Journal of Ocean University of China

, Volume 12, Issue 1, pp 91–96 | Cite as

Coral reef recovery status in south Andaman Islands after the bleaching event 2010

  • N. MarimuthuEmail author
  • J. Jerald Wilson
  • N. V. Vinithkumar
  • R. Kirubagaran


The Andaman and Nicobar Islands are one of the Union Territories of India, located in the eastern part of the Bay of Bengal. In 2010 summer, the increment in sea surface water temperature (up to 34°C) resulted in the bleaching of about 74% to 77% of corals in the South Andaman. During this event, coral species such as Acropora cerealis, A. humilis, Montipora sp., Favia pallida, Diploastrea sp., Goniopora sp. Fungia concinna, Gardineroseries sp., Porites sp., Favites abdita and Lobophyllia robusta were severely affected. This study is to assess the recovery status of the reef ecosystem by estimating the percentage of Live Coral cover, Bleached coral cover, Dead coral with algae, Rubble, Sandy flat, Algal assemblage and other associated organisms. The sedimentation rate (mg cm−2 d−1) and coral coverage (%) were assessed during this study period. The average sedimentation rate was ranged between 0.27 and 0.89 mg cm−2 d−1. The observed post bleaching recovery of coral cover was 21.1% at Port Blair Bay and 13.29% at Havelock Island. The mortality rate of coral cover due to this bleaching was estimated as 2.05% at Port Blair Bay and 9.82% at Havelock Island. Once the sea water temperature resumed back to the normal condition, most of the corals were found recovered.

Key words

coral reef coral recovery coral bleaching sea surface temperature 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Arthur, R., 2000. Coral bleaching and mortality in three Indian reef regions during an El Niño Southern Oscillation event. Current Science, 79(12): 1723–1728.Google Scholar
  2. Baird, A. H., and Marshall, P. A., 1998. Mass bleaching of corals of Great Barrier Reefs. Coral Reefs, 17: 376.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Celliers, L., and Schleyer, H. M., 2002. Coral bleaching on high-latitude marginal reefs at Sodwana Bay, South Africa. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 44: 1380–1387.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Eakin, M., 2010. 2010 is bad year for coral reefs around the world.
  5. English, S., Wilkinson, C., and Baker, V. 1997. Survey Manual for Tropical Marine Resource. Australian Institute of Marine Sciences, Townsville, Australia, 390pp.Google Scholar
  6. IMD, 2010. Report on Rainfall Data for the Year 2010. India Meteorological Department, Port Blair, India, 12pp.Google Scholar
  7. Klinthong, W., and Yeemin, T., 2011. An analysis of in situ seawater temperature measurement at Similan Island during the 2010 coral bleaching event. 37th Congress on Science and Technology of Thailand, Bangkok, Thailand, 1–5.Google Scholar
  8. Krishnan, P., Roy, D. S., George, G., Srivastava, R. C., Anand, A., Murugesan, S., Kaliyamoorthy, M., Vikas, N., and Soundararajan, R., 2011. Elevated sea surface temperature during May 2010 induces mass bleaching of corals in the Andaman. Current Science, 100(1):111–117.Google Scholar
  9. Kumaraguru, A. K., 2000. Coral reefs in the Gulf of Mannar and the conservation strategies required. Ecology, Environment and Conservation, 6(1): 1–12.Google Scholar
  10. Kumaraguru, A. K., Jeyakumar, K., and Ramakritinan, C. M., 2003. Coral bleaching 2002 in the Palkbay, Southeast Coast of India. Current Science, 85(12): 1787–1793.Google Scholar
  11. Marimuthu, N., Dharani, G., Vinithkumar, N. V., Vijayakumaran, M., and Kirubagaran, R., 2011. Recovery status of sea anemones from bleaching event of 2010 in the Andaman waters. Current Science, 101(6): 734–736.Google Scholar
  12. Marimuthu, N., Wilson, J. J., and Kumaraguru, A. K., 2010. Reef status in the Mandapam group of Islands, Gulf of Mannar. Galaxea Journal of Coral Reef Studies, 12(2): 65–75.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. NOAA., 2011. Report on Sea Surface Temperature Through National Environmental Satellite, Data and Information Service.
  14. Pearson, R. G., 1981. Recovery and recolonization of coral reefs. Marine Ecology Progressive Series, 4: 105–122.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Ravindran, J., Raghukumar, C., and Raghukumar, S., 1999. Disease and stress-induced mortality of corals in Indian reefs and observations on bleaching of corals in the Andamans. Current Science, 76(2): 233–237.Google Scholar
  16. Sukresno, B., 2010. Empirical Orthogonal Functions (EOF) analysis of SST variability in Indonesian water concerning with ENSO and IOD. International Archives of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Science, 38(8): 116–121.Google Scholar
  17. Suresh, V. R., 1991. Studies on the coral reefs of Lakshadweep. Ph.D. Thesis. Cochin University of Science and Technology, India.Google Scholar
  18. Turner, J. R., Vousden, D., Klaus, R., Satyanarayana, C., Fenner, D., Venkataraman, K., Rajan, P. T., and Subba Rao, N. V., 2001. Remote sensing and rapid site assessment survey. In: Coral Reef Systems of the Andaman Island. Government of India and United Nations Development Programme, Global Environment Facility, 76pp.Google Scholar
  19. Vinoth, R., Gopi, M., Thipramalai Kumar, T. T. A., Thangaradjou, T., and Balasubramanian, T., 2012. Coral reef bleaching at Agatti Island of Lakshadweep atolls, India. Journal of Ocean University of China, 11(1): 105–110.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Wafar, M. V. M., 1990. Global warming and coral reefs. In: Sea Level Variation and Its Impact on Coastal Environment. Tamil University Publication, Tamilnadu, 131: 411–432.Google Scholar
  21. Wilson, J. J., Marimuthu, N., and Kumaraguru, A. K., 2005. Sedimentation of silt in the coral reef environment of southeast coast of India. Journal of Marine Biological Association of India, 47(1): 83–87.Google Scholar
  22. Winter, A., Appealdoorn, R. S., Bruckner, A., Williams, Jr. E. H., Goenaga, C., 1998. Sea surface temperatures and coral reef bleaching off La Peraguera, Puerto Rico (Northern Caribbean Sea). Coral Reefs, 17: 377–382.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Science Press, Ocean University of China and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • N. Marimuthu
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • J. Jerald Wilson
    • 1
  • N. V. Vinithkumar
    • 2
  • R. Kirubagaran
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Marine Biology, Faculty of Marine SciencesKing Abdulaziz UniversityJeddahKingdom of Saudi Arabia
  2. 2.Andaman and Nicobar Centre for Ocean Science and TechnologyNational Institute of Ocean Technology (Ministry of Earth Sciences, Govt. of India)DollygunjIndia
  3. 3.Marine BiotechnologyNational Institute of Ocean Technology (Ministry of Earth Sciences, Govt. of India)PallikaranaiIndia

Personalised recommendations