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Phase composition, transition and structure stability of functionally graded cemented carbide with dual phase structure

  • Zhang Li  (张立)Email author
  • Chen Shu  (陈述)
  • Xiong Xiang-jun  (熊湘君)
  • He Yue-hui  (贺跃辉)
  • Huang Bai-yun  (黄伯云)
  • Zhang Chuan-fu  (张传福)
Article

Abstract

The phase composition, phase transition and phase structure transformation of the wire-cut section of functionally graded WC-Co cemented carbide with dual phase structure were investigated by XRD phase analysis. It is shown that the composition of η phase in the core zone is Co3W3C (M6C type). The structure of cobalt based solid solution binder phase is fcc type. At the cooling stage of the sintering process, the phase transition of η phase, i.e. M6C→M12C and the martensitic phase transition of the cobalt based solid solution binder phase, i.e. fcc→hcp are suppressed, which facilitates the strengthening of the alloy. Because the instantaneous temperature of the discharge channel is as high as 10 000 °C during the wire cutting process, the processed surface is oxidized. Nevertheless, the oxide layer thickness is in micro grade. In the oxide film, η phase is decomposed into W2C and CoO, and cobalt based solid solution binder is selectively oxidized, while WC remains stable due to the existence of carbon containing liquid organic cutting medium.

Key words

cemented carbide dual phase structure functionally graded material phase identification fracture toughness testing 

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Copyright information

© Published by: Central South University Press, Sole distributor outside Mainland China: Springer 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Zhang Li  (张立)
    • 1
    Email author
  • Chen Shu  (陈述)
    • 2
  • Xiong Xiang-jun  (熊湘君)
    • 1
  • He Yue-hui  (贺跃辉)
    • 1
  • Huang Bai-yun  (黄伯云)
    • 1
  • Zhang Chuan-fu  (张传福)
    • 3
  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Powder MetallurgyCentral South UniversityChangshaChina
  2. 2.Changsha Mining and Metallurgy Research InstituteChangshaChina
  3. 3.School of Metallurgical Science and EngineeringCentral South UniversityChangshaChina

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