Korean Journal of Chemical Engineering

, Volume 30, Issue 4, pp 771–786 | Cite as

Natural gas hydrate as a potential energy resource: From occurrence to production

Invited Review Paper

Abstract

Natural gas hydrate reservoirs have been strongly suggested as a potential energy resource. However, this potential is expected to be limited by geological factors, reservoir properties, and phase-equilibria considerations. Accordingly, sufficient understanding and accurate analyses for the complex surroundings in a natural gas hydrate system have to occur before methane recovery. In this paper, we discuss the formation and structure patterns of global natural gas hydrate, including the origins of hydrocarbon, crystal structures, and unique structure transition. We also summarize two important anomalies related to methane occupancy and chlorinity which were revealed very recently. Furthermore, we review the geological and chemical surroundings of the shallow hydrate deposits, the so-called brine patch discovered in the Cascadia Margin and Ulleung Basin, which are significantly related to tectonic conduits for methane gas and positive chlorinity.

Key words

Natural Gas Hydrate Methane Occupancy Chlorinity Shallow Hydrate Ulleung Basin 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    K. A. Kvenvolden and T. D. Lorenson, in Natural gas hydrates; occurrence, distribution, and detection, C. K. Paull and W. P. Dillon Eds., American Geophysical Union, Washington DC, Geophysical Monograph, 124, 3–18 (2001).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    K. A. Kvenvolden, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 96, 3420 (1999).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    J. Seol, J.-W. Lee, D.-Y. Kim, S. Takeya, J. A. Ripmeester and H. Lee, J. Phys. Chem. B, 114, 804 (2010a).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    J. Seol, J.-W. Lee, W. Shin, D.-Y. Koh, J. Lee and H. Lee, J. Phys. Chem. C, 114, 17960 (2010b).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    H. Lee, Y. Seo, Y.-T. Seo, I. L. Moudrakovski and J. A. Ripmeester, Angew. Chem. Int. Ed., 115, 5202 (2003).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Y. Park, D.-Y. Kim, J.-W. Lee, D.-G. Huh, K.-P. Park, J. Lee and H. Lee, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 103, 12690 (2006).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    K. Shin, Y. Park, M. Cha, K.-P. Park, D.-G. Huh, J. Lee, S.-J. Kim and H. Lee, Energy & Fuels, 22, 3160 (2008).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    R. Boswell and T. Collett, FITI, 6(3), 5 (2006).Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    R. Boswell, T. Collett, S. Dallimore and M. Frye, FITI, 12(1), 11 (2012).Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    J. C. Santamarina and J. Jang, FITI, 9(4), 18 (2009).Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    A. H. Johnson, FITI, 11(2), 1 (2011).Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    A.M. Tréhu, G. Bohrmann, F.R. Rack and M. E. Torres, Proceedings of ODP, Initial Reports 204, [online] http://www-odp.tamu.edu/publications/e04_IR/204ir.htm (2003).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    S. Horozal, G. H. Lee, B.Y. Yi, D.G. Yoo, K. P. Park, H.Y. Lee, W. Kim, H. J. Kim and K. Lee, Mar. Geol., 258, 126 (2009).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    M. E. Torres, J. H. Kim, J.-Y. Choi, B.-J. Ryu, J.-J. Bahk, M. Riedel, T. S. Collett, W.-L. Hong and M. Kastner, Proceedings of the 7 th international conference on gas hydrates, Edinburgh, Scotland, United Kingdom (2011).Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    R. Sassen, S. T. Sweet, A. V. Milkov, D. A. DeFreitas and M. C. Kennicutt, in Natural gas hydrates; occurrence, distribution, and detection, C. K. Paull and W. P. Dillon Eds., American Geophysical Union, Washington DC, Geophysical Monograph, 124, 131 (2001).Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    J. Ashi, S. Saito, K. Aoike, T. Toki, T. Kuramoto and P. Henry, EOS Transaction, American Geophysical Union, 83, Fall meeting supplement (Abstract), T11B–1248 (2002).Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    E. Suess, M. E. Torres, G. Bohrmann, R.W. Collier, D. Rickert, C. Goldfinger, P. Linke, A. Heuser, H. Sahling, K. Heeschen, C. Jung, K. Nakamura, J. Greinert, O. Pfannkuche, A.M. Tréhu, G. Klinkhamer, M. J. Whiticar, A. Eisenhauer, B. Teichert and M. Elvert, in Natural gas hydrates; occurrence, distribution, and detection, C. K. Paull and W. P. Dillon Eds., American Geophysical Union, Washington DC, Geophysical Monograph, 124, 87 (2001).Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    A.V. Milkov, G. R. Dickens, G. E. Claypool, Y.-J. Lee, W. S. Boronwski, M. E. Torres, W. Xu, H. Tomaru, A.M. Tréhu and P. Schultheiss, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 222, 829 (2004).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    J. J. Bahk, J.-H. Kim, G.-S. Kong, Y. Park, H. Lee, Y. Park and K. P. Park, Geosci. J., 13, 371 (2009).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    C. K. Paull, W. Ussler and W. S. Borowski, in International conference on natural gas hydrates, E. D. Sloan, J. Happel and M. A. Hnaow Eds., Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 715, 392 (1994).Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    M. J. Whiticar, E. F. Faber and M. Schoell, Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta, 50, 693 (1986).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    M. J. Whiticar, Chem. Geol., 161, 291 (1999).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    M. Schoell, Chem. Geol., 71, 1 (1988).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    J.M. Brooks, M. C. Kennicutt, R. R. Fey, T. J. McDonald and R. Sassen, Science, 225, 409 (1984).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    G. D. Ginsburg, in Gas hydrates: Relevance to world margin stability and climatic change, J.-P. Henriet and J. Mienert, Eds., Geological Society, London, Special Publication, 137, 51 (1998).Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    A.V. Milkov, G. E. Claypool, Y. J. Lee and R. Sassen, Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta, 69, 1007 (2005).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    N. R. Champman, J.W. Pohlman, R.B. Coffin, J. P. Chanton and L. Lapham, EOS Trans., 85, 361 (2004).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    J.W. Pohlman, E.A. Canuel, N. R. Chapman, G. D. Spence, M. J. Whiticar and R. B. Coffin, Org. Geochem., 36, 703 (2005).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    R. Matsumoto, H. Tomaru, A. Hiruta, Y. Ishida, R. Takeuchi, G. Snyder, R. Kotani, Y. Okuda, M. Sato, H. Numanami, C. Aoyama, M. Hiromatsu, H. Lu, N. S. Matsuda, Z. Lu, E. Takeuchi, T. Goto, H. Machiyama, H. Toh and J. Komatsubara, American geophysical union fall meeting, Abstract no.OS41C-04 (2005).Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    R. Sassen, S. T. Sweet, A. V. Milkov, D. A. DeFreitas and M. C. Kennicutt, Geology, 29, 107 (2001).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    R. Sassen and I. R. Mcdonald, Org. Geochem., 22, 1029 (1994).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    R. Sassen, S. Joye, S. E. Sweet, D. A. DeFreias, A.V. Milkov and I. R. McDonald, Org. Geochem., 30, 485 (1999).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    J.M. Brooks, B.H. Cox, W. R. Bryant, M. C. Kennicutt, R.G. Mann and T. J. McDonald, Org. Geochem., 10, 221 (1986).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    J.M. Brooks, M. E. Field and M. C. Kennicutt, Marine Geol., 96, 103 (1991).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    G. Ginsburg, A. N. Kremlev, M. N. Grigor’ev, G.V. Larkin, A. D. Pavlenkin and N. A. Saltykova, Geologiya i Geofizika, 313, 10 (1990).Google Scholar
  36. 36.
    V. N. Blinova, M. K. Ivanov and G. Bohrmann, Geo-Mar. Lett., 23, 250 (2003).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    G. D. Ginsburg, R. A. Guseynov, A. A. Dadashev, G. A. Ivanova, S. A. Kazantsev, V. A. Soloviev, E.V. Telepnev, P.Ye. Askefi-Nasinov, A. A. Yesikov, V. I. Mal’tseva, G.Yu. Mashirov and I.Yu. Shabayeva, Int. Geol. Rev., 43, 765 (1992).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    G. Ginsburg, V. A. Soloviev, R.E. Cranston, T.D. Lorenson and K. A. Kvenvolden, Geo-Mar. Lett., 13, 41 (1993).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    K. A. Kvenvolden and M. Kastner, in Proceedings of ocean drilling program, scientific results, 112, E. Suess and R. von Huene, et al. Eds., College station, TX, 517–526 (1990).Google Scholar
  40. 40.
    T. S. Collett, Am. Assoc. Petrol. Geol. Bull., 77, 793 (1993).Google Scholar
  41. 41.
    T.D. Lorenson, M. J. Whiticar, A. Waseda, S. R. Dallimore and T. S. Collett, in Scientific Results from JAPEX.JNOC/GSC Mallik 2L-38 Gas Hydrate Research Well, Mackenzie Delta, Northwest Territories, Canada, S. R. Dallimore, T. Uchida and T. S. Collett Eds., Geological Survey of Canada Bulletin, 544, 143 (1999).Google Scholar
  42. 42.
    T. D. Lorenson and T. S. Collett, in Proceedings of ocean drilling program, C. K. Paull, R. Matsumoto, P. J. Wallace and W. P. Dillon Eds., College Station, TX, 37–46 (2000).Google Scholar
  43. 43.
    A. Waseda and T. Uchida, Proceedings of 4 th International Conference on Gas Hydrates, Yokohama, Japan, 19–174 (2002).Google Scholar
  44. 44.
    J. H. Kim, M.-H. Park and J.-H. Chun, Geo-Mar. Lett., 31, 37 (2011).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. 45.
    J. H. Kim, M. E. Torres, J. Choi, J.-J. Bahk, M.-H. Park and W. L. Hong, Org. Geochem., 43, 26 (2012).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. 46.
    D.W. Davidson, S. K. Garg, S. R. Gough, Y. P. Handa, C. I. Ratcliffe, J. A. Ripmeester, J. S. Tse and W. F. Lawson, Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta, 50, 619 (1986).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. 47.
    J. A. Ripmeester, J. S. Tse, C. I. Ratcliffe and B. N. Powell, Nature, 325, 135 (1987).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. 48.
    H. Lu, Y. Seo, J. Lee, I. Moudrakovski, J.A. Ripmeester, N.R. Chapman, R. B. Coffin, G. Gardner and J. Pohlman, Nature, 445, 303 (2007).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. 49.
    S.-H. Yeon, J. Seol and H. Lee, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 128, 12388 (2006).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. 50.
    R. E. Grim, Clay Mineralogy, 2nd Ed., McGraw-Hill (1968).Google Scholar
  51. 51.
    H. Ouar, S. B. Cha, T. R. Wildeman and E. D. Sloan, Chem. Eng. Res. Des., 70, 48 (1992).Google Scholar
  52. 52.
    R. E. Grim and G. Kulbicki, Am. Mineral., 46, 1329 (1961).Google Scholar
  53. 53.
    S. B. Cha, H. Ouar, T. R. Wildeman and E. D. Sloan, J. Phys. Chem., 92, 6492 (1988).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. 54.
    S.-H. Yeon, J. Seol, Y. Seo, Y. Park, D.-Y. Koh, K.-P. Park, D.-G. Huh, J. Lee and H. Lee, J. Phys. Chem. B Lett., 113, 245 (2009).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. 55.
    Y. Seo, J. Seol, S.-H. Yeon, D.-Y. Koh, M. Cha, S.-P. Kang, Y.-T. Seo, J. Bahk, J. Lee and H. Lee, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 54, 1284 (2009).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. 56.
    E. M. Chuvilin, E.V. Kozlova, N. A. Makhonina, V. S. Yakushew and D.V. Dubinyak, Proceedings of 4 th International Conference on Gas Hydrates, 433–438 (2002).Google Scholar
  57. 57.
    S. Guggenheim and A. F. Koster van Groos, Geology, 31, 653 (2003).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. 58.
    P. Englezos and S. Hall, Can. J. Chem. Eng., 72, 887 (1994).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. 59.
    K.M. Lee, H. Lee, J.-H. Lee and J. M. Kang, Geophy. Res. Lett., 29, 2034 (2002).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. 60.
    W. Ussler and C.K. Paull, in Natural gas hydrates; occurrence, distribution, and detection, C. K. Paull and W. P. Dillon Eds., American Geophysical Union, Washington DC, Geophysical Monograph, 124, 41 (2001).Google Scholar
  61. 61.
    W. E. Harrison, R. Hesse and J.M. Gieskes, in Initial reports of the deep sea drilling project, J. Aubouin, et al., Eds., U. S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. (1982).Google Scholar
  62. 62.
    J.M. Gieskes, K. Johnston and M. Boehm, in Initial reports of the deep sea drilling project, R. von Huene, et al. Eds., U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. (1985).Google Scholar
  63. 63.
    K. A. Kvenvolden and L.A. Barnard, Initial Reports, Deep Sea Drilling Project, 76, 353 (1983).Google Scholar
  64. 64.
    P. D. Jenden and J.M. Gieskes, Initial Reports Deep Sea Drilling Project, 76, 453 (1983).Google Scholar
  65. 65.
    C. K. Paull, T. D. Lorenson, W. S. Boroworski, W. Ussler, K. Olsen, N. M. Rodriguez and H. Wehner, Proceedings of Ocean Drilling Program Scientific Results, 164, 67 (2000).Google Scholar
  66. 66.
    K. A. Kvenvolden and T. J. Mcdonald, Initial Reports, Deep Sea Drilling Project, 84, 667 (1985).Google Scholar
  67. 67.
    R. Hesse, J. Lebel and J. M. Gieskes, Initial Reports, Deep Sea Drilling Project, 84, 727 (1985).Google Scholar
  68. 68.
    M. J. Whiticar, M. Hovland, M. Kastner and J. C. Sample, Proc. Ocean Drill. Program, Sci. Results, 146, 385 (1995).Google Scholar
  69. 69.
    R. E. Cranston, in Scientific Results from JAPEX.JNOC/GSC Mallik 2L-38 Gas Hydrate Research Well, Mackenzie Delta, Northwest Territories, Canada, S. R. Dallimore, T. Uchida and T. S. Collett Eds., Geological Survey of Canada Bulletin, 544, 295 (1999).Google Scholar
  70. 70.
    P. K. Egeberg and G. R. Dickens, Chem. Geol., 153, 53 (1999).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  71. 71.
    M. K. Davie and B. A. Buffet, J. Geophys. Res., 106, 497 (2001).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  72. 72.
    M. Haeckel, E. Suess, K. Wallman and E. Rickert, Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta, 68, 4335 (2004).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  73. 73.
    M. E. Torres, K. Wallmann, A.M. Tréhu, G. Bohrmann, W. S. Borowski and H. Tomaru, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 226, 225 (2004).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  74. 74.
    B. A. Buffett and O.Y. Zatsepina, Marine Geol., 164, 69 (1999).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  75. 75.
    X. Liu and P. B. Flemings, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 241, 211 (2006).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  76. 76.
    H. Daigle and B. Dugan, Geophys. Res. Lett., 37, L20301 (2010).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  77. 77.
    R. Hesse, Earth Sci. Rev., 61, 149 (2003).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  78. 78.
    J. Seol, D.-Y. Koh, M. Cha, W. Shin, Y.-J. Lee, J.-H. Kim, J. Lee and H. Lee, AIChE J. 58, 322 (2012).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  79. 79.
    E. Suess, M. E. Torres, G. Bohrmann, R.W. Collier, J. Greinert, P. Linke, G. Rehder, A.M. Tréhu, K. Wallmann, G. Winckler and E. Zuleger, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 170, 1 (1999).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  80. 80.
    A. M. Tréhu, N. L. Bangs, M.A. Arsenault, G. Bohrmann, C. Goldfinger, J. E. Johnson, Y. Nakamura and M. E. Torres, Proceedings of the 4 th International Gas Hydrate, Yokohama, Japan, 90–96 (2002).Google Scholar
  81. 81.
    D.-Y. Kim, T.-W. Uhm, H. Lee, Y.-J. Lee, B.-J. Ryu and J.-H. Kim, Korean J. Chem. Eng., 22, 569 (2005).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  82. 82.
    K. C. Hester, R.M. Dunk, S. N. White, P.G. Brewer, E. T. Peltzer and E. D. Sloan, Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta, 71, 2947 (2007).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  83. 83.
    A. M. Tréhu, P. E. Long, M. E. Torres, G. Bohrmann, F. R. Rack, T. S. Collett, D. S. Goldberg, A.V. Milkov, M. Ridel, P. Schultheiss, N. L. Bangs, S. R. Barr, W. S. Borowski, G. E. Claypool, M. E. Delwiche, G. R. Dickens, E. Gracia, G. Guerin, M. Holland, J. E. Johnson, Y.-J. Lee, C.-S. Liu, X. Su, B. Teichert, H. Tomaru, M. Vanneste, M. Watanabe and J. L. Weinberger, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 222, 845 (2004).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  84. 84.
    K. U. Heeschen, R.W. Collier, M. A. de Angelis, E. Suess, G. Rehder, P. Linke and G. P. Klinkhammer, Glob. Biogeochem. Cycles, 19, GB2016 (2005).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  85. 85.
    A.V. Milkov and W. Xu, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 239, 162 (2005).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  86. 86.
    M. E. Torres, J. McManus, D. E. Hammond, M.A. de Angelis, K.U. Heeschen, S. L. Colbert, M. D. Tryon, K.M. Brown and E. Suess, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 201, 525 (2002).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  87. 87.
    M. Hovland, Cont. Shelf Res., 22, 2387 (2002).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  88. 88.
    K. U. Heeschen, A.M. Tréhu, R.W. Collier, E. Suess and G. Rehder, Geophys. Res. Lett., 30, 1643 (2003).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  89. 89.
    J. H. Lee, Y. S. Baek, B. J. Ryu, M. Riedel and R. D. Hyndman, Mar. Geophy. Res., 26, 51 (2005).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  90. 90.
    J.-J. Bahk, I.-K. Um and M. Holland, Mar. Petrol. Geol., 28, 1943 (2011).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  91. 91.
    B.-J. Ryu, M. Riedel, J.-H. Kim, R. D. Hyndman, Y.-J. Lee, B.-H. Chung and I.-S. Kim, Mar. Petrol. Geol., 26, 1483 (2009).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  92. 92.
    S.-H. Yeon, J. Seol, D.-Y. Koh, Y. Seo, K.-P. Park, D.-G. Huh, J. Lee and H. Lee, Energy. Environ. Sci., 4, 421 (2011).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  93. 93.
    K.-P. Park, J.-J. Bahk, Y. Kwon, G.Y. Kim, M. Riedel, M. Holland, P. Schultheiss, K. Rose and the UBGH-1 scientific party, FITI, 8(2), 6 (2008).Google Scholar
  94. 94.
    KIGAM, Studies on Gas Hydrate Geology, Geochemistry and Stability, NP2008-003-2009, Gwacheon, Republic of Korea: Ministry of Knowledge Economy (2009).Google Scholar
  95. 95.
    UBGH2 scientists, Preliminary Report, Daejeon, Republic of Korea, KIGAM (2010).Google Scholar
  96. 96.
    C. Ruppel, T. Collet, R. Boswell, T. Lorenson, B. Buczkowski and W. Waite, FITI, 11(1), 13 (2011).Google Scholar
  97. 97.
    H. Farrell, R. Boswell, J. Howard and R. Baker, FITI, 10(1), 19 (2010).Google Scholar
  98. 98.
    D.-Y. Koh, H. Kang, D.-O. Kim, J. Park, M. Cha and H. Lee, ChemSusChem., 5, 1443 (2012).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  99. 99.
    D. Peters, G. Hatton, A. Mehta and C. Hadley, Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Gas Hydrates (2008).Google Scholar
  100. 100.
    J. Rutqvist and G. J. Moridis, SPE J., 14, 267 (2009).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Korean Institute of Chemical Engineers, Seoul, Korea 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering (BK21 program) and Graduate School of EEWSKAISTDaejeonKorea

Personalised recommendations