Korean Journal of Chemical Engineering

, Volume 28, Issue 12, pp 2287–2292

Synthesis of biodiesel from an oil fraction separated from food waste leachate

  • Mi Jin Yu
  • Yong-Beom Jo
  • Sang-Guk Kim
  • Young-Kwan Lim
  • Jong-Ki Jeon
  • Sung Hoon Park
  • Seung-Soo Kim
  • Young-Kwon Park
Article

Abstract

Biodiesel was produced from an oil fraction separated from food waste leachate, using a batch reactor system, to evaluate its potential as a renewable energy source for the first time. In order to reduce the free fatty acid content of the leachate oil fraction, three different acid catalysts, H2SO4, zeolite and Amberlyst-15, were used in the pretreatment process. The residual oil fraction after pretreatment was further treated over KOH as a base catalyst to produce a fatty acid methyl ester (FAME). The FAME content in the product was analyzed using GC/MS. A large number of different FAMEs were detected, which is characteristic of the food-waste-derived raw material used in this study. The FAME content of the product was highest when pretreated over Amberlyst-15, followed by trans-esterification. Additional refining and process optimization would be expected to further increase the FAME content. Therefore, it was concluded that the production of biodiesel from the oil fraction separated from food waste leachate is promising.

Key words

Oil Fraction Separated from Food Waste Leachate Biodiesel Acid Catalyst Base Catalyst 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    H. S. Heo, S.G. Kim, K. E. Jeong, J. K. Jeon, S. H. Park, J.M. Kim, S. S. Kim and Y. K. Park, Bioresour. Technol., 102, 3952 (2011).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    K. H. Chung, J. Ind. Eng. Chem., 16, 506 (2010).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    S. B. Lee, K. H. Han, J. D. Lee and I. K. Hong, J. Ind. Eng. Chem., 16, 1006 (2010).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    B. H. Um and Y. S. Kim, J. Ind. Eng. Chem., 15, 1 (2009).Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    I. Egües, M. González Alriols, Z. Herseczki, G. Marton and J. Labidi, J. Ind. Eng. Chem., 16, 239 (2010).Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    N. Supamathanon, J. Wittayakun and S. Prayoonpokarach, J. Ind. Eng. Chem., 17, 182 (2011).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    L. Simasatitkul, P. Siricharnsakunchai, Y. Patcharavorachot, S. Assabumrungrat and A. Arpornwichanop, Korean J. Chem. Eng., 28, 649 (2011).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    J.Y. Park, J. S. Lee, Z. M. Wang and D. K. Kim, Korean J. Chem. Eng., 27, 1795 (2010).Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    D. J. Jeon and S. H. Yeom, Korean J. Chem. Eng., 27, 1555 (2010).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    P. S. Park and S. D. Lee, Korean J. Int. Agri., 20, 278 (2008).Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    A. Murugesan, C. Umarani, T.R. Chinnusamy, M. Krishnan, R. Subramanian and N. Neduzchezhain, Renew. Sust. Energy Rev., 13, 825 (2009).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    J. S. Lee, News Inform. Chem. Eng., 25, 613 (2007).Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    L. C. Meher, D.V. Sagar and S. N. Naik, Renew. Sust. Energy Rev., 10, 248 (2006).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    J. S. Lee and S.C. Park, Korean Chem. Eng. Res., 48, 10 (2010).Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    M. Zabeti, W.M.A.W. Daud and M. K. Aroua, Fuel Process. Technol., 90, 770 (2009).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    B.M. E. Russbueldt and W. F. Hoelderich, Appl. Catal. A: Gen., 362, 47 (2009).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Y. J. Kim, D. K. Kim, Y.W. Rhee, S. C. Park and J. S. Lee, Korean Chem. Eng. Res., 41, 621 (2005).Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    J.Y. Park, D. K. Kim and J. S. Lee, Bioresour. Technol., 101, S62 (2010).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    V. K. S. Pappu, A. J. Yanez, L. Peerebom, E. Muller, C. T. Lira and D. J. Miller, Bioresour. Technol., 102, 4270 (2011).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    A. C. Carma Jr., L.K.C. de Souza, C. E. F. da Costa, E. Longo, J.R. Zamian and G. N. da Rocha Filho, Fuel, 88, 461 (2009).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Q. Shu, B. Yang, H. Yuan, S. Qing and G. Zhu, Catal. Commun., 8, 2159 (2007).CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Korean Institute of Chemical Engineers, Seoul, Korea 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mi Jin Yu
    • 1
  • Yong-Beom Jo
    • 1
  • Sang-Guk Kim
    • 2
  • Young-Kwan Lim
    • 3
  • Jong-Ki Jeon
    • 4
  • Sung Hoon Park
    • 5
  • Seung-Soo Kim
    • 6
  • Young-Kwon Park
    • 1
    • 7
  1. 1.Graduate School of Energy and Environmental System EngineeringUniversity of SeoulSeoulKorea
  2. 2.Korea Institute of Energy ResearchDaejeonKorea
  3. 3.Research CenterKorea Institute of Petroleum ManagementChungbukKorea
  4. 4.Department of Chemical EngineeringKongju National UniversityCheonanKorea
  5. 5.Department of Environmental EngineeringSunchon National UniversitySuncheonKorea
  6. 6.Department of Chemical EngineeringKangwon National UniversitySamcheokKorea
  7. 7.School of Environmental EngineeringUniversity of SeoulSeoulKorea

Personalised recommendations