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Korean Journal of Chemical Engineering

, Volume 36, Issue 12, pp 2000–2007 | Cite as

Microwave assisted persulfate induced degradation of sodium dodecyl benzene sulfonate

  • Pravin Sukharaj Bhandari
  • Parag Ratnakar GogateEmail author
Environmental Engineering
  • 12 Downloads

Abstract

Microwave assisted persulfate induced degradation of sodium dodecyl benzene sulfonate (SDBS) was investigated, focusing on establishing the best conditions for maximum degradation. The study involving different persulfate based oxidants, such as potassium persulfate (KPS), ammonium persulfate (NH3PS) and sodium persulfate (NaPS), revealed that the extent of degradation as 98.3, 82.2 and 68.2% was obtained for the use of KPS, NH3PS and NaPS, respectively. The study of the effect of SDBS concentration (25–100 mg/L), oxidant loading (0–3 g/L) and power (140–350 W) established that degradation decreased with an increase in the operating parameter beyond the optimum condition. Under optimized conditions using potassium persulfate (KPS) as an oxidant, 51.6% and 98.3% degradation of 50 mg/L SDBS solution was obtained by conventional and microwave assisted chemical oxidation approach, respectively, under optimized conditions of power, oxidant loading, volume and time maintained as 280 W, 2 g/L, 250 mL and 28 min, respectively. Extending the conventional approach for 120 min resulted in degradation of 92.5%, which establishes that microwave helps in reducing the treatment time significantly. Kinetic study revealed pseudo-first-order behavior for degradation of SDBS. Energy per order (EEO) for conventional and microwave assisted degradation was observed to be 840 and 317.33 kWh/m3, respectively. Overall, microwave assisted persulfate induced degradation of SDBS has been established to be promising method giving rapid degradation and better economics.

Keywords

Microwave Assisted Degradation Advanced Oxidation Process Anionic Surfactant Persulfate Based Oxidant Sulfate Radical Thermal Activation 

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Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors gratefully acknowledge University Grant Commission for assistance under UGC-NRC, at the Institute of Chemical Technology, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.

Conflict of Interest Statement

On behalf of all authors, the corresponding author states that there is no conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© The Korean Institute of Chemical Engineers 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Pravin Sukharaj Bhandari
    • 1
  • Parag Ratnakar Gogate
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Chemical Engineering DepartmentInstitute of Chemical TechnologyMumbaiIndia

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