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Korean Journal of Chemical Engineering

, Volume 33, Issue 11, pp 3222–3230 | Cite as

CO2 absorption characteristics of a piperazine derivative with primary, secondary, and tertiary amino groups

  • Jeong Ho Choi
  • Young Eun Kim
  • Sung Chan Nam
  • Soung Hee Yun
  • Yeo Il YoonEmail author
  • Jung-Hyun Lee
Separation Technology, Thermodynamics

Abstract

Thermodynamic and kinetic data are important for designing a CO2 absorption process using aqueous amine solutions. A piperazine derivative, 1-(2-aminoethyl)piperazine (AEP), was blended with aqueous amine solutions due to its thermal degradation stability, high CO2 loading (mole of CO2-absorbed per mole of amine) and high solubility in water. In this study, the vapor liquid equilibrium (VLE), absorption rate, and species distribution of aqueous AEP solutions were studied to develop an optimum amine solution in a post-combustion capture process. The VLE and apparent absorption rate of the aqueous 30wt% AEP solution were measured using a batch-type reactor at 313.15, 333.15, and 353.15 K. The AEP exhibited approximately twice higher CO2 loading compared with monoethanolamine (MEA) at all temperatures. The apparent AEP absorption rate (k app =0.1 min−1) was similar to that of diethanolamine (DEA) at 333.15 K. Speciation of the CO2-absorbed AEP was analyzed using 13C NMR. Although AEP featured a primary amino group and secondary amino group, it did not form bicarbamate upon reaction with CO2 based on analysis results. AEP-1-carbamate was primarily formed by reactions between AEP and CO2 during the initial reaction. Bicarbonate species formed as the quantity of absorbed CO2 increased.

Keywords

Carbon Dioxide CO2 Absorption Piperazine Derivatives Vapor Liquid Equilibrium CO2 Apparent Absorption Rate 

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Copyright information

© Korean Institute of Chemical Engineers, Seoul, Korea 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jeong Ho Choi
    • 1
    • 2
  • Young Eun Kim
    • 1
  • Sung Chan Nam
    • 1
  • Soung Hee Yun
    • 1
  • Yeo Il Yoon
    • 1
    Email author
  • Jung-Hyun Lee
    • 2
  1. 1.Green Energy Process Laboratory, Climate Change Research DivisionKorea Institute of Energy ResearchDaejeonKorea
  2. 2.Department of Chemical & Biological EngineeringKorea UniversitySeoulKorea

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