Slagging characteristics of molten coal ash on silicon-aluminum combustion liners of boiler
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In order to study the slagging characteristics of boiler combustion liners during pulverized coal stream combustion, the slag samples on the surface of combustion liner were investigated by X-ray diffractometry, scan electron microscopy and energy dispersive X-ray analysis, and the transformation characteristics of the compositions and crystal phases were studied. The results show that the size of slag granules decreases as the slagging temperature increases; the crystallinity of coal ash I reduces to about 48.6% when the temperature is increased up to 1 350 °C, and that of the coal ash II reduces to about 65% when the temperature is increased up to 1 500 °C; the encroachment of molten coal ash to the combustion liner is strengthened. At the same time, the diffusion and the segregation of the compositions in combustion liners have selectivity, which is in favor of enhancing the content of crystal phases, weakening the conglutination among molten slag compositions and combustion liner, and avoiding yielding big clinkers. But the diffusion of the compositions in combustion liners increases the porosity and decreases the mechanical intensity of combustion liner, and makes the slag encroachment to the liner become more serious.
Key wordspulverous coal ash slagging characteristics crystallinity combustion liner
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