Frontiers of Environmental Science & Engineering

, Volume 6, Issue 6, pp 860–868

The influencing factors of the WTP for the risk reduction of chemical industry accidents in China

  • Lei Huang
  • Zhijuan Shao
  • Weiliang Bao
  • Bailing Duan
  • Jun Bi
  • Zengwei Yuan
Research Article

DOI: 10.1007/s11783-012-0467-y

Cite this article as:
Huang, L., Shao, Z., Bao, W. et al. Front. Environ. Sci. Eng. (2012) 6: 860. doi:10.1007/s11783-012-0467-y

Abstract

To explore the factors that influence respondents’ willingness to pay (WTP) for the risk reduction of chemical industry accidents, a questionnaire survey combined with contingent valuation and psychometric paradigm methods were conducted in the city of Yancheng, Jiangsu Province, China. Both traditional socioeconomic variables and perceived characteristics of the hazards were considered in this study, and a Tobit model was used to find the factors influencing WTP under three risk reduction scenarios. The results showed that three demographic characteristics, age, gender, and income, significantly affected the WTP for chemical risk reduction. In addition, three extracted public risk perception factors, effect, knowledge, and trust, also strongly affected the WTP. The mean WTP value increased as the magnitude of the risk reduction increased. The number of factors influencing the WTP decreased as the reduction level improved, and only the effect factor had a significant influence on the WTP for a higher level (80%) of risk reduction. The cost for chemical safety management of Yancheng was calculated, and the optimized risk reduction level was determined. These findings can assist governments and policy makers to formulate suitable strategies for risk control, to reach target groups of people to develop effective communication, and to provide specific references for the best investment for the security of local residents.

Keywords

risk perception willingness to pay contingent valuation method risk management school of the environment 

Copyright information

© Higher Education Press and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lei Huang
    • 1
  • Zhijuan Shao
    • 1
  • Weiliang Bao
    • 1
  • Bailing Duan
    • 1
  • Jun Bi
    • 1
  • Zengwei Yuan
    • 1
  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Pollution Control & Resource Reuse, School of EnvironmentNanjing UniversityNanjingChina

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