Advertisement

Journal of Central South University

, Volume 26, Issue 1, pp 146–157 | Cite as

Adsorption removal of endosulfan through Saccharum officinarum derived activated carbon from selected soils

  • Khuram Shahzad AhmadEmail author
Article
  • 9 Downloads

Abstract

Pesticide contamination causes precarious implications on human health and environment. Thus the investigation of its sorption phenomenon is highly imperative. Endosulfan insecticide was examined for its adsorption behavior on ten assorted soils through batch equilibrium method. Adsorption coefficient values (Kd) ranged from 1.4 μg/mL to 18 μg/mL. The highest Kd value was obtained for Peshawar soil owing to the presence of highest amount of organic matter (1.4%). Negative values of Gibbs free energy displayed a low interaction between soil and pesticide, exhibiting that the reaction was physiosorption and exothermic in nature. Statistical analysis showed a negative correlation of soil pH and Kd (R2=–0.77 and p=0.03) and a positive correlation with organic matter (R2=0.96). Activated carbon prepared from Saccharum officinarum bagasse removed significant amount pesticide. The maximum removal observed was 93% and 97% in 5×10–6 and 7.5×10–6, respectively. Activated carbon prepared from biomass for removal purposes was proved to be highly efficient and cost effective.

Key words

soil endosulfan adsorption activated carbon sugarcane husk 

甘蔗制作活性炭去除指定土壤中的硫丹吸附

摘要

农药污染对人体健康和环境造成极大的危害,因此,对其吸附现象的研究十分必要。采用间歇 平衡法考察了硫丹杀虫剂在10 种不同土壤中的吸附性能。吸附系数(Kd)范围为1.4 ~18 μg/mL。白 沙瓦土壤由于有机质含量最高(1.4%),其Kd 值最高。吉布斯自由能为负值表明土壤与农药的相互作 用较低,说明该反应本质上是物理吸附和放热反应。经统计学分析,土壤pH 与Kd 呈负相关(R2=–0.77, P=0.03),与有机质呈正相关(R2=0.96)。从甘蔗渣中提取的活性炭,可去除大量农药。在5×10–6 和 7.5×10–6 浓度的最大去除率分别为93%和97%。以生物质为原料制备的活性炭具有高效、经济的特点。

关键词

土壤 硫丹 吸附 活性炭 甘蔗皮 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. [1]
    GEIGER F, BENGTSSON J, BERENDSE F, WEISSER W W, EMMERSON M, MORALES M B, EGGERS S. Persistent negative effects of pesticides on biodiversity and biological control potential on European farmland [J]. Basic and Applied Ecology, 2010, 11(2): 97–105.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. [2]
    SHEIKH S A. Pesticides and associated impact on human health: A case of small farmers in southern Sindh [J]. Pakistan Journal of Pharmacy and Nutrition Sciences, 2011, 1(1): 82–86.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. [3]
    PINGALI P L, ROGER P A. Impact of pesticides on farmer health and the rice environment (Vol. 7) [M]. New York: Springer Science & Business Media, 2012.Google Scholar
  4. [4]
    SARWAR M. The dangers of pesticides associated with public health and preventing of the risks [J]. International Journal of Bioinformatics and Biomedical Engineering, 2015, 1(2): 130–136.Google Scholar
  5. [5]
    ELDRIDGE B F. Pesticide application and safety training for applicators of public health pesticides [R]. Vector-Borne Disease Section, California Department of ublic Health Vector Control Technician Certification Training Manual, Category A, 2008.Google Scholar
  6. [6]
    SYED J H, MALIK R N. Occurrence and source identification of organochlorine pesticides in the surrounding surface soils of Ittehad Chemical Industries Kalashah Kaku, Pakistan [J]. Environmental Earth Sciences, 2011, 62(6): 1311–1321.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. [7]
    TARIQ M I, AFZAL S, HUSSAIN I, SULTANA N. Pesticides exposure in Pakistan: A review [J]. Environment International, 2007, 33(8): 1107–1122.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. [8]
    SHAHMAT M, SEAMAN A, WOODBINE M. Influence of sodium chloride, pH and temperature on the inhibitory activity of sodium nitrite on L. monocytogenes [M]// GOULD G W, CORRY E L, ed., Survival in Extremes of Environment, 1980: 227–237.Google Scholar
  9. [9]
    GAVRILESCU M. Fate of pesticides in the environment and its bioremediation [J]. Engineering in Life Sciences, 2005, 5(6): 497–526.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. [10]
    MUNNECKE D M, JOHNSON H W, TAL B. Microbial metabolism and enzymology of selected pesticides in Biodegradation and the detoxification of environmental pollutants [M]. Boca Raton: CRC Press, 1982.Google Scholar
  11. [11]
    KUMAR M, PHILIP L. Adsorption and desorption characteristics of hydrophobic pesticide endosulfan in four Indian soils [J]. Chemosphere, 2006, 62: 1064–1077.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. [12]
    SAIYED H, DEWAN A, BHATNAGAR V, SHENOY U, SHENOY R, RAJMOHAN R. Effect of endosulfan on male reproductive development [J]. Environmental Health Perspective, 2003, 111: 1958–1962.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. [13]
    GOEBEL H, GORBACH S, KNAUF W, RIMPAU R H, HUTTENBACH H. Properties, effects, residues, and analytics of the insecticide Endosulfan [M]. New York: Springer, 1982.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. [14]
    LI W, DAI Y, XUE B, LI Y, PENG X, ZHANG J, YAN Y. Biodegradation and detoxification of endosulfan in aqueous medium and soil by Achromobacter xylosoxidans strain CS5 [J]. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 2009, 167(1–3): 209–216.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. [15]
    BHALERAO T S, PURANIK P R. Biodegradation of organochlorine pesticide, endosulfan, by a fungal soil isolate, Aspergillus niger [J]. International Biodeterioration & Biodegradation, 2007, 59(4): 315–321.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. [16]
    KUMAR M, LAKSHMI C V, KHANNA S. Biodegradation and bioremediation of endosulfan contaminated soil [J]. Bioresource Technology, 2008, 99(8): 3116–3122.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. [17]
    ARSHAD M, HUSSAIN S, SALEEM M. Optimization of environmental parameters for biodegradation of alpha and beta endosulfan in soil slurry by Pseudomonas aeruginosa [J]. Journal of Applied Microbiology, 2008, 104(2): 364–370.Google Scholar
  18. [18]
    GUPTA V K, ALI I. Removal of endosulfan and methoxychlor from water on carbon slurry [J]. Environmental Science & Technology, 2008, 42(3): 766–770.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. [19]
    MISHRA P C, PATEL R K. Removal of endosulfan by sal wood charcoal [J]. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 2008, 152(2): 730–736.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. [20]
    AHMADPOUR A, DO D D. The preparation of activated carbon from macadamia nutshell by chemical activation [J]. Carbon, 1997, 35: 1723–1732.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. [21]
    PUSINO A, FIORI MG, BRASCHI I, GESSA C. Adsorption and desorption of triasulfuron by soil [J]. Journal of Agriculture and Food Chemistry, 2003, 51: 5350–5354.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. [22]
    GARBA A, BASRI H, NASRI N S, ISMAIL A R. Synthesis and characterization of porous carbon from biomass using KOH and K2CO3 Chemical activation [J]. ARPN Journal of Engineering and Applied Science, 2016, 11(3): 1613–1617.Google Scholar
  23. [23]
    OECD. Guideline for the testing of chemicals. adsorptiondesorption using a batch equilibrium method [S]. 2005.Google Scholar
  24. [24]
    AHMAD K S. Green electrokinetic remediation of Thiabendazole adsorbed soils via mineralization [J]. Agrochimica, 2017, 61(3): 190–205.Google Scholar
  25. [25]
    AHMAD K S. Pedospheric sorption investigation of sulfonyl urea herbicide Triasulfuron via regression correlation analysis in selected soils [J]. South African Journal of Chemistry, 2017, 70(1): 163–170.Google Scholar
  26. [26]
    SHARIFF R M. Kinetic and thermodynamic study for Adsorption-Desorption of Diazinon with copper in the presence of Surfactant [J]. Global Journal of Science and Frontier Research, 2012, 12(4): 17–31.Google Scholar
  27. [27]
    XU T, LIU X. Peanut shell activated carbon: characterization, surface modification and adsorption of Pb2+ from aqueous solution [J]. Chinese Journal of Chemical Engineering, 2008, 16: 401–406.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. [28]
    HASSLER J W. Activated carbon [M]. New York, USA: Chemical Publishing Co, 1963.Google Scholar
  29. [29]
    NABIYOUNI G, GHANBARI D. Thermal, magnetic, and optical characteristics of ABS-Fe2O3 nanocomposites [J]. Journal of Applied Polymer Science, 2012, 125: 3268–3274.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. [30]
    AHMAD K S. Evaluating the adsorption potential of Alachlor and its subsequent removal from soils via activated carbon [J]. Soil and Sediment Contamination: An International, 2018, 27: 249–266. DOI: 10.1080/15320383. 2018.1470604.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. [31]
    MICHALKOVA A, GORB L, HILL F, LESZCZYNSKI J. Can the Gibbs free energy of adsorption be predicted efficiently and accurately: An MO5-2X DFT Study [J]. Journal of Physical Chemistry, 2011, 115: 2423–2430.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. [32]
    IMTIAZ M, ALLOWAY B J, ASLAM M, MEMON M Y, KHAN P, SIDDIQUI S U H, SHAH S K H. Zinc sorption in selected soils [J]. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis, 2006, 37: 1675–1688.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. [33]
    KHAN A N. Analysis of 2010-flood causes, nature and magnitude in the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan [J]. Natural Hazards, 2013, 66: 887–904.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. [34]
    UZOMA K C, INOUE M, ANDRY H, FUJIMAKI H, ZAHOOR A, NISHIHARA E. Effect of cow manure biochar on maize productivity under sandy soil condition [J]. Soil Use and Management, 2011, 27: 205–212.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. [35]
    MAVI M S, MARSCHNER P, CHITTLEBOROUGH D J, COX J W, SANDERMAN J. Salinity and sodicity affect soil respiration and dissolved organic matter dynamics differentially in soils varying in texture [J]. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 2012, 45: 8–13.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. [36]
    PERALTA R M, AHN C, GILLEVET P M. Characterization of soil bacterial community structure and physicochemical properties in created and natural wetlands [J]. Science of the Total Environment, 2013, 443: 725–732.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. [37]
    SIDDIQUI M N, MAAJID S. Monitoring of geomorphological changes for planning reclamation work in coastal area of Karachi, Pakistan [J]. Advance Space Research, 2004, 33: 1200–1205.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. [38]
    BAUDER T A, WASKOM R M, SUTHERLAND P L, DAVIS J G, FOLLETT R H, SOLTANPOUR P N. Irrigation water quality criteria. Service in action; no. 0.506, 2011 [R]. Colorado State University Extension, 2011.Google Scholar
  39. [39]
    RAZA N, NIAZI S B, SAJID M, IQBAL F, ALI M. Studies on relationship between season and inorganic elements of Kallar Kahar Lake (Chakwal), Pakistan [J]. Journal of Research Bahauddin Zakariya University, 2007, 18: 61–68.Google Scholar
  40. [40]
    ZIA H M, AHMED R, KHALIQ I, JAVED H A. Micronutrients status and management in orchards soils: applied aspects [C]// Proceeding of Plant Nutrition Management for Horticultural Crops under Water Stressed Conditions. Quetta, Pakistan: Agriculture Research Institute, Sariab, 2004: 62–73.Google Scholar
  41. [41]
    ALVI S, KHALID R, RASHID M, WAHEED A. Soil micronutrient status in Hazro area of district attock, Pakistan [J]. Pakistan Journal of Industrial Research Series A Physical Sciences, 2011, 54(1): 45–47.Google Scholar
  42. [42]
    LAN J, CHENG Y, ZHAO Z, Effective organochlorine pesticides removal from aqueous systems by magnetic nanospheres coated with polystyrene [J]. Journal of Wuhan University of Technology: Material Sciences Edition, 2014, 29: 168–173.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. [43]
    DORES E F, SPADOTTO C A, WEBER O L, DALLA VILLA R, VECCHIATO A B, PINTO A A. Environmental behavior of chlorpyrifos and endosulfan in a tropical soil in central Brazil [J]. Journal of Agriculture and Food Chemistry, 2015, 64: 3942–3948.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. [44]
    LIU P S, KAO L S, LIN M K. Organophosphates inhibit catecholamine secretion and calcium influx in bovine adrenal chromaffin cells [J]. Toxicology, 1994, 90: 81–91.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. [45]
    SHIVARAMAIAH H M. Adsorption, desorption and movement of endosulfan in agricultural soil [J]. International Journal of Food, Agriculture and Veterinary Science, 2014, 4: 53–61.Google Scholar
  46. [46]
    PARKPIAN P, ANURAKPONGSATORN P, PAKKONG P, PATRICK W H Jr. Adsorption, desorption and degradation of a-endosulfan in tropical soils of Thailand [J]. Journal of Environmental Science and Health: Part B, 1998, 33: 211–233.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. [47]
    ATASOY A D, MERMUT A R, KUMBUR H, INCE F, ARSLAN H, AVCI E D. Sorption of alpha and beta hydrophobic endosulfan in a Vertisol from southeast region of Turkey [J]. Chemosphere, 2009, 74: 1450–1456.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. [48]
    SINGH R P, SINGH S. Adsorption and movement of endosulfan in soils: A verification of the co-solvent theory and a comparison of batch equilibrium and soil thin layer chromatography results [J]. Adsorption Science and Technology, 2008, 26: 185–199.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Central South University Press and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Environmental SciencesFatima Jinnah Women University, The MallRawalpindiPakistan

Personalised recommendations