Shake table tests of suspended ceilings to simulate the observed damage in the Ms7.0 Lushan earthquake, China

Article
  • 82 Downloads

Abstract

Severe damage to suspended ceilings of metal grids and lay-in panels was observed in public buildings during the 2013 Ms7.0 Lushan earthquake in China. Over the past several years, suspended ceilings have been widely used practice in public buildings throughout China, including government offices, schools and hospitals. To investigate the damage mechanism of suspended ceilings, a series of three-dimensional shake table tests was conducted to reproduce the observed damage. A full-scale reinforced concrete frame was constructed as the testing frame for the ceiling, which was single-story and infilled with brick masonry walls to represent the local construction of low-rise buildings. In general, the ceiling in the tests exhibited similar damage phenomena as the field observations, such as higher vulnerability of perimeter elements and extensive damage to the cross runners. However, it exhibited lower fragility in terms of peak ground/roof accelerations at the initiation of damage. Further investigations are needed to clarify the reasons for this behavior.

Keywords

suspended ceiling Lushan earthquake Wenchuan earthquake shake table test wall closure acoustic mineral fiber panel 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. ANCO (1983), Seismic Hazard Assessment of Nonstructural Ceiling Components-Phase I, ANCO Engineering, Inc. Culver City, CA.Google Scholar
  2. ASCE (2010), Minimum Design Loads for Buildings And Other Structures, ASCE/SEI Standard 7-10, American Society of Civil Engineers, Reston.Google Scholar
  3. Badillo-Almaraz H, Whittaker AS and Reinhorn AM (2007), “Seismic Fragility of Suspended Ceiling Systems,” Earthquake Spectra, 23(1): 21–40.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. China Earthquake Administration (CEA) (2013), Earthquake Intensity Map of M7.0 ‘4.20’Lushan Earthquake in Sichuan, Released on April 25. (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  5. China Institute of Building Standard Design and Research (CIBSDR) (2012), Indoor Decoration: Suspended Ceiling Inside, National Standard Design 12J502-2, Beijing, China Planning Press, pp. 60-113. (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  6. Earthquake Engineering Research Institute (EERI) (2013), The Mw 6.6 Earthquake of April 20, 2013, in Lushan, China, Learning from Earthquakes, Available at https://www.eeri.org/wpcontent-/uploads/Lushan- China-Earthquake-Report.pdf.Google Scholar
  7. Echevarria AA, Zaghi AE, Soroushian S and Maragakis EM (2012), “Seismic Fragility of Suspended Ceiling Systems,” 15th World Conference on Earthquake Engineering, in CD-ROM, Paper No.4325.Google Scholar
  8. Filiatrault A and Sullivan T (2014), “Performance-based Seismic Design of Nonstructural Building Components: The Next Frontier of Earthquake Engineering,” Earthquake Engineering and Engineering Vibration, 13(S1): 17–46. DOI: 10.1007/s11803-014-0238-9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. GB50011 (2010), Code for Seismic Design of Buildings, Beijing: China Architecture & Building Press. (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  10. GB50223 (2008), Standard for Classification of Seismic Protection of Building Construction, Beijing: China Architecture & Building Press. (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  11. GB/T 17742 (2008), The Chinese Seismic Intensity Scale, Beijing: China Standards Press. (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  12. Gilani A, Reinhorn A, Glasgow B, Lavan O and Miyamoto H (2010), “Earthquake Simulator Testing and Seismic Evaluation of Suspended Ceilings,” Journal of Architectural Engineering, ASCE, 16: 63–73.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. International Code Council (ICC) (2010), Acceptance Criteria for Seismic Qualification by Shake Table Testing of Nonstructural Components and Systems, Rep. No. ICC-ES AC156, ICC Evaluation Service, Inc., Whittier, Calif.Google Scholar
  14. Liu XJ and Jiang HJ (2013), “State-of-the-art of Performance-based Seismic Research on Nonstructural Components,” Journal of Earthquake Engineering and Engineering Vibration, 33(6): 53–62. (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  15. Magliulo G, Pentangelo V, Maddaloni G, Capozzi V, Petrone C, Lopez P, Talamonti R and Manfredi G (2012), “Shake Table Tests for Seismic Assessment of Suspended Continuous Ceilings,” Bulletin of Earthquake Engineering, 10(6): 1819–1832.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. McGuire RK (1978), “Seismic Ground Motion Parameter Relations,” Journal of the Geotechnical Engineering Division, ASCE, 104: 481–490.Google Scholar
  17. Pourali A, Dhakal RP, MacRae GA and Tasligedik AS (2015), “Shake Table Tests of Perimeter-fixed Type Suspended Ceilings,” New Zealand Society for Earthquake Engineering Annual Technical Conference, O-71: 648–659.Google Scholar
  18. Qu Z, Dutu A, Zhong JR and Sun JJ (2013), “Seismic Damage of Masonry Infilled Timber Houses in the 2013 M7.0 Lushan Earthquake in China,” Earthquake Spectra, 2015, 31(3): 1859–1874.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Rihal Satwant S and Granneman Gary (1984), “Experimental Investigation of the Dynamic Behavior of Building Partitions and Spended Ceilings during Earthquakes,” 8th World Conference on Earthquake Engineering, 5: 1135–1142.Google Scholar
  20. Soroushian S, Ryan KL, Maragakis M, Wieser J, Sasaki Soroushian S, Maragakis M and Jenkins C (2015a), “Axial Capacity Evaluation of Typical Suspended Ceiling Joints,” Earthquake Spectra, Online Preprint.Google Scholar
  21. Soroushian S, Rahmanishamsi E, Ryu KP, Maragakis M and Reinhorn AM (2015b), “Experimental Fragility Analysis of Suspension Ceiling Systems,” Earthquake Spectra, Online Preprint.Google Scholar
  22. Sato E, Okazaki T, Tedesco L, Zaghi AE, Mosqueda G and Alvarez D (2012), “NEES/E-Defense Tests: Seismic Performance of Ceiling/sprinkler Piping Nonstructural Systems in Base Isolated and Fixed Base Building,” 15th World Conference on Earthquake Engineering, in CD-ROM, Paper No.5101.Google Scholar
  23. Trifunac MD and Brady AG (1975), “A Study on the Duration of Strong Earthquake Ground Motion,” Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, 65(3): 581–626.Google Scholar
  24. Wang HL, and Mooney WD (2013), “A Field Assessment of the April 20, 2013, Mw = 6.6, Lushan, China, Earthquake,” Available at https://www.eeri.org/ wp-content/uploads/Mw6.6-Lushan-Earthquake-report1. pdf.Google Scholar
  25. Watakabe M, Inai S, Ishioka T, Iizuka S, Takai S and Kanagawa M (2012), “A Study on the Behavior of Seismically Engineered Ceiling Systems of Large Open Structures Subjected to Earthquake Excitations,” 15th World Conference on Earthquake Engineering, in CDROM, Paper No.2675.Google Scholar
  26. Xiong LH, Lan RQ, Wang YM, Tian XM and Feng B (2013), “Earthquake Damage Investigation of Structures in 7.0 Lushan Strong Earthquake,” Journal of Earthquake Engineering and Engineering Vibration, 33(4): 35–43. (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  27. Yao GC (2000), “Seismic Performance of Direct Hung Suspended Ceiling Systems,” Journal of Architectural Engineering, ASCE, 6(1): 6–11.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Zhao Bin, Taucer Fabio, Rossetto Tiziana (2009), “Field Investigation on the Performance of Building Structures during the 12 May 2008 Wenchuan Earthquake in China,” Engineering Structures, 31(8): 1707–1723.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Institute of Engineering Mechanics, China Earthquake Administration and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Key Laboratory of Earthquake Engineering and Engineering Vibration, Institute of Engineering MechanicsChina Earthquake AdministrationHarbinChina

Personalised recommendations