Distant bottom reverberation in shallow water

  • Shi-e YangEmail author


The method of coupled mode is introduced for investigation of bi-static distant bottom reverberation of impulsive source in shallow water, which will not contradict with principle of reciprocity in all cases. And the method of multi-pole for directional source is also introduced. It shows that in case of layered medium, intensity of bi-static bottom reverberation will decease according to the cubic power of receiving time t, and the transverse spatial correlation of bottom reverberation is a little greater than longitudinal correlation for equal separation of receivers, and both vary in form with the receiving time.


shallow water bi-static bottom reverberation spatial correlation of reverberation 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Bucker HP, Morris HE (1968). Normal-mode reverberation in channels or ducts. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 44, 827–828.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Holland CW (2006). Constrained comparison of ocean waveguide reverberation theory and observation. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 120, 1922–1931.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Mackenzie KV (1962). Long-range shallow water bottom reverberation. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 34, 62–66.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Wang Dezhao, Shang Erchang (1981). Principles of Underwater Sound. Science Press, Beijing.Google Scholar
  5. Yang shie (1994). Principles of Underwater Acoustics propagation. Harbin Engineering University Press, Harbin.Google Scholar
  6. Zhou Jixun, Zhang Xuezhen (1977). Shallow water reverberation and small angle bottom scattering. Conference on Shallow Water Acoustics, Beijing, 315–322.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Harbin Engineering University and Springer Berlin Heidelberg 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.College of Underwater Acoustic EngineeringHarbin Engineering UniversityHarbinChina

Personalised recommendations