Mathematics in Computer Science

, Volume 2, Issue 2, pp 231–251 | Cite as

ATP-based Cross-Verification of Mizar Proofs: Method, Systems, and First Experiments

  • Josef UrbanEmail author
  • Geoff Sutcliffe


Mizar is a proof assistant used for formalization and mechanical verification of mathematics. The main use of Mizar is in the development of the Mizar Mathematical Library (MML), in which proofs are verified by the Mizar proof checker. The Mizar proof checker has a quite complex implementation, and also lacks the ability to print out detailed atomic proof steps in a format that is easy to verify with an independent proof-checking tool. This can raise concerns about the correctness of the MML. This paper describes a translation of Mizar natural-deduction proofs to the TPTP format used for recording derivations from first-order automated theorem proving systems, and verification of the resulting TPTP format derivations. The system was tested on two nontrivial sets of Mizar problems: the 252 “MPTP Challenge” problems, and 245 Mizar root theorems. The results of these tests are encouraging, and indicate that cross-verification of the whole MML is feasible.

Mathematics Subject Classification (2000).

Primary 03E99 Secondary 68T15 


Formalized mathematics automated reasoning verification 


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Copyright information

© Birkhäuser Verlag Basel/Switzerland 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Theoretical Computer Science and Mathematical Logic, Faculty of Mathematics and PhysicsCharles UniversityPraha 1Czech Republic
  2. 2.Department of Computer ScienceUniversity of MiamiCoral GablesUSA

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