Journal of Marine Science and Application

, Volume 16, Issue 3, pp 305–312 | Cite as

Study on unsteady hydrodynamic performance of propeller in waves

  • Qingxin Zhao (赵庆新)
  • Chunyu Guo (郭春雨)
  • Yumin Su (苏玉民)
  • Tian Liu (刘恬)
  • Xiangyin Meng (孟祥印)


The speed of a ship sailing in waves always slows down due to the decrease in efficiency of the propeller. So it is necessary and essential to analyze the unsteady hydrodynamic performance of propeller in waves. This paper is based on the numerical simulation and experimental research of hydrodynamics performance when the propeller is under wave conditions. Open-water propeller performance in calm water is calculated by commercial codes and the results are compared to experimental values to evaluate the accuracy of the numerical simulation method. The first-order Volume of Fluid (VOF) wave method in STAR CCM+ is utilized to simulate the three-dimensional numerical wave. According to the above prerequisite, the numerical calculation of hydrodynamic performance of the propeller under wave conditions is conducted, and the results reveal that both thrust and torque of the propeller under wave conditions reveal intense unsteady behavior. With the periodic variation of waves, ventilation, and even an effluent phenomenon appears on the propeller. Calculation results indicate, when ventilation or effluent appears, the numerical calculation model can capture the dynamic characteristics of the propeller accurately, thus providing a significant theory foundation for further studying the hydrodynamic performance of a propeller in waves.


propulsive performance ventilation phenomenon open water test wave condition unsteady characteristics 



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Copyright information

© Harbin Engineering University and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Qingxin Zhao (赵庆新)
    • 1
  • Chunyu Guo (郭春雨)
    • 1
  • Yumin Su (苏玉民)
    • 1
    • 2
  • Tian Liu (刘恬)
    • 1
  • Xiangyin Meng (孟祥印)
    • 3
  1. 1.College of Shipbuilding EngineeringHarbin Engineering UniversityHarbinChina
  2. 2.Science and Technology on Underwater Vehicle LaboratoryHarbin Engineering UniversityHarbinChina
  3. 3.School of Marine Science and TechnologyNewcastle UniversityNewcastleUK

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