Journal of Central South University

, Volume 26, Issue 12, pp 3470–3487 | Cite as

Origin of Early Creceouscalc-alkaline granite, Taxkorgan: Implications for evolution of Tethys evolution in central Pamir

  • Rui-hua Li (李睿华)
  • Bo Peng (彭勃)Email author
  • Cai-sheng Zhao (赵财胜)
  • Miao Yu (于淼)
  • Lin-shan Song (宋林山)
  • Han Zhang (张晗)


The Pamir plateau may have been a westward continuation of Tibet plateau. Meanwhile, the Rushan-Pshart suture is correlative to the Bangong-Nujiang suture of Tibet, and the Central Pamir is the lateral equivalent of the Qiangtang Block. We present the first detailed LA-ICPMS zircon U-Pb chronology, major and trace element, and Lu-Hf isotope geochemistry of Taxkorgan two-mica monzogranite to illuminate the Tethys evolution in central Pamir. LA-ICPMS zircon U-Pb dating shows that two-mica monzogranite is emplaced in the Cretaceous (118 Ma). Its geochemical features are similar to S-type granite, with enrichment in LREEs and negative Ba, Sr, Zr and Ti anomalies. All the samples show negative zircon εHf(t) values ranging from −17.0 to −12.5 (mean −14.5), corresponding to crustal Hf model (TDM2) ages of 1906 to 2169 Ma. It is inferred that these granitoids are derived from partial melting of peliticmetasedimentary rocks analogous to the Paleoproterozoic Bulunkuole Group, predominantly with muscovite schists component. Based on the petrological and geochemical data presented above, together with the regional geology, this work provides new insights that Bangong-Nujiang Ocean closed in Early Cretaceous(120–114 Ma).

Key words

Tethys ocean Pamir plateau S-type granite Early Cretaceous tectono-magmatism Geochronology and petrogenesis 



帕米尔高原作为青藏高原的西延,Rushan-Pshart 缝合带对应青藏高原的班公湖-怒江缝合带, 中帕米尔地块即为羌塘板块的西向延伸部分。本文对塔什库尔干二云母二长花岗岩进行了详细的 LA-ICPMS 锆石U-Pb 年代学, 岩石地球化学和Lu-Hf 同位素分析,阐明了中帕米尔构造结的特提斯演 化。 LA-ICPMS 锆石U-Pb 定年结果显示,二云母二长花岗岩形成于早白垩世(118 Ma)。地球化学特 征与S 型花岗岩相似,富集LREEs,亏损Ba,Sr,Zr,Ti。锆石样品全部显示负的εHf(t),范围介于 −17.0∼−12.5(平均值−14.5),对应的二阶段模式年龄(TDM2)为1906∼2169 Ma。上述地球化学特征表明该 花岗岩形成于部分熔融的古元古代布伦阔勒群泥质变质碎屑岩,主要由白云母片岩组成。鉴于上述岩 石成因与地球化学数据,综合区域地质,本文进一步限定了中帕米尔地区班公湖-怒江洋闭合时代为 早白垩世(120∼114 Ma)。


特提斯洋 帕米尔高原 S 型花岗岩 早白垩世构造岩浆作用 年代学和岩石成因 


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The authors would like to thank the project partners of Xikaimining company and Geological Research Academy of Xinjiang for their valuable support during the fieldwork.


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Copyright information

© Central South University Press and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.MNR Key Laboratory of Metallogeny and Mineral Assessment, Institute of Mineral ResourcesCAGSBeijingChina
  2. 2.School of Earth and Space SciencesPeking UniversityBeijingChina
  3. 3.Technology and International Cooperation DivisionMinistry of Nature Resources of China (MLR)BeijingChina
  4. 4.Key Laboratory of Metallogenic Prediction of Nonferrous Metals and Geological Environment Monitoring, Ministry of Education, School of Geosciences and Info-PhysicsCentral South UniversityChangshaChina
  5. 5.Geological Research Academy of XinjiangUrumqiChina
  6. 6.Yanduzhongshi Geological Analysis Laboratories Ltd.BeijingChina

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