Facile preparation of antifouling g-C3N4/Ag3PO4 nanocomposite photocatalytic polyvinylidene fluoride membranes for effective removal of rhodamine B
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A simplified strategy for facilely fabricating antifouling graphite carbon nitride/silver phosphate (g-C3N4/Ag3PO4) nanocomposite photocatalytic polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) porous membranes was developed for effective removal of rhodamine B (RhB). g-C3N4/Ag3PO4 heterojunction was strongly fixed to the interior of the PVDF membranes via phase inversion method. The membrane structure was analyzed by Fourier transform spectrophotometer (FT-IR). The morphology of the prepared membranes was investigated using scanning electron microscopy (SEM), EDX-mapping and atomic force microscopy (AFM), respectively. All prepared nanocomposite photocatalytic PVDF membranes exhibited a typically porous structure, and g-C3N4/Ag3PO4 nanocomposites were well dispersed inside the membranes. The obtained g-C3N4/Ag3PO4 heterojunction nanoparticle decorated PVDF membrane had a lower water contact angle of 79° and higher porosity of 85% than that of other two control membranes. The nanocomposite photocatalytic PVDF porous membranes had extremely high permeation flux over 1,083 L·m-2·h-1, and could be used for the removal of RhB. The removal efficiency of g-C3N4/Ag3PO4-PVDF membranes towards RhB solution under visible light irradiation reached 97%, higher than that of the pure PVDF membranes (41%) and g-C3N4-PVDF membranes (85%). Remarkably, the flux performance and flux recovery ratio (FRR) of membranes revealed that the g-C3N4/Ag3PO4-PVDF membranes could recover high flux after fouling, which presented better fouling resistance. Furthermore, the fabricated antifouling g-C3N4/Ag3PO4 nanocomposite photocatalytic PVDF porous membranes exhibited excellent recyclability. Therefore, it is expected that g-C3N4/Ag3PO4-PVDF membranes could provide an energy-saving strategy for effective removal of organic dyes wastewater and have a great potential for practical wastewater treatment in the future.
Keywordsg-C3N4/Ag3PO4 Heterojunction PVDF Membranes Removal RhB Anti-fouling Properties
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