Journal of Central South University of Technology

, Volume 15, Issue 6, pp 753–756 | Cite as

Pyrolysis of furfural-acetone resin as matrix precursor for new carbon materials

  • Lun-gang Xia (夏伦刚)
  • Hong-bo Zhang (张红波)Email author
  • Xiang Xiong (熊 翔)
  • Jin-lü Zuo (左劲旅)
  • Jian Yin (尹 健)


In order to increase the understanding of the pyrolysis mechanism, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) and thermogravimetry-mass spectrometric coupling technique (TG-MS) were used to study the pyrolysis behavior of furfural-acetone resin used for new carbon materials. The curing and carbonization mechanisms of furfural-acetone resin were mainly investigated; structural changes and volatile products evolved during pyrolysis were analyzed. The results indicate that, during pyrolysis of furfural-acetone resin adding 7% (mass fraction) phosphorous acid as curing agent, the rupture of C—O bond in the five-membered heterocycle firstly takes place to release oxygen atoms and then does the C—H bond, which enable the molecular chain to cross-link and condense, then lead to the formation of three dimensional networking structure. With the increase of pyrolyzing temperature, the scission of methyl and the opening of furan ring are generated. As a result, the recomposition of molecular chain structure is generated and a hexatomic fused ring containing double bonds is built. The main volatile products during pyrolysis of furfural-acetone resin are H2O, and a small mount of CO, CO2 and CH4. At elevated temperatures, dehydrogenation takes place and hydrogen gas is evolved.

Key words

new carbon materials furfural-acetone resin pyrolysis volatile products 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. [1]
    FU Dong-sheng, ZHANG Kang-zhu, SUN Fu-lin, YAO Dong-mei. Research progress in matrix precursors for carbon-carbon composites [J]. New Chemical Materials, 2003, 31(6): 19–21. (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  2. [2]
    FU Xue. Resin and plastic [M]. Beijing: Chemical Industry Press, 2005. (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  3. [3]
    BURKET C L, RAJAGOPALAN R, MARENCIC A P, DRONVAJJALA K, FOLEY H C. Genesis of porosity in polyfurfuryl alcohol derived nanoporous carbon [J]. Carbon, 2006, 44(14): 2957–2963.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. [4]
    GUO Hua-jun, LI Xin-hai, ZHANG Xin-min, WANG Zhi-xing, PENG Wen-jie, ZHANG Bao. Optimizing pyrolysis of resin carbon for anode of lithium ion batteries [J]. J Cent South Univ Technol, 2006, 13(1): 58–62.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. [5]
    TANABE Y, UTSUNOMIYA M, ISHIBASHI M, KYOTANI T, KABURAGI Y, YASUDA E. Oxidation behavior of furan-resin-derived carbon alloyed with Ta or Ti [J]. Carbon, 2002, 40(11): 1949–1955.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. [6]
    ALAKHRAS F, HOLZE R. In situ UV-vis- and FT-IR-spectroscopy of electrochemically synthesized furan-thiophene copolymers [J]. Synthetic Metals, 2007, 157(2/3): 109–119.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. [7]
    LI Zhi-hua, ZHENG Zi-qiao, REN Dong-yan, HUANG Yao-peng. Curing mechanism of TDE-85/MeTHPA epoxy resin modified by polyurethane [J]. J Cent South Univ Technol, 2007, 14(3): 296–300.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. [8]
    XIONG Xiang, HUANG Bai-yun, XIAO Peng. Microstructures of unidirectional fibre-reinforced C/C composites fabricated by liquid method [J]. The Chinese Journal of Nonferrous Metals, 2003, 13(6):1430–1434. (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  9. [9]
    FIZER E, SCHAEFER W. The effect of cross-linking on the formation of glasslike carbon from thermosetting resin [J]. Carbon, 1970, 8(3): 353–364.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. [10]
    WAITKUS P A, KORB L L. Process for preparing a vitreous carbon: US 4624811 [P]. 1986-11-25.Google Scholar
  11. [11]
    WANG Shu-jun, ZHAO Fei-min. Study on the carbonized product of furfuralcohol resin as electrode materials of lithium ion batteries [J]. New Carbon Materials, 2000, 15(3): 47–51. (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  12. [12]
    HERNANDEZ V, RAMIREZ F J, ZOTTI G, NAVARRETE J T L. Resonance Raman and FT-IR spectra of pristine and doped polyconjugated polyfuran [J]. Chem Phys, 1992, 191(5): 419–422.Google Scholar
  13. [13]
    SOCRATES G. Infrared characteristic group frequencies [M]. Chichester: John Wiley & Sons, 1980.Google Scholar
  14. [14]
    ROBERT M, SILVERSTEIN, FRANCIS X, WEBSTER, KIEMLE D. Spectrometric identification of organic compounds [M]. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, 2005.Google Scholar
  15. [15]
    LORENZ U J, LEMAIRE J, MAITRE P, CRESTONI M E, FORNARINI S, DOPFER O. Protonation of heterocyclic aromatic molecules: IR signature of the protonation site of furan and pyrrole [J]. International Journal of Mass Spectrometry, 2007, 267(1/3):43–53.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. [16]
    XIA Lun-gang, ZHANG Hong-bo, XIONG Xiang, ZUO Jin-lü, YIN Jian. Curing reaction of furfural acetone resin used for new carbon materials [J]. The Chinese Journal of Nonferrous Metals, 2008, 18(6):953–958. (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  17. [17]
    OZAKI J, OHIZUMI W, OYA A. A TG-MS study of poly(vinylbutyral)/phenol-formaldehyde resin blend fiber [J]. Carbon, 2000, 38(10): 1515–1519.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. [18]
    BISWAS B, KANDOLA B K, HORROCKS A R, PRICE D. A quantitative study of carbon monoxide and carbon dioxide evolution during thermal degradation of flame retarded epoxy resins J]. Polymer Degradation and Stability, 2007, 92(5): 765–776.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Central South University Press and Springer-Verlag GmbH 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lun-gang Xia (夏伦刚)
    • 1
  • Hong-bo Zhang (张红波)
    • 1
    Email author
  • Xiang Xiong (熊 翔)
    • 1
  • Jin-lü Zuo (左劲旅)
    • 1
  • Jian Yin (尹 健)
    • 1
  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Powder MetallurgyCentral South UniversityChangshaChina

Personalised recommendations