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Journal of Ocean University of China

, Volume 19, Issue 1, pp 143–150 | Cite as

Two New Species of Free-Living Marine Nematodes of the Desmodoridae from Mangrove Wetlands of Xiamen Bay, China

  • Xiping Zhou
  • Jiali Zeng
  • Lizhe CaiEmail author
  • Sujing Fu
  • Wenjuan Tan
Article
  • 6 Downloads

Abstract

Mangroves are unique in their biodiversity, but studies on their meiobenthic biodiversity in China are scarce. Despite the importance of mangroves, little work has been done on the classification of nematodes in mangrove wetlands. Fujian Province is the most northern point of China’s natural mangrove distribution, and it is also one of the provinces with the earliest constructed mangrove forest. In this paper, two new free-living marine nematode species of Desmodoridae from the Xiamen mangrove wetlands in China are described. Metachromadora xiamenensis sp. nov. is characterized by a cylindrical body, and smooth head capsule set off from the rest of the body. The cuticle is finely annulated and thickened at the midbody. Lateral ridges run from the posterior end of the pharynx to the middle of the tail. The amphid foveae is loop shaped and opens at the top with a double contour amphidial, pharynx with bipartite cuticularized internal cavity. There are 18 tubular precloacal supplements and tail with three small protuberances. Molgolaimus euryformis sp. nov. is characterized by a relatively short and plump body with finely annulated cuticle, which is particularly obvious in the tail. The head is small and wide with intensive striates. The inner and outer labial sensilla are indistinct with short spicules and ventral apophysis, a gubernaculum with a block-shaped hook, a swollen conical-cylindrical tail and an absence of precloacal supplements.

Key words

Metachromadora xiamenensis sp. nov. Molgolaimus euryformis sp. nov. free-living marine nematodes mangroves 

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Notes

Acknowledgements

This study was funded by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 41606119), the Provincial Natural Science Foundation of Fujian (No. 2017J05068), and the New Century Outstanding Talents Support Program for Institutions of Higher Learning in Fujian Province and Building Ecological Security for Urban Agglomeration and Integrating Ecological Restoration Techniques for Coastal Zones in Fujian River Deltas (No. 2016YFC0502900). The authors are also grateful to many postgraduates and undergraduates for their help during the field samplings and laboratory analysis. We are also very grateful to Prof. Yong Huang and Prof. Yuqing Guo for their help in the improving this manuscript respectively.

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Copyright information

© Ocean University of China, Science Press and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Xiping Zhou
    • 1
    • 2
  • Jiali Zeng
    • 1
    • 3
  • Lizhe Cai
    • 3
    • 4
    Email author
  • Sujing Fu
    • 3
    • 4
  • Wenjuan Tan
    • 3
    • 4
  1. 1.School of Environmental Science and EngineeringXiamen University Tan Kah Kee CollegeZhangzhouChina
  2. 2.Key Laboratory of Estuarine Ecological Security and Environmental HealthTan Kah Kee CollegeZhangzhouChina
  3. 3.College of the Environment and EcologyXiamen UniversityXiamenChina
  4. 4.Key Laboratory of the Ministry of Education for Coastal and Wetland EcosystemsXiamen UniversityXiamenChina

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