Preparation and characterization of nanocomposite heterogeneous cation exchange membranes modified by silver nanoparticles
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We prepared polyvinylchloride based nanocomposite heterogeneous cation exchange membranes by solution casting technique using cation exchange resin powder as functional groups agent and tetrahydrofuran as solvent. Silver nanoparticles were also used as fillers in membrane fabrication. The effect of silver nanoparticles concentration in casting solution on membrane physico/chemical and antibacterial characteristics was studied. The SEM images showed compact structure for the modified membranes. X-ray diffraction results also revealed that membrane crystallinity was clearly changed by increase of nanoparticle concentration. Membrane selectivity and transport number were enhanced initially by increase in nanoparticle content up to 4%wt in prepared membrane, and then showed decreasing trend by more increase in additive concentration from 4 to 8%wt. Selectivity and transport number were enhanced another time by further increase in nanoparticle loading ratio from 8 to 16%wt. Opposite trend was found for the membranes’ average grain size by variation in additive content. Ionic flux was also clearly enhanced by using Ag nanoparticles in membrane matrix. Moreover, modified membranes showed good ability in decrease of Escherichia coli growth rate.
KeywordsMixed Matrix Membrane Ion Exchange Silver Nanoparticles Fabrication/Characterization Antibacterial Property/Escherichia coli Growth Rate
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