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Journal of Central South University

, Volume 19, Issue 12, pp 3530–3539 | Cite as

Adsorption of volatile organic compounds on three activated carbon samples: Effect of pore structure

  • Li-qing Li (李立清)Email author
  • Jian-fei Song (宋剑飞)
  • Xiao-long Yao (姚小龙)
  • Gui-jie Huang (黄贵杰)
  • Zheng Liu (刘峥)
  • Ling Tang (唐琳)
Article

Abstract

To investigate the influence of the activated carbon pore structure on the adsorption of volatile organic compounds (VOCs), three commercial activated carbon samples were chosen. The fixed-bed thermostatic adsorption experiments were conducted under certain conditions, where toluene, acetone, and 1, 2-dichloroethane acted as adsorbents. Then, the incidence relation between the experimental results and the activated carbon pore structure was analyzed. After that, the results of the correlation analysis were verified in accordance with fractal theory and adsorption characteristic curve analysis. The results show that the pore diameter gradient is helpful for strengthening the internal diffusion. Under the same condition, the adsorption of organic gases tends to be selective, and the positions of toluene, acetone and 1, 2-dichloroethane adsorbed on the activated carbon are mainly in the ranges of 1.27–1.49 nm, 0.67–0.84 nm and 1.39–1.75 nm, respectively. The relationship between adsorption capacity and activated carbon pore volume can accurately explain the spreading process of the adsorbents in the activated carbon.

Key words

activated carbon volatile organic compounds adsorption pore structure selectivity 

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Copyright information

© Central South University Press and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Li-qing Li (李立清)
    • 1
    Email author
  • Jian-fei Song (宋剑飞)
    • 1
    • 2
  • Xiao-long Yao (姚小龙)
    • 1
  • Gui-jie Huang (黄贵杰)
    • 1
  • Zheng Liu (刘峥)
    • 1
  • Ling Tang (唐琳)
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Energy Science and EngineeringCentral South UniversityChangshaChina
  2. 2.School of Chemical and Biological EngineeringChangsha University of Science and TechnologyChangshaChina

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