The occurrence of Ophiocnemis marmorata (Echinodermata: Ophiuroidea) associated with the rhizostome medusa Rhopilema hispidum (Cnidaria: Scyphozoa)

  • Govindan Kanagaraj
  • Pithchai Sampath Kumar
  • André C. Morandini
Article

Abstract

The association of scyphomedusae with invertebrates has been long known in the literature; especially with hyperiids amphipods. The association of echinoderms with jellyfish is not common and rarely recorded. We reported the association of the ophiuroid Ophiocnemis marmorata with the rhizostome scyphomedusa Rhopilema hispidum collected in Vellar estuary (on the southeast coast of India). O. marmorata is supposed to be a filter feeding ophiuroid, quite common in soft bottom of shallow waters. The brittle stars possibly seek for food supply, shelter and protection through the association.

Key words

association jellyfish brittle star India 

References

  1. Arai, M. N., 1997. A Functional Biology of Scyphozoa. Chapman and Hall, London, 300pp.Google Scholar
  2. Berggren, M., 1994. Periclimenes nomadophila and Tulearicaris sarec, two new species of pontoniine shrimps (Decapoda: Pontoniinae), from Inhaca Island Moçambique. J. Crustacean Biol., 14: 782–802.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Billett, D. S. M., B. J. Bett, C. L. Jacobs, I. P. Rouse, and B. D. Wigham, 2006. Mass deposition of jellyfish in the deep Arabian Sea. Limnol. Oceanog., 51(5): 2077–2083.Google Scholar
  4. Calder, D. R., 1973. Laboratory observations on the life history of Rhopilema verrilli (Scyphozoa: Rhizostomeae). Mar. Biol., 21: 109–114.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Cherbonnier, G., and A. Guille, 1978. Faune de Madagascar. 48 Echinodermes: Ophiuroides. Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Paris, 272pp.Google Scholar
  6. Clark, A. M., and F. W. E. Rowe, 1971. Monograph of the Shallow-water Indo-west Pacific Echinoderms. British Museum, Natural History, London, 238pp.Google Scholar
  7. Ding, G., and J. Chen, 1981. The life history of Rhopilema esculenta Kishinouye. J. Fish China, 5: 93–104 (in Chinese).Google Scholar
  8. Dittrich, B., 1992. Functional morphology of the mouth parts and feeding strategies of parasitic amphipod Hyperia galba (Montagu.1813). Sarsia, 77: 11–18.Google Scholar
  9. Forskål, P., 1775. Descriptiones animalium avium, amphibiorum, piscium, insectorum, vermium; quae in intinere orientali observavit Petrus Forskål, Copenhagen, Hauniae, 164pp.Google Scholar
  10. Fujita, T., and H. Namikawa, 2006. New observations of Ophiocnemis marmorata (Echinodermata: Ophiuroidea associated with Rhopilema esculentum (Cnidaria: Scyphozoa: Rhizostomeae) in the Philippines and Japan. Mem. Natl. Sci. Mus., 44: 31–37.Google Scholar
  11. Galil, B. S., E. Spanier, and W. W. Ferguson, 1990. The scyphomedusae of the Mediterranean coast of Israel, including two lessepsian migrants new to the Mediterranean. Zoologische Mededelingen, 64: 95–105.Google Scholar
  12. Harbison, G. R., D. C. Biggs, and L.P. Madin, 1977. The associations of Amphipoda Hyperiidea with gelatinous zooplankton-II. Associations with Cnidaria, Ctenophora and Radiolaria. Deep-Sea Res., 24: 465–488.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Kramp, P. L., 1961. Synopsis of the medusae of the world. J. Mar. Biol. Ass. U. K., 40: 7–469.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Lamarck, J. B. P. A. de, 1816. Histoire naturelle des animaux sans vertèbres. Verdière, Paris, Vol.2, 568pp.Google Scholar
  15. Laval, P., 1980. Hyperiid amphipods as crustacean parasitoids associated with gelatinous zooplankton. Oceanogr. Mar. Biol. Ann. Rev., 18: 11–56.Google Scholar
  16. Lima, M. G. C., and J. L. Valentin, 2001. New records of Amphipoda Hyperiidea with gelatinous zooplankton. Hydrobiologia, 448: 229–235.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Lotan, A., R. Ben-Hillel, and Y. Loya, 1992. Life cycle of Rhopilema nomadica: a new immigrant scyphomedusan in the Mediterranean. Mar. Biol., 112: 237–242.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Madin, L. P. and G. R. Harbison, 1977. The associations of Amphipoda Hyperiidea with gelatinous zooplankton. I. Associations with Salpidae. Deep-Sea Res., 24: 449–463.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Mansueti, R., 1963. Symbiotic behavior between small fishes and jellyfishes, with new data on that between the stromateid Peprilus alepidotus and the scyphomedusa Chrysaora quinquecirrha. Copeia, 1: 40–80.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Marsh, L. M., 1998. Hitch-hiking ophiuroids. In: Echinoderms: San Francisco. Mooi, R. J. and M. J. Telford, eds., Proceedings of the 9th International Echinoderm Conference, A. A. Bakelma, Rotterdam, 393–396.Google Scholar
  21. Menon, M. G. K., 1930. The scyphomedusae of Madras and the neighbouring coast. Bull. Madras Gov. Mus., 3(1): 1–26.Google Scholar
  22. Omori, M., and E. Nakano, 2001. Jellyfish fisheries in southeast Asia. Hydrobiologia, 451: 19–26.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Omori, M., and M. Kitamura, 2004. Taxonomic review of three Japanese species of edible jellyfish (Scyphozoa: Rhizosto-meae). Plankton Biol. Ecol., 51(1): 36–51.Google Scholar
  24. Panikkar, N. K., and R. R. Prasad, 1952. On an interesting association. of ophiuroids, fish and crab with the jellyfish Rhopilema hispidum. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc., 52(1): 295–296.Google Scholar
  25. Stewart, B., 1998. Can a snake star earn its keep? Feeding and cleaning behaviour in Astrobrachion constrictum (Farquhar) (Echinodermata: Ophiuroidea), a euryalid brittle-starliving in association with the black coral, Antipathes fiordensis (Grange, 1990). J. Exp. Mar. Biol. Ecol., 221: 173–189.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Thiel, M. E., 1976. Wirbellose Meerestiere als Parasiten, Kommensalen oder Symbionten in oder an Scyphomedusen. Helgoländer wissenschaftliche Meeresuntersuchungen, 28: 417–446.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Thurston, M. H., 1977. Depth distribution of Hyperia spinigera Bovallius, 1889 (Crustacea: Amphipoda) and medusae in the North Atlantic Ocean, with notes on the association between Hyperia and coelenterates. In: A Voyage of Discovery. Angel, M., ed., Pergamon Press Limited, Oxford, 499–536.Google Scholar
  28. You, K., C. Ma, H. Gao, F. Li, M. Zhang, Y. Qiu, et al., 2007. Research on the jellyfish (Rhopilema esculentum Kishinouye) and associated aquaculture techniques in China: current status. Aquacul. Intern., 15: 479–488.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Young, J. W., and D. T. Anderson, 1987. Hyperiidea amphipods (Crustacea; peracarida) from a warm-core eddy in the Tasman Sea. Aust. J. Mar. Freshw. Res., 38: 711–725.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Vader, W., 1983. Associations between amphipods (Crustacea: Amphipoda) and sea anemones (Anthozoa: Actinaria). Memories Aust. Museum, 18: 141–153.Google Scholar
  31. Vanhöffen, E., 1888. Untersuchungen über semäostome und rhizostome Medusen. Bibliotheca Zoologica, 1: 5–52.Google Scholar
  32. Warner, G., 1982. Food and Feeding Mechanisms: Ophiuroidea. In: Echinoderm nutrition. Jangoux, M., and Lawrence, J. M., eds., A. A. Bakelma, Rotterdam, 161–181.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Science Press, Ocean University of China and Springer-Verlag GmbH 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Govindan Kanagaraj
    • 1
  • Pithchai Sampath Kumar
    • 1
  • André C. Morandini
    • 2
  1. 1.Center of Advanced Study in Marine BiologyAnnamalai UniversityPortonovoIndia
  2. 2.Nucleus of Ecology and Social-Environmental Development of Macaé (NUPEM/UFRJ)Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ)MacaéBrazil

Personalised recommendations