Korean Journal of Chemical Engineering

, Volume 36, Issue 4, pp 551–562 | Cite as

Activated carbon synthesized from biomass material using single-step KOH activation for adsorption of fluoride: Experimental and theoretical investigation

  • Parimal Chandra Bhomick
  • Aola Supong
  • Rituparna Karmaker
  • Mridushmita Baruah
  • Chubaakum Pongener
  • Dipak SinhaEmail author
Environmental Engineering


Single-step potassium hydroxide synthesized activated carbon was prepared from Schima wallichii biomass by optimizing process parameters at different carbonization temperature (500 °C, 600 °C, 700 °C and 800 °C) and biomass to KOH impregnation ratio (1: 0, 1: 1, 1: 2 and 1: 3). The optimum condition for obtaining the best activation carbon was found to be at 600 °C and 1: 2 impregnation ratio with BET surface area, total pore volume, and pHzpc of 1,005.71m2g−1, 0.491 cm3g−1 and 6.11, respectively. SEM and XRD analysis revealed the ordering of the graphitic layer with more pores in the carbon matrix at optimized conditions. Batch adsorption experiments were run for fluoride adsorption and fitted, of which Langmuir isotherm model seems to be the best-fitted model with maximum adsorption capacity of 2.524mgg−1. Adsorption kinetics was elucidated best with the pseudo-second-order kinetic model. Theoretical calculations indicate that the adsorption of fluoride is favorable on edge site of both zig-zag and arm chair carbon models with chemisorption type of interaction. Fluoride uptake was found to be affected by the presence of co-ion in the order: \(\rm{CO_3^{2-}} >SO_4^{3-} >NO_3^{-} >Cl^-\).


Schima wallichii Biomass Single-step Synthesis Activated Carbon Fluoride Adsorption DFT 


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Activated carbon synthesized from biomass material using single-step KOH activation for adsorption of fluoride: Experimental and theoretical investigation


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Copyright information

© The Korean Institute of Chemical Engineers 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Parimal Chandra Bhomick
    • 1
  • Aola Supong
    • 1
  • Rituparna Karmaker
    • 1
  • Mridushmita Baruah
    • 1
  • Chubaakum Pongener
    • 1
  • Dipak Sinha
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of ChemistryNagaland UniversityLumamiIndia

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