Field measurements for calibration of simplified models of the stiffening effect of infill masonry walls in high-rise RC framed and shear-wall buildings

  • Yun ZhouEmail author
  • Yilin Pei
  • Yi Zhou
  • Hyeon-Jong Hwang
  • Weijian Yi


As a type of nonstructural component, infill walls play a significant role in the seismic behavior of high-rise buildings. However, the stiffness of the infill wall is generally either ignored or considered by simplified empirical criteria that lead to a period shortening. The difference can be greatly decreased by using a structural identification methodology. In this study, an ambient vibration test was performed on four on-site reinforced concrete high-rise buildings, and the design results were compared with the PKPM models using corresponding finite element (FE) models. A diagonal strut model was used to simulate the behavior of the infill wall, and the identified modal parameters measured from the on-site test were employed to calibrate the parameters of the diagonal strut in the FE models. The SAP2000 models with calibrated elastic modulus were used to evaluate the seismic response in the elastic state. Based on the load-displacement relationship of the infill wall, nonlinear dynamic analysis models were built in PERFORM-3D and calibrated using the measured modal periods. The analysis results revealed that the structural performance under small/large earthquake records were both strengthened by infill walls, and the contribution of infill walls should be considered for better accuracy in the design process.


high-rise building ambient vibration test model calibration infill wall seismic performance nonlinear dynamic analysis 


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The authors sincerely appreciate the funding support provided to this research by the National Key Research and Development Program of China (No. 2016YFC0701400, 2016YFC0701308), the Key Research and Development Program of Hunan Province (No. 2017SK2220), and the National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC) (No. 51878264).


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Copyright information

© Institute of Engineering Mechanics, China Earthquake Administration 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yun Zhou
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
    Email author
  • Yilin Pei
    • 1
  • Yi Zhou
    • 1
  • Hyeon-Jong Hwang
    • 1
  • Weijian Yi
    • 1
  1. 1.College of Civil EngineeringHunan UniversityChangshaChina
  2. 2.Hunan Provincial Key Lab on Damage Diagnosis for Engineering StructuresHunan UniversityChangshaChina
  3. 3.Key Laboratory for Green & Advanced Civil Engineering Materials and Application Technology of Hunan ProvinceHunan UniversityChangshaChina

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