Coupled aerobic and anoxic biodegradation for quinoline and nitrogen removals

  • Ning Yan
  • Lu Wang
  • Ling Chang
  • Cuiyi Zhang
  • Yang Zhou
  • Yongming Zhang
  • Bruce E. Rittmann
Research Article


Quinoline (C9H7N) commonly occurs in wastewaters from the chemical, pharmaceutical, and dyeing industries. As quinoline is biodegraded, nitrogen is released as ammonium. Total-N removal requires that the ammonium-N be nitrified and then denitrified. The objective of this study was to couple quinoline biodegradation with total-N removal. In a proof-of-concept step, activated sludge was sequenced from aerobic to anoxic stages. The ammonium nitrogen released from quinoline biodegradation in the aerobic stage was nitrified to nitrate in parallel. Anoxic biodegradation of the aerobic effluent then brought about nitrogen and COD removals through denitrification. Then, simultaneous quinoline biodegradation and total-N removal were demonstrated in a novel airlift internal loop biofilm reactor (AILBR) having aerobic and anoxic zones. Experimental results showed that the AILBR could achieve complete removal of quinoline, 91% COD removal, and 85% total-N removal when glucose added as a supplemental electron donor once nitrate was formed.


Quinoline biofilm reactor biodegradation denitrification 


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Copyright information

© Higher Education Press and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ning Yan
    • 1
  • Lu Wang
    • 1
  • Ling Chang
    • 1
  • Cuiyi Zhang
    • 1
  • Yang Zhou
    • 1
  • Yongming Zhang
    • 1
  • Bruce E. Rittmann
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Environmental Science and Engineering, College of Life and Environmental ScienceShanghai Normal UniversityShanghaiChina
  2. 2.Swette Center for Environmental Biotechnology, Biodesign InstituteArizona State UniversityTempeUSA

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