Advertisement

Korean Journal of Chemical Engineering

, Volume 33, Issue 4, pp 1261–1266 | Cite as

Inhibition of char deposition using a particle bed in heating section of supercritical water gasification

  • Soichi Hirota
  • Shuhei Inoue
  • Takahito Inoue
  • Yoshifumi Kawai
  • Yasutaka Wada
  • Takashi Noguchi
  • Yukihiko MatsumuraEmail author
Energy

Abstract

Supercritical water gasification (SCWG) has attracted attention as a technology for utilizing wet biomass. We used a fluidized bed of alumina particles to prevent blockage of a SCWG reactor. A glucose solution was heated in the reactor with and without fluidized alumina particles. In the absence of alumina particles, char particles formed homogeneously in the reactor, but the use of a fluidized bed resulted in accumulation of char particles at the reactor’s exit rather than inside the reactor. Therefore, the fluidized bed was effective at preventing blockage of the reactor. However, the alumina particles did not remove deposits from the reactor’s walls. Instead, the fluidized bed caused larger char particles to form, preventing their adhesion to the reactor’s wall.

Keywords

Supercritical Water Gasification Char Blockage Particle Bed 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    S. Amin, R. Reid and M. Modell, Am. Soc. Mech. Eng., 8, 75-ENAs-21 (1975).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    D. H. Yu, M. Aihara and M. J. Antal, Energy Fuels, 7, 574 (1993).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    M. J. Antal, S. G. Allen, D. Schulman, X. D. Xu and R. J. Divilio, Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 39, 4040 (2000).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Y. Matsumura, T. Minowa, B. Potic, S. R. A. Kersten, W. Prins, W. P. M. van Swaaij, B. van de Beld, D. C. Elliott, G. G. Neuenschwander, A. Kruse and M. J. Antal, Biomass Bioenergy, 29, 269 (2005).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Y. Matsumura and S. Y. Yokoyama, Biomass Bioenergy, 29, 304 (2005).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    A. Chuntanapum and Y. Matsumura, Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 48, 9837 (2009).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    T. Minowa, F. Zhen and T. Ogi, J. Supercrit. Fluids, 13, 253 (1998).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    A. Chuntanapum, T. L. K. Yong, S. Miyake and Y. Matsumura, Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 47, 2956 (2008).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    A. Chuntanapum and Y. Matsumura, Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 49, 4055 (2010).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    A. Chuntanapum, T. Shii and Y. Matsumura, J. Chem. Eng. Jpn., 44, 431 (2011).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    T. Samanmulya and Y. Matsumura, J. Jpn. Inst. Energy, 92, 894 (2013).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    T. Samanmulya, S. Inoue, T. Inoue, Y. Kawai, H. Kubota, H. Munetsuna, T. Noguchi and Y. Matsumura, J. Jpn. Inst. Energy, 93, 936 (2014).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    A. Sinag, A. Kruse and V. Schwarzkopf, Eng. Life Sci., 3, 469 (2003).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    A. Sinag, A. Kruse and V. Schwarzkopf, Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 42, 3516 (2003).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Y. Wada, K. Oyama, T. Yamasaki, I. Uchiyama, Y. Yamamura, H. Kubota, Y. Matsumura, T. Minowa, T. Noguchi and Y. Kawai, J. Jpn. Inst. Energy, 92, 1159 (2013).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Y. Matsumura, X. Xu and M. J. Antal, Carbon, 35, 819 (1997).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Y. Matsumura, S. Hara, K. Kaminaka, Y. Yamashita, T. Yoshida, S. Inoue, Y. Kawai, T. Minowa, T. Noguchi and Y. Shimizu, J. Jpn. Pet. Inst., 56, 1 (2013).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    L. J. Sealock, D. C. Elliott, E. G. Baker and R. S. Butner, Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 32, 1535 (1993).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    D. C. Elliott, T. R. Hart and G. G. Neuenschwander, Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 45, 3776 (2006).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    D. C. Elliott, G. G. Neuenschwander, M. R. Phelps, T. R. Hart, A. H. Zacher and L. J. Silva, Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 38, 879 (1999).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    D. C. Elliott, M. R. Phelps, L. J. Sealock and E. G. Baker, Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 33, 566 (1994).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    D. C. Elliott, L. J. Sealock and E. G. Baker, Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 32, 1542 (1993).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    D. C. Elliott, L. J. Sealock and E. G. Baker, Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 33, 558 (1994).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    T. Minowa and Z. Fang, J. Chem. Eng. Jpn., 31, 488 (1998).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    H. Schmieder, J. Abeln, N. Boukis, E. Dinjus, A. Kruse, M. Kluth, G. Petrich, E. Sadri and M. Schacht, J. Supercrit. Fluids, 17, 145 (2000).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    A. Kruse, D. Meier, P. Rimbrecht and M. Schacht, Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 39, 4842 (2000).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    S. Anis and Z. A. Zainal, Renewable Sustainable Energy Rev., 15, 2355 (2011).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    H. Munetsuna, M. Tamai, Y. Noda and Y. Matsumura, J. Jpn. Inst. Energy, 89, 1173 (2010).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Y. Matsumura and T. Minowa, Int. J. Hydrogen Energy, 29, 701 (2004).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    A. Erkiaga, G. Lopez, M. Amutio, J. Bilbao and M. Olazar, Fuel Process. Technol., 116, 292 (2013).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Y. J. Lu, L. Zhao, Q. Han, L. P. Wei, X. M. Zhang, L. J. Guo and J. J. Wei, Int. J. Multiphase Flow, 49, 78 (2013).CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Korean Institute of Chemical Engineers, Seoul, Korea 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Soichi Hirota
    • 1
  • Shuhei Inoue
    • 2
  • Takahito Inoue
    • 3
  • Yoshifumi Kawai
    • 4
  • Yasutaka Wada
    • 5
  • Takashi Noguchi
    • 6
  • Yukihiko Matsumura
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Mechanical Science and EngineeringHiroshima UniversityHiroshimaJapan
  2. 2.Division of Energy and Environmental EngineeringInstitute of Engineering, Hiroshima UniversityHiroshimaJapan
  3. 3.Fukken Co.HiroshimaJapan
  4. 4.Chuden Plant Co., Ltd.HiroshimaJapan
  5. 5.The Chugoku Electric Power Company Co., Inc., KagamiyamaHigashihiroshima-shi, HiroshimaJapan
  6. 6.Toyo Koatsu Co., Ltd.HiroshimaJapan

Personalised recommendations