Homology modeling and evolutionary trace analysis of superoxide dismutase from extremophile Acidithiobacillus ferrooxidans

  • Liu Yuan-dong  (刘元东)
  • Wang Hai-dong  (王海东)
  • Qiu Guan-zhou  (邱冠周)Email author


The gene sod in Acidithiobacillus ferrooxidans may play a crucial role in its tolerance to the extremely acidic, toxic and oxidative environment of bioleaching. For insight into the anti-toxic mechanism of the bacteria, a three-dimensional (3D) molecular structure of the protein encoded by this gene was built by homology modeling techniques, refined by molecular dynamics simulations, assessed by PROFILE-3D and PROSTAT programs and its key residues were further detected by evolutionary trace analysis. Through these procedures, some trace residues were identified and spatially clustered. Among them, the residues of Asn38, Gly103 and Glu161 are randomly scattered throughout the mapped structure; interestingly, the other residues are all distinctly clustered in a subgroup near Fe atom. From these results, this gene can be confirmed at 3D level to encode the Fe-depending superoxide dismutase and subsequently play an anti-toxic role. Furthermore, the detected key residues around Fe binding site can be conjectured to be directly responsible for Fe binding and catalytic function.

Key words

bioleaching superoxide dismutase Acidithiobacillus ferrooxidans homology modeling evolutionary trace molecular dynamics 


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Copyright information

© Central South University Press, Sole distributor outside Mainland China: Springer 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Liu Yuan-dong  (刘元东)
    • 1
  • Wang Hai-dong  (王海东)
    • 1
  • Qiu Guan-zhou  (邱冠周)
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.School of Resources Processing and BioengineeringCentral South UniversityChangshaChina

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