Advertisement

Effective removal of Cd2+ and Pb2+ pollutants from wastewater by dielectrophoresis-assisted adsorption

  • Qinghao Jin
  • Chenyang Cui
  • Huiying Chen
  • Jing Wu
  • Jing Hu
  • Xuan Xing
  • Junfeng Geng
  • Yanhong Wu
Research Article
  • 4 Downloads

Abstract

Dielectrophoresis (DEP) was combined with adsorption (ADS) to simultaneously and effectively remove Cd2+ and Pb2+ species from aqueous solution. To implement the process, bentonite particles of submicro-meter size were used to first adsorb the heavy metal ions. These particles were subsequently trapped and removed by DEP. The effects of the adsorbent dosage, DEP cell voltage and the capture pool numbers on the removal rate were investigated in batch processes, which allowed us to determine the optimal experimental conditions. The high removal efficiency, 97.3% and 99.9% for Cd2+ and Pb2+, respectively, were achieved when the ions are coexisting in the system. The microstructure of bentonite particles before and after ADS/DEP was examined by scanning electron microscopy. Our results suggest that the dielectrophoresis-assisted adsorption method has a high capability to remove the heavy metals from wastewater.

Keywords

Adsorption Dielectrophoresis Heavy metals Cadmium Lead Wastewater 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by the National Major Science and Technology Program for Water Pollution Control and Treatment (No. 2017ZX07101-002), the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (No. 2016SHXY06) and the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 51609271).

References

  1. Altaş L, Balkaya N, Cesur H (2017). Pb(II) removal from aqueous solution and industrial wastewater by raw and lime-conditioned phosphogypsum. International Journal of Environmental of Research, 11(2): 1–13Google Scholar
  2. Anirudhan T S, Radhakrishnan P G (2009). Kinetic and equilibrium modelling of Cadmium(II) ions sorption onto polymerized tamarind fruit shell. Desalination, 249(3): 1298–1307CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Anwar J, Shafique U, Waheed-uz-Zaman Salman M, Dar A, Anwar S (2010). Removal of Pb(II) and Cd(II) from water by adsorption on peels of banana. Bioresource Technology, 101(6): 1752–1755CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Batton J, Kadaksham A J, Nzihou A, Singh P, Aubry N (2007). Trapping heavy metals by using calcium hydroxyapatite and dielectrophoresis. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 139(3): 461–466CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Bedoui K, Bekri-Abbes I, Srasra E (2008). Removal of cadmium (II) from aqueous solution using pure smectite and Lewatite S 100: The effect of time and metal concentration. Desalination, 223(1): 269–273CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Bisceglia E, Cubizolles M, Trainito C I, Berthier J, Pudda C, Français O, Mallard F, Le Pioufle B (2015). A generic and label free method based on dielectrophoresis for the continuous separation of microorganism from whole blood samples. Sensors and Actuators. B, Chemical, 212: 335–343Google Scholar
  7. Copello G J, Diaz L E, Campo Dall’ Orto V (2012). Adsorption of Cd(II) and Pb(II) onto a one step-synthesized polyampholyte: Kinetics and equilibrium studies. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 217-218(3): 374–381CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Cui C, Chen H, Lan B, Zhang L, Ma R, Geng J, Li H, Hu J (2015). Controlled synthesis of TiO2 using a combined sol gel and dielectrophoresis method. CrystEngComm, 17(20): 3763–3767CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Cui C, Chen H, Zuo T, Fu X, Chen L, Geng J, Li H, Xing X (2016). Controllable synthesis of TiO2 nanoparticles employing substrate/dielectrophoresis/sol-gel. Crystal Research and Technology, 51(1): 94–98CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Filatova E G (2016). Optimization of electrocoagulation technology of purifying wastewaters of ions of heavy metals. Journal of Water Chemistry and Technology, 38(3): 167–172CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Gao R, Zhu P, Guo G, Hu H, Zhu J, Fu Q (2016). Efficiency of several leaching reagents on removal of Cu, Pb, Cd, and Zn from highly contaminated paddy soil. Environmental Science and Pollution Research International, 23(22): 23271–23280CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Goyer R A (1993). Lead toxicity: Current concerns. Environmental Health Perspectives, 100(4): 177–187CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Hu J, Chen H, Lan B, Geng J, Li H, Xing X (2015). A dielectrophoresisassisted adsorption approach significantly facilitates the removal of cadmium species from wastewater. Environmental Science Water Research & Technology, 1(2), 199–203CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Kazi T G, Jalbani N, Kazi N, Jamali M K, Arain M B, Afridi H I, Kandhro A, Pirzado Z (2008). Evaluation of toxic metals in blood and urine samples of chronic renal failure patients, before and after dialysis. Renal Failure, 30(7): 737–745CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Kumar P S, Ramalingam S, Sathyaselvabala V, Kirupha S D, Murugesan A, Sivanesan S (2012). Removal of cadmium(II) from aqueous solution by agricultural waste cashew nut shell. Korean Journal of Chemical Engineering, 29(6): 756–768CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Lungu M, Neculae A, Lungu A (2015). Positive dielectrophoresis used for selective trapping of nanoparticles from flue gas in a gradient field electrodes device. Journal of Nanoparticle Research, 17(12): 1–14CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Mahmoodulhassan M, Suthor V, Rafique E, Yasin M (2015). Removal of Cd, Cr, and Pb from aqueous solution by unmodified and modified agricultural wastes. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 187 (2): 1–8CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Martinez-Duarte R (2012). Microfabrication technologies in dielectrophoresis applications—A review. Electrophoresis, 33(21): 3110–3132CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Maturana H A, Peric I M, Rivas B L, Pooley S A (2011). Interaction of heavy metal ions with an ion exchange resin obtained from a natural polyelectrolyte. Polymer Bulletin, 67(4): 669–676CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Mohammadi S Z, Karimi MA, Afzali D, Mansouri F (2010). Removal of Pb(II) from aqueous solutions using activated carbon from sea-buckthorn stones by chemical activation. Desalination, 262(1–3): 86–93CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Mouni L, Merabet D, Bouzaza A, Belkhiri L (2013). Adsorption of Pb (II) from aqueous solutions using activated carbon developed from apricot stone. Desalination, 276(1): 148–153Google Scholar
  22. Peng H, Ji X, Wei W, Bocharnikova E, Matichenkov V (2017). As and Cd sorption on selected Si-rich substances. Water, Air, and Soil Pollution, 228(8): 288CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Pohl H A (1978). Dielectrophoresis: The behavior of neutral matter in nonuniform electric fields. Cambridge: University of CambridgeGoogle Scholar
  24. Pronce-Lira B, Otazo-Sánchez E M, Reguera E, Acevedo-Sandoval O A, Prieto-García F, González-Ramírez C A (2017). Lead removal from aqueous solution by basaltic scoria: Adsorption equilibrium and kinetics. International Journal of Environmental Science and Technology, 6(6): 1–16Google Scholar
  25. Rafatullah M, Sulaiman O, Hashim R, Ahmad A (2012). Removal of cadmium (II) from aqueous solutions by adsorption using meranti wood. Wood Science and Technology, 46(1–3): 221–241CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Rao R A K, Kashifuddin M (2014). Kinetics and isotherm studies of Cd (II) adsorption from aqueous solution utilizing seeds of bottlebrush plant (Callistemon chisholmii). Applied Water Science, 4(4): 371–383CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Tonini G A, Ruotolo L A M (2016). Heavy metal removal from simulated wastewater using electrochemical technology: Optimization of copper electrodeposition in a membraneless fluidized bed electrode. Clean Technologies and Environmental Policy, 19(2): 1–13Google Scholar
  28. Wakizaka Y, Hakoda M, Shiragami N (2004). Effect of electrode geometry on dielectrophoretic separation of cells. Biochemical Engineering Journal, 20(1): 13–19CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Yuan L, Liu Y (2013). Removal of Pb(II) and Zn(II) from aqueous solution by ceramisite prepared by sintering bentonite, iron powder and activated carbon. Chemical Engineering Journal, 215(2): 432–439CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Zhu C, Dong X, Chen Z, Naidu R (2016). Adsorption of aqueous Pb(II), Cu(II), Zn(II) ions by amorphous tin(VI) hydrogen phosphate: An excellent inorganic adsorbent. International Journal of Environmental Science and Technology, 13(5): 1257–1268CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Higher Education Press and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Qinghao Jin
    • 1
    • 2
  • Chenyang Cui
    • 1
    • 2
  • Huiying Chen
    • 1
    • 2
  • Jing Wu
    • 1
    • 2
  • Jing Hu
    • 1
    • 2
  • Xuan Xing
    • 1
    • 2
  • Junfeng Geng
    • 3
  • Yanhong Wu
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.College of Life and Environmental ScienceMinzu University of ChinaBeijingChina
  2. 2.Beijing Engineering Research Center of Food Environment and Public HealthMinzu University of ChinaBeijingChina
  3. 3.Institute for Materials Research and Innovation, Institute for Renewable Energy and Environmental TechnologiesUniversity of BoltonBoltonUK

Personalised recommendations