Advertisement

Frontiers of Environmental Science & Engineering

, Volume 9, Issue 6, pp 1084–1095 | Cite as

Microbial electrolysis cells with biocathodes and driven by microbial fuel cells for simultaneous enhanced Co(II) and Cu(II) removal

  • Jingya Shen
  • Yuliang Sun
  • Liping Huang
  • Jinhui Yang
Research Article

Abstract

Cobalt and copper recovery from aqueous Co (II) and Cu(II) is one critical step for cobalt and copper wastewaters treatment. Previous tests have primarily examined Cu(II) and Co(II) removal in microbial electrolysis cells (MECs) with abiotic cathodes and driven by microbial fuel cell (MFCs). However, Cu(II) and Co(II) removal rates were still slow. Here we report MECs with biocathodes and driven by MFCs where enhanced removal rates of 6.0±0.2 mg·L–1·h–1 for Cu(II) at an initial concentration of 50 mg·L–1 and 5.3±0.4 mg·L–1 h–1 for Co(II) at an initial 40 mg·L–1 were achieved, 1.7 times and 3.3 times as high as those in MECs with abiotic cathodes and driven by MFCs. Species of Cu(II) was reduced to pure copper on the cathodes of MFCs whereas Co(II) was removed associated with microorganisms on the cathodes of the connected MECs. Higher Cu(II) concentrations and smaller working volumes in the cathode chambers of MFCs further improved removal rates of Cu(II) (115.7 mg·L–1·h–1) and Co(II) (6.4 mg·L–1·h–1) with concomitantly achieving hydrogen generation (0.05±0.00 mol·moL–1 COD). Phylogenetic analysis on the biocathodes indicates Proteobacteria dominantly accounted for 67.9% of the total reads, followed by Firmicutes (14.0%), Bacteroidetes (6.1%), Tenericutes (2.5%), Lentisphaerae (1.4%), and Synergistetes (1.0%). This study provides a beneficial attempt to achieve simultaneous enhanced Cu(II) and Co(II) removal, and efficient Cu(II) and Co(II) wastewaters treatment without any external energy consumption.

Keywords

biocathode microbial electrolysis cell microbial fuel cell Cu(II) removal Co(II) removal 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Supplementary material

11783_2015_805_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (662 kb)
Supplementary material, approximately 236 KB.

References

  1. 1.
    FreitasMB J G, Celante V G, Pietre MK. Electrochemical recovery of cobalt and copper from spent Li-ion batteries as multilayer deposits. Journal of Power Sources, 2010, 195(10): 3309–3315CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Tao H C, Liang M, Li W, Zhang L J, Ni J R, Wu W M. Removal of copper from aqueous solution by electrodeposition in cathode chamber of microbial fuel cell. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 2011, 189(1–2): 186–192CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Jiang L, Huang L, Sun Y. Recovery of flakey cobalt from aqueous Co(II) with simultaneous hydrogen production in microbial electrolysis cells. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 2014, 39(2): 654–663CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Li W, Yu H, He Z. Towards sustainable wastewater treatment by using microbial fuel cells-centered technologies. Energy & Environmental Science, 2014, 7(3): 911–924CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Modin O, Wang X, Wu X, Rauch S, Fedje K K. Bioelectrochemical recovery of Cu, Pb, Cd, and Zn from dilute solutions. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 2012, 235–236: 291–297CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Tao H C, Lei T, Shi G, Sun X N, Wei X Y, Zhang L J, Wu W M. Removal of heavy metals from fly ash leachate using combined bioelectrochemical systems and electrolysis. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 2014, 264: 1–7CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Luo H, Liu G, Zhang R, Bai Y, Fu S, Hou Y. Heavy metal recovery combined with H2 production from artificial acid mine drainage using the microbial electrolysis cell. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 2014, 270: 153–159CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Luo H, Qin B, Liu G, Zhang R, Tang Y, Hou Y. Selective recovery of Cu2+ and Ni2+ from wastewater using bioelectrochemical system. Frontiers of Environmental Science & Engineering, 2015, 9 (3): 522–527.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Wu D, Pan Y, Huang L, Quan X, Yang J. Comparison of Co(II) reduction on three different cathodes of microbial electrolysis cells driven by Cu(II)-reduced microbial fuel cells under various cathode volume conditions. Chemical Engineering Journal, 2015, 266: 121–132CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Wu D, Pan Y, Huang L, Zhou P, Quan X, Chen H. Complete separation of Cu(II), Co(II) and Li(I) using self-driven MFCs-MECs with stainless steel mesh cathodes under continuous flow conditions. Separation and Purification Technology, 2015, 147: 114–124CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Rosenbaum M A, Franks A E. Microbial catalysis in bioelectrochemical technologies: status quo, challenges and perspectives. Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology, 2014, 98(2): 509–518CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Wang A, Cheng H, Ren N, Cui D, Lin N, Wu W. Sediment microbial fuel cell with floating biocathode for organic removal and energy recovery. Frontiers of Environmental Science & Engineering, 2012, 6(4): 569–574CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Xia X, Sun Y, Liang P, Huang X. Long-term effect of set potential on biocathodes in microbial fuel cells: electrochemical and phylogenetic characterization. Bioresource Technology, 2012, 120: 26–33CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Huang L, Regan J M, Quan X. Electron transfer mechanisms, new applications, and performance of biocathode microbial fuel cells. Bioresource Technology, 2011, 102(1): 316–323CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Wang Y, Liu X, Li W, Li F, Wang Y, Sheng G, Zeng R, Yu H. A microbial fuel cell-membrane bioreactor integrated system for cost-effective wastewater treatment. Applied Energy, 2012, 98: 230–235CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Fradler K R, Michie I, Dinsdale R M, Guwy A J, Premier G C. Augmenting microbial fuel cell power by coupling with supported liquid membrane permeation for zinc recovery. Water Research, 2014, 55: 115–125CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Huang L, Yao B, Wu D, Quan X. Complete cobalt recovery from lithium cobalt oxide in self-driven microbial fuel cell-microbial electrolysis cell systems. Journal of Power Sources, 2014, 259: 54–64CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Huang L, Chai X, Chen G, Logan B E. Effect of set potential on hexavalent chromium reduction and electricity generation from biocathode microbial fuel cells. Environmental Science & Technology, 2011, 45(11): 5025–5031CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Wang A J, Cheng H Y, Liang B, Ren N Q, Cui D, Lin N, Kim B H, Rabaey K. Efficient reduction of nitrobenzene to aniline with a biocatalyzed cathode. Environmental Science & Technology, 2011, 45(23): 10186–10193CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Zhang G, Zhao Q, Jiao Y, Zhang J, Jiang J, Ren N, Kim B H. Improved performance of microbial fuel cell using combination biocathode of graphite fiber brush and graphite granules. Journal of Power Sources, 2011, 196(15): 6036–6041CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Huang L, Chai X, Quan X, Logan B E, Chen G. Reductive dechlorination and mineralization of pentachlorophenol in biocathode microbial fuel cells. Bioresource Technology, 2012, 111: 167–174CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Liang P, Wei J, Li M, Huang X. Scaling up a novel denitrifying microbial fuel cell with an oxic-anoxic two stage biocathode. Frontiers of Environmental Science & Engineering, 2013, 7(6): 913–919CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Fan Y, Hu H, Liu H. Enhanced Coulombic efficiency and power density of air-cathode microbial fuel cells with an improved cell configuration. Journal of Power Sources, 2007, 171(2): 348–354CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Fan Y, Han S K, Liu H. Improved performance of CEA microbial fuel cells with increased reactor size. Energy & Environmental Science, 2012, 5(8): 8273–8280CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Logan B E. Essential data and techniques for conducting microbial fuel cell and other types of bioelectrochemical system experiments. ChemSusChem, 2012, 5(6): 988–994CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Zhang Y, Yu L, Wu D, Huang L, Zhou P, Quan X, Chen G. Dependency of simultaneous Cr(VI), Cu(II) and Cd(II) reduction on the cathodes of microbial electrolysis cells self-driven by microbial fuel cells. Journal of Power Sources, 2015, 273: 1103–1113CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Varia J, Martínez S S, Orta S V, Bull S, Roy S. Bioelectrochemical metal remediation and recovery of Au3+, Co2+ and Fe3+ metalions. Electrochimica Acta, 2013, 95: 125–131CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Batlle-Vilanova P, Puig S, Gonzalez-Olmos R, Vilajeliu-Pons A, Bañeras L, Balaguer M D, Colprim J. Assessment of biotic and abiotic graphite cathodes for hydrogen production in microbial electrolysis cells. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 2014, 39(3): 1297–1305CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Sharma M, Bajracharya S, Gildemyn S, Patil S A, Alvarez-Gallego Y, Pant D, Rabaey K, Dominguez-Benetton X. A critical revisit of the key parameters used to describe microbial electrochemical systems. Electrochimica Acta, 2014, 140: 191–208CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Harnisch F, Freguia S. A basic tutorial on cyclic voltammetry for the investigation of electroactive microbial biofilms. Chemistry, an Asian Journal, 2012, 7(3): 466–475CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Huang L, Liu Y, Yu L, Quan X, Chen G. A new clean approach for production of cobalt dihydroxide from aqueous Co(II) using oxygen-reducing biocathode microbial fuel cells. Journal of Cleaner Production, 2015, 86: 441–446CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Huang L, Shi Y, Wang N, Dong Y. Anaerobic/aerobic conditions and biostimulation for enhanced chlorophenols degradation in biocathode microbial fuel cells. Biodegradation, 2014, 25(4): 615–632CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Silva-Martínez S, Roy S. Copper recovery from tin stripping solution: Galvanostatic deposition in a batch-recycle system. Separation and Purification Technology, 2013, 118: 6–12CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Cheng S A, Wang B S, Wang Y H. Increasing efficiencies of microbial fuel cells for collaborative treatment of copper and organic wastewater by designing reactor and selecting operating parameters. Bioresource Technology, 2013, 147: 332–337CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Liao L, Xu X W, Jiang X W, Wang C S, Zhang D S, Ni J Y, Wu M. Microbial diversity in deep-sea sediment from the cobalt-rich crust deposit region in the Pacific Ocean. FEMS Microbiology Ecology, 2011, 78(3): 565–585CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Higher Education Press and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jingya Shen
    • 1
  • Yuliang Sun
    • 1
  • Liping Huang
    • 1
  • Jinhui Yang
    • 2
  1. 1.Key Laboratory of Industrial Ecology and Environmental Engineering (Ministry of Education), School of Environmental Science and TechnologyDalian University of TechnologyDalianChina
  2. 2.Experiment Center of ChemistryDalian University of TechnologyDalianChina

Personalised recommendations