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Journal of Central South University of Technology

, Volume 14, Issue 6, pp 742–749 | Cite as

Homology modeling and docking studies of IscS from extremophile Acidithiobacillus ferrooxidans

  • Liu Yuan-dong  (刘元东)
  • Ding Jian-nan  (丁建南)
  • Qiu Guan-zhou  (邱冠周)Email author
  • Wang Hai-dong  (王海东)
Article

Abstract

The gene iscS-3 from Acidithiobacillus ferrooxidans may play a central role in the delivery of sulfur to a variety of metabolic pathways in this organism. For insight into the sulfur metabolic mechanism of the bacteria, an integral three-dimensional (3D) molecular structure of the protein encoded by this gene was built by homology modeling techniques, refined by molecular dynamics simulations, assessed by PROFILE-3D and PROSTAT programs and further used to search bind sites, carry out flexible docking with cofactor pyridoxal 5′-phosphate(PLP) and substrate cysteine and hereby detect its key residues. Through these procedures, the detail conformations of PLP-IscS(P-I) and cysteine-PLP-IscS(C-P-I) complexes were obtained. In P-I complex, the residues of Lys208, His106, Thr78, Ser205, His207, Asp182 and Gln185 have large interaction energies and/or hydrogen bonds fixation with PLP. In C-P-I complex, the amino group in cysteine is very near His106, Lys208 and PLP, the interaction energies for cysteine with them are very high. The above results are well consistent with those experimental facts of the homologues from other sources. Interestingly, the four residues of Glu105, Glu79, Ser203 and His180 in P-I docking and the residue of Lys213 in C-P-I docking also have great interaction energies, which are fitly conservation in IscSs from all kinds of sources but have not been identified before. From these results, this gene can be confirmed at 3D level to encode the iron-sulfur cluster assembly protein IscS and subsequently play a sulfur traffic role. Furthermore, the substrate cysteine can be presumed to be effectively recruited into the active site. Finally, the above detected key residues can be conjectured to be directly responsible for the bind and/or catalysis of PLP and cysteine.

Key words

bioleaching IscS Acidithiobacillus ferrooxidans homology modeling molecular dynamics docking pyridoxal 5′-phosphate(PLP) cysteine 

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Copyright information

© Published by: Central South University Press, Sole distributor outside Mainland China: Springer 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Liu Yuan-dong  (刘元东)
    • 1
  • Ding Jian-nan  (丁建南)
    • 1
  • Qiu Guan-zhou  (邱冠周)
    • 1
    Email author
  • Wang Hai-dong  (王海东)
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Resources Processing and BioengineeringCentral South UniversityChangshaChina

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