Korean Journal of Chemical Engineering

, Volume 27, Issue 4, pp 1109–1116 | Cite as

Parameter effect on photocatalytic degradation of phenol using TiO2-P25/activated carbon (AC)

  • Sze-Mun Lam
  • Jin-Chung Sin
  • Abdul Rahman Mohamed
Catalysis, Reaction Engineering


P25 powder embedded and TiO2 immobilized on activated carbon (TiO2-P25/AC) was prepared by P25 powder modified sol-gel and dip-coated method. The photocatalysts were characterized by XRD, BET, SEM and their photocatalytic activities were evaluated through phenol degradation in a fluidized bed photoreactor. The addition of P25 in the photocatalysts could significantly enhance the photocatalytic activity, and the optimum loading of P25 was 3 g L−1. The operating parameter results indicated that the optimum pH for phenol degradation was 5.2; the effect of air flow rate gave an optimal value of 2 L min−1; the increasing of UV light intensity led to an increase of degradation efficiency due to more photons absorbed on the surface of the photocatalyst. The kinetics of the phenol degradation fitted well with the Langmuir-Hinshelwood kinetics model. Finally, the photocatalytic ability of TiO2-P25/AC was reduced only 10% after five cycles for phenol degradation.

Key words

TiO2-P25/AC Phenol Modified Sol-gel Photocatalytic Degradation Langmuir-Hinshelwood Model 


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Copyright information

© Korean Institute of Chemical Engineers, Seoul, Korea 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sze-Mun Lam
    • 1
  • Jin-Chung Sin
    • 1
  • Abdul Rahman Mohamed
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Chemical EngineeringUniversiti Sains Malaysia, Engineering CampusNibong Tebal, Pulau PinangMalaysia

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