Journal of Central South University

, Volume 19, Issue 12, pp 3603–3613 | Cite as

A simulation model for estimating train and passenger delays in large-scale rail transit networks

  • Zhi-bin Jiang (江志彬)
  • Feng Li (李锋)
  • Rui-hua Xu (徐瑞华)
  • Peng Gao (高鹏)


A simulation model was proposed to investigate the relationship between train delays and passenger delays and to predict the dynamic passenger distribution in a large-scale rail transit network. It was assumed that the time varying original-destination demand and passenger path choice probability were given. Passengers were assumed not to change their destinations and travel paths after delay occurs. Capacity constraints of train and queue rules of alighting and boarding were taken into account. By using the time-driven simulation, the states of passengers, trains and other facilities in the network were updated every time step. The proposed methodology was also tested in a real network, for demonstration. The results reveal that short train delay does not necessarily result in passenger delays, while, on the contrary, some passengers may get benefits from the short delay. However, large initial train delay may result in not only knock-on train and passenger delays along the same line, but also the passenger delays across the entire rail transit network.

Key words

delay simulation passenger delay train delay rail transit network timetable 


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Copyright information

© Central South University Press and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Zhi-bin Jiang (江志彬)
    • 1
  • Feng Li (李锋)
    • 1
  • Rui-hua Xu (徐瑞华)
    • 1
  • Peng Gao (高鹏)
    • 2
  1. 1.School of Transportation EngineeringTongji UniversityShanghaiChina
  2. 2.IBM China Research LabBeijingChina

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