Advertisement

Journal of Central South University

, Volume 21, Issue 7, pp 2826–2831 | Cite as

Adsorption behavior of cross-linked chitosan modified by graphene oxide for Cu(II) removal

  • Yan Yang (杨焰)
  • Wen-qin Wu (武文琴)
  • Hai-hui Zhou (周海晖)
  • Zhong-yuan Huang (黄中原)
  • Ting-ting Ye (叶婷婷)
  • Rui Liu (刘瑞)
  • Ya-fei Kuang (旷亚非)
Article

Abstract

Cross-linked chitosan(CS), cross-linked chitosan/graphene(CS/RGO10) and cross-linked chitosan/graphene oxide(CS/GO10) were prepared as adsorbents for Cu(II). The effects of pH, contact time, adsorbent dosage and initial concentration of Cu(II) on the adsorbing abilities of CS,CS/RGO10 and CS/GO10 to Cu(II) were investigated. The results demonstrate that the adsorption capacities of CS/GO10 and CS/RGO10 are greater than that of CS, especially at pH 5.0 and the adsorption capacities are 202.5, 150 and 137.5 mg/g, respectively. Their behaviors obey the Freundlich isotherm model very well. Additionally, CS/GO10 has the shortest time to achieve adsorption equilibrium among them and can be used as a perspective adsorbent for Cu(II).

Key words

chitosan graphene oxide adsorption Cu(II) 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. [1]
    YU B, ZHANG Y, SHUKLA A, DORRIS K L. The removal of heavy metal from aqueous solutions by sawdust adsorption removal of copper [J]. Hazard Mater, 2000, 80(3): 33–42.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. [2]
    WU Y, ZHANG L, GAO C. Adsorption of copper ions and methylene blue in a single and binary system on wheat straw [J]. Chem Eng, 2009, 54(12): 3229–3234.Google Scholar
  3. [3]
    WONG K K, LEE C K, LOW K S, HARON M J. Removal of Cu and Pb by tartaric acid modifed rice husk from aqueous solutions [J]. Chemosphere, 2003, 50(1): 23–28.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. [4]
    JANIN A, ZAVISKA F, DROGUI P, BLAIS J F, MERCIER G. Selective recovery of metals in leachate from chromated copper arsenate treated wastes using electrochemical technology and chemical precipitation [J]. Hydrometallurgy, 2009, 96(4): 318–326.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. [5]
    DABROWSKI A, HUBICKI Z, PODKOSCIELNY P. Selective removal of the heavy metal ions from waters and industrial wastewaters by ion-exchange method [J]. Chemosphere, 2004, 56(2): 91–106.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. [6]
    SOYLAK M, UNSAL Y E, KIZIL N, AYDIN A. Utilization of membrane filtration for preconcentration and determination of Cu(II) and Pb(II) in food, water and geological samples by atomic absorption spectrometry [J]. Food Chem Toxicol, 2010, 48(2): 517–521.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. [7]
    SAEED A, IQBAL M, AKHTAR M W. Removal and recovery of lead(II) from single and multimetal (Cd, Cu, Ni, Zn) solutions by crop milling waste (black gram husk) [J]. Hazard Mater, 2005, 117(1): 65–73.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. [8]
    XU Hui, LIU Yu, TAY J H. Effect of pH on nickel biosorption by aerobic granular sludge [J]. Biores Technol, 2006, 97(3): 359–363.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. [9]
    WANG Xue-song, HUANG Juan, HU Huai-qiong, WANG Jing, QIN Yong. Determination of kinetic and equilibrium parameters of the batch adsorption of Ni(II) from aqueous solutions by Na-mordenite [J]. Hazard Mater, 2007, 142(2): 468–479.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. [10]
    VELI S, ALYÜZ B. Adsorption of copper and zinc from aqueous solutions by using natural clay [J]. Hazard Mater, 2007, 149(1): 226–233.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. [11]
    KIM J W, SOHN M H, KIM S S, KIM D S, SOHN S M, KWON Y S. Production of granular activated carbon from waste walnut shell and its adsorption characteristics for Cu2+ ion [J]. Hazard Mater, 2001, 85(2): 301–315.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. [12]
    DAORATTANACHAI P, UNOB F, LMYIM A. Multi-element preconcentration of heavy metal ions from aqueous solution by APDC impregnated activated carbon [J]. Talanta, 2005, 67(1): 59–64.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. [13]
    GUO Xue-yan, ZHANG Shu-zhen, SHANN Xiao-quan. Adsorption of metal ions on lignin [J]. Hazard Mater, 2008, 151(1): 134–142.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. [14]
    ZHAO Fan, YU Bin-yu, YUE Zheng-rong, WAMG Ting, WEN Xian, LIU Zong-bim. Preparation of porous chitosan gel beads for copper(II) ion adsorption [J]. Hazard Mater, 2007, 147(2): 67–73.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. [15]
    BABEL S, KURNIAWAN T A. Low-cost adsorbents for heavy metals uptake from contaminated water [J]. Hazard Mater, 2003, 97(3): 219–243.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. [16]
    WAN NGAH W S, ENDUD C S, MAYANAR R. Removal of copper(II) ions from aqueous solution onto chitosan and cross-linked chitosan beads [J]. React Funct Polym, 2002, 50(2): 181–190.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. [17]
    VINCENT T, GUIBAL E. Cr (VI) extraction using aliquat 336 in a hollow fiber module made of chitosan [J]. Ind Eng Chem Res, 2001, 40(5): 1406–1411.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. [18]
    ZHAO Gui-xia, LI Jia-xing, REN Xue-mei, CHEN Chang-lun, WANG Xiang-ke. Few-layered graphene oxide nanosheets as superior sorbents for heavy metal ion pollution management [J]. Environ Sci Technol, 2011, 45(24): 10454–10462.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. [19]
    ZHAO Gui-xia, REN Xue-mei, GAO Xing, TAN Xian-li, LI Jia-xiang, CHEN Chang-lun, HUANG Yu-ying, WANG Xiang-ke. Removal of Pb(II) ions from aqueous solutions on few-layered graphene oxide nanosheets [J]. Dalton Trans, 2011, 40(41): 10945–10952.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. [20]
    WU Wen-qin, YANG Yan, ZHOU Hai-hui, Huang Zhong-yuan, YE Ting-ting, LIU Rui, KUANG Ya-fei. Highly efficient removal of Cu(II) from aqueous solution by using graphene oxide [J]. Water, Air & Soil Pollution, 2012, 224(3): 1372–1377.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. [21]
    HUMMERS W S, OFFEMAN R E. Preparation of graphitic oxide [J]. J Am Chem Soc, 1958, 80(6): 1339–1339.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. [22]
    DONIA A M, ATIA A A, ELWAKEEL K Z. Recovery of gold(III) and silver(I) on a chemically modified chitosan with magnetic properties [J]. Hydrometallurgy. 2007, 87(4): 197–206.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. [23]
    MURUGAN A V, MURALIGANTH T, MANTHIRAM A. Rapid, facile microwave-solvothermal synthesis of graphene nanosheets and their polyaniline nanocomposites for energy strorage [J]. Chem Mater, 2009, 21(21): 5004–5006.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. [24]
    KUO Chao-yin. Water purification of removal aqueous copper (II) by as-grown and modified multi-walled carbon nanotubes [J]. Desalination, 2009, 249(2): 781–785.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Central South University Press and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yan Yang (杨焰)
    • 1
    • 2
  • Wen-qin Wu (武文琴)
    • 1
  • Hai-hui Zhou (周海晖)
    • 1
  • Zhong-yuan Huang (黄中原)
    • 1
  • Ting-ting Ye (叶婷婷)
    • 1
  • Rui Liu (刘瑞)
    • 1
  • Ya-fei Kuang (旷亚非)
    • 1
  1. 1.College of Chemistry and Chemical EngineeringHunan UniversityChangshaChina
  2. 2.College of Materials Science and EngineeringCentral South University of Forestry and TechnologyChangshaChina

Personalised recommendations