Korean Journal of Chemical Engineering

, Volume 28, Issue 3, pp 800–807 | Cite as

Removal of methylene blue from aqueous solutions by adsorption onto chemically activated halloysite nanotubes

  • Peng Luo
  • Bing ZhangEmail author
  • Yafei Zhao
  • Jinhua Wang
  • Haoqin Zhang
  • Jindun Liu


This study examines the adsorption behavior of methylene blue (MB) from aqueous solutions onto chemically activated halloysite nanotubes. Adsorption of MB depends greatly on the adsorbent dose, pH, initial concentration, temperature and contact time. The Langmuir and Freundlich models were applied to describe the equilibrium isotherms and the Langmuir model agrees very well with experimental data. The maximum adsorption capacities for MB ranged from 91.32 to 103.63 mg·g−1 between 298 and 318 K. A comparison of kinetic models applied to the adsorption data was evaluated for pseudo-first-order, pseudo-second-order, Elovich and intra-particle diffusion equation. The results showed the adsorption process was well described by the pseudo-second-order and intra-particle diffusion mode. Thermodynamic parameters suggest that the adsorption is spontaneous and endothermic. The obtained results indicated that the product had the potential to be utilized as low-cost and effective alternative for dye removal in wastewater.

Key words

Halloysite Nanotubes Adsorption Methylene Blue Isotherm Kinetic Model 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    V. K. Gupta and Suhas, J. Environ. Manage., 90, 2313 (2009).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    H. S. Rai, M. S. Bhattacharyya, J. Singh, T. K. Bansal, P. Vats and U. C. Banerjee, Crit. Rev. Environ. Sci. Technol., 35, 219 (2005).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    S. Artkla, K. Wantala, B.O. Srinameb, N. Grisdanurak, W. Klysubun and J. Wittayakun, Korean J. Chem. Eng., 26, 1556 (2009).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    V.K. Gupta, R. Jain and S. Varshney, J. Colloid Interf. Sci., 312, 292 (2007).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Y. S. Al-Degs, M. A. M. Khraisheh, S. J. Allen and M. N. Ahmad, J. Hazard. Mater., 165, 944 (2009).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    F. Rozada, L. F. Calvo, A. I. Garcia, J. Martin-Villacorta and M. Otero, Bioresour. Technol., 87, 221 (2003).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    B. C. Kim, Y. H. Kim and T. Yamamoto, Korean J. Chem. Eng., 25, 1140 (2008).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    R. M. Gong, Y. Z. Sun, J. Chen, H. J. Liu and C. Yang, Dyes Pigm., 67, 175 (2005).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    J. Mao, S.W. Won, J. Min and Y. S. Yun, Korean J. Chem. Eng., 25, 1060 (2008).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    R.W. Gaikwad and S.A. M. Kinldy, Korean J. Chem. Eng., 26, 102 (2009).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    M. Hajjaji and H. El Arfaoui, Appl. Clay Sci., 46, 418 (2009).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    V. K. Gupta, A. Mittal, A. Malviya and J. Mittal, J. Colloid Interf. Sci., 335, 24 (2009).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    V. K. Gupta, R. Jain and S. Varshney, J. Hazard. Mater., 142, 443 (2009).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    I. Ali and V. K. Gupta, Nat. Protoc., 1, 2661 (2006).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    V. K. Gupta, I. Ali and V. K. Saini, J. Colloid Interf. Sci., 315, 87 (2007).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    D. Ghosh and K.G. Bhattacharyya, Appl. Clay Sci., 20, 295 (2002).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    E. Bulut, M. Ozacar and I. A. Sengil, J. Hazard. Mater., 154, 613 (2008).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    M. Alkan, M. Dogan, Y. Turhan, O. Demirbas and P. Turan, Chem. Eng. J., 139, 213 (2009).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    M. Dogan and M. Alkan, Chemosphere, 50, 517 (2003).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    V. K. Gupta, D. Mohan and V. K. Saini, J. Colloid Interf. Sci., 298, 79 (2006).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    M. A. Al-Ghouti, M. A. M. Khraisheh, M. N. Ahmad and S. J. Allen, J. Hazard. Mater., 146, 316 (2007).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Y. M. Lvov, D. G. Shchukin, H. Mohwald and R. R. Price, ACS Nano, 2, 814 (2008).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    M. F. Zhao and P. Liu, Micropor. Mesopor. Mater., 112, 419 (2008).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    P. Luo, Y. F. Zhao, B. Zhang, J. D. Liu, Y. Yang and J. F. Liu, Water Res., 44, 1489 (2010).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Y. F. Zhao, B. Zhang, X. Zhang, J. H. Wang, J. D. Liu and R. F. Chen, J. Hazard. Mater., 178, 658 (2010).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    A. Aziz, M. S. Ouali, E. H. Elandaloussi, L. C. De Menorval and M. Lindheimer, J. Hazard. Mater., 163, 441 (2009).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    D. Borah, S. Satokawa, S. Kato and T. Kojima, J. Hazard. Mater., 162, 1269 (2009).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    V. V. B. Rao and S. R. M. Rao, Chem. Eng. J., 116, 77 (2006).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    D. Kavitha and C. Namasivayam, Bioresour. Technol., 98, 14 (2007).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    P. Janos, H. Buchtova and M. Ryznarova, Water Res., 37, 4938 (2003).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    K.G. Bhattacharyya and A. Sharma, Dyes Pigm., 65, 51 (2005).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    K. P. Singh, D. Mohan, S. Sinha, G. S. Tondon and D. Gosh, Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 42, 1965 (2003).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    P. Monash and G. Pugazhenthi, Korean J. Chem. Eng., 27, 1184 (2010).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    C. H. Weng and Y. F. Pan, J. Hazard. Mater., 144, 355 (2007).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    A. A. Attia, B. S. Girgis and N. A. Fathy, Dyes Pigm., 76, 282 (2008).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    C. A. P. Almeida, N. A. Debacher, A. J. Downs, L. Cottet and C. A. D. Mello, J. Colloid Interf. Sci., 332, 46 (2009).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    I. Kuncek and S. Sener, Ultrason. Sonochem., 17, 250 (2010).CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Korean Institute of Chemical Engineers, Seoul, Korea 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Peng Luo
    • 1
  • Bing Zhang
    • 1
    Email author
  • Yafei Zhao
    • 1
  • Jinhua Wang
    • 1
  • Haoqin Zhang
    • 1
  • Jindun Liu
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Chemical EngineeringZhengzhou UniversityZhengzhouP. R. China

Personalised recommendations