efficient introduction of genetic variation into the genome. The newly developed CRISPR-associated protein 9 (Cas9) variants, base-editing systems, novel RNA-directed nucleases, and DNA-free CRISPR/Cas9 delivery methods offer great opportunities for plant genome engineering. China has made tremendous progress in the field of GE for crop improvement to meet the demand of growing population. Herein, we reviewed the recent progress in GE of different crops in China, highlighting advanced GE tools/methods, and also discussed the specific challenges and prospects of plant GE.

Keywords

Genome editing Sequence-specific endonucleases CRISPR/Cas Base editing TALENs Precision breeding 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was financially supported by Grants from the “China Postdoctoral Science Foundation” (2019TQ0335), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (31771854), the National Key R&D Program of China (2018YFD1000700, 2018YFD1000705, 2018YFD1000500) and the Earmarked Fund for the China Agriculture Research System (CARS-11-shzp).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

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Copyright information

© Korean Society for Plant Biotechnology 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.National Key Laboratory of Plant Molecular Genetics, CAS Center for Excellence in Molecular Plant Sciences, Institute of Plant Physiology and Ecology, Shanghai Institutes for Biological SciencesChinese Academy of ScienceShanghaiChina
  2. 2.University of Chinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina
  3. 3.Agronomy Department, College of Agriculture and BiotechnologyZhejiang UniversityHangzhouChina

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