Journal of Ocean University of China

, Volume 15, Issue 4, pp 577–582 | Cite as

Statistical downscaling of IPCC sea surface wind and wind energy predictions for U.S. east coastal ocean, Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean Sea

  • Zhigang Yao
  • Zuo Xue
  • Ruoying He
  • Xianwen Bao
  • Jun Song


A multivariate statistical downscaling method is developed to produce regional, high-resolution, coastal surface wind fields based on the IPCC global model predictions for the U.S. east coastal ocean, the Gulf of Mexico (GOM), and the Caribbean Sea. The statistical relationship is built upon linear regressions between the empirical orthogonal function (EOF) spaces of a cross- calibrated, multi-platform, multi-instrument ocean surface wind velocity dataset (predictand) and the global NCEP wind reanalysis (predictor) over a 10 year period from 2000 to 2009. The statistical relationship is validated before applications and its effectiveness is confirmed by the good agreement between downscaled wind fields based on the NCEP reanalysis and in-situ surface wind measured at 16 National Data Buoy Center (NDBC) buoys in the U.S. east coastal ocean and the GOM during 1992–1999. The predictand-predictor relationship is applied to IPCC GFDL model output (2.0°×2.5°) of downscaled coastal wind at 0.25°×0.25° resolution. The temporal and spatial variability of future predicted wind speeds and wind energy potential over the study region are further quantified. It is shown that wind speed and power would significantly be reduced in the high CO2 climate scenario offshore of the mid-Atlantic and northeast U.S., with the speed falling to one quarter of its original value.


climate changes statistical downscaling surface winds 


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Copyright information

© Science Press, Ocean University of China and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Zhigang Yao
    • 1
    • 2
  • Zuo Xue
    • 2
    • 3
  • Ruoying He
    • 2
  • Xianwen Bao
    • 1
  • Jun Song
    • 4
  1. 1.Key Laboratory of Physical OceanographyOcean University of ChinaQingdaoP. R. China
  2. 2.Department of Marine, Earth and Atmospheric SciencesNorth Carolina State UniversityRaleighUSA
  3. 3.Department of Oceanography and Coastal SciencesLouisiana State UniversityBaton RougeUSA
  4. 4.National Marine Data and Information ServiceTianjinP. R. China

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