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On civil engineering disasters and their mitigation

  • Lili Xie
  • Zhe QuEmail author
Special Section: Tenth Anniversary of the 2008 Wenchuan Earthquake
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Tenth Anniversary of the 2008 Wenchuan Earthquake

Abstract

Civil engineering works such as buildings and infrastructure are the carriers of human civilization. They are, however, also the origins of various types of disasters, which are referred to in this paper as civil engineering disasters. This paper presents the concept of civil engineering disasters, their characteristics, classification, causes, and mitigation technologies. Civil engineering disasters are caused primarily by civil engineering defects, which are usually attributed to improper selection of construction site, hazard assessment, design and construction, occupancy, and maintenance. From this viewpoint, many so-called natural disasters such as earthquakes, strong winds, floods, landslides, and debris flows are substantially due to civil engineering defects rather than the actual natural hazards. Civil engineering disasters occur frequently and globally and are the most closely related to human beings among all disasters. This paper emphasizes that such disasters can be mitigated mainly through civil engineering measures, and outlines the related objectives and scientific and technological challenges.

Keywords

disaster hazard civil engineering disaster earthquake 

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Notes

Acknowledgement

This work was jointly sponsored by the Scientific Research Fund of Institute of Engineering Mechanics, China Earthquake Administration (2016A05), Earthquake Scientific Research Fund (201508023) and a grant from the National Natural Science Foundation of China (51478441).

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Copyright information

© Institute of Engineering Mechanics, China Earthquake Administration and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Key Laboratory of Earthquake Engineering and Engineering Vibration, Institute of Engineering MechanicsChina Earthquake AdministrationHarbinChina
  2. 2.Institute of Engineering MechanicsChina Earthquake AdministrationHarbinChina

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