Synthesis of Ni-Zn ferrite and its microstructure and magnetic properties
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Nanometer Ni0.5Zn0.5Fe2O4 powders with spinel phase were prepared by the hydrothermal method using purified FeSO4 solution from sodium jarosite’s slag as materials. The results show that the spinel phase of Ni0.5Zn0.5Fe2O4 powders begins to form at a relatively low temperature (130 °C) and a shorter holding time (1 h) when pH=8. The crystallization kinetics equation at 200 °C is ln[-ln(1−x)] = −0.78+0.95ln t. The growth activation energy of Ni0.5Zn0.5Fe2O4 grains is 41.6 kJ/moL in hydrothermal synthesis process. With the increase of sintering temperature, the density and diameter shrinkage of ferrite circulus increase, whereas its pores decrease. The results of magnetic measurements show that saturation magnetic flux density Bs increases and the coercivity Hc decreases with the increase of their sintering temperature. Magnetic parameters of all the investigated samples satisfy the character demand of high Bs, low Br and low Hc of soft magnetic ferrite materials.
Key wordssodium jarosite hydrothermal synthesis Ni-Zn ferrite nanoparticle
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