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Extraction of essential oil from shaddock peel and analysis of its components by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry

  • Zhou Jin-hua 
  • Zhou Chun-shan 
  • Jiang Xin-yu 
  • Xie Lian-wu 
Article

Abstract

Essential oil, with more than thirty kinds of compounds separated and identified by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, was extracted from Shatian shaddock peel and Sweet shaddock peel by squeeze-steam distillation and direct steam distillation method. Among their composition, the main components are terpene compounds, which account for 93.926% (mass fraction, the same below) and 85.843% of essential oils extracted from Shatian shaddock peel and Sweet shaddock peel, respectively. Although nootkatone is the major contributor of shaddock characteristic scent, and its contents are 1.069% and 1.749% of essential oils from Sweet shaddock peel and Shatian shaddock peel, respectively. The results show that squeeze-steam distillation gives higher yield and good quality of essential oil and the compositions of essential oils from two kinds of shaddock peels are different, but the main contributors of the shaddock scent are the same.

Key words

essential oil Shatian shaddock Sweet shaddock gas chromatography — mass spectrometry nootkatone extraction 

CLC number

O656.4 

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Copyright information

© Central South University 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Zhou Jin-hua 
    • 1
    • 2
  • Zhou Chun-shan 
    • 1
  • Jiang Xin-yu 
    • 1
  • Xie Lian-wu 
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Chemistry and Chemical EngineeringCentral South UniversityChangshaChina
  2. 2.School of ScienceCentral South Forestry UniversityChangshaChina

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