Journal of Central South University of Technology

, Volume 11, Issue 4, pp 358–361 | Cite as

Effect of nano-size nickel particles on wear resistance and high temperature oxidation resistance of ultrafine ceramic coating

  • Gu Yi Email author
  • Xia Chang-qing 
  • Li Jia 
  • Wu An-ru 


In order to improve the wear resistance and high temperature oxidation resistance of titanium and titanium alloy, the high temperature ultra fine ceramic coating containing nano-size nickel particles was prepared by flow coat method on the surface of industrially pure titanium TB1-0. The effects of nano-size nickel particles on the wear resistance and high temperature oxidation resistance of coating substrate system were investigated through oxidation kinetics experiment and wear resistance test. The morphologies of the specimens were examined by means of optical microscopy, scanning electron microscopy and X-ray diffraction. The results show that the high temperature ultra fine ceramic coating has notable protection effect on industrially pure titanium TB1-0 from oxidation. The oxidation and wear resistance properties of the coating can be effectively improved by adding nano-size nickel particles. The oxidative mass gain of the specimen decreases from 11.33 mg · cm−2 to 5.25 mg · cm−2 and the friction coefficient decreases from 1.1 to 0.6 by adding nano-size nickel particles, and the coating containing 10% (mass fraction) nano-size nickel shows the optimum properties.

Key words

nano-size nickel particle coating oxidation resistance wear resistance 

CLC number

TB 304 TB 35 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. [1]
    Gurrappa I, Gogia A K. High performance coatings for titanium alloys to protect against oxidation[J]. Surface and Coatings Technology, 2001, 139(2 – 3): 216–221.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. [2]
    LIU D X, TANG B. Improvement of fretting fatigue and fretting wear of Ti6Al4V by duplex surface modification[J]. Surface and Coatings Technology, 1999, 116(3): 234–238.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. [3]
    Leyens C, Vanliere J W. Magnetron-sputtered Ti-Cr-Al coatings for oxidation protection of titanium alloys[J]. Surface and Coatings Technology, 1998, 108(1): 30–35.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. [4]
    Vetter J. (Alx, Tiy) N coatings deposited by cathodic vacuum arc evaporation[J]. Journal of Advanced Materials, 1999, 31(4): 41–47.Google Scholar
  5. [5]
    Mckee D W, Luthra K L. Plasma-sprayed coating for titanium alloy oxidation protection[J]. Surface and Coatings Technology, 1993, 56(2): 109–118.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. [6]
    WANG H M, LIU Y F. Microstructure and wear resistance of laser clad Ti5Si3/NiTi2 intermetallic composite coating on titanium alloy[J]. Materials Science and Engineering A, 2002, 338(2): 126–132.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. [7]
    McMordie B G. Oxidation resistance of slurry aluminides on high temperature titanium alloys[J]. Surface and Coatings Technology, 1991, 49(1): 18–23.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. [8]
    LIN An, NI Hao-ming. Century advances of surface engineering[J]. Materials Protection, 1999, 32(10): 25–32.Google Scholar
  9. [9]
    WANG Xin, SUN Kang-ning, YIN Yan-sheng. The advancement of ceramic-matrix nanocomposites [J]. Acta Materiae Compositae Sinica, 1999, 16(1): 105–109. (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  10. [10]
    Niihara K, Unal N. Mechanical properties of (Y-TZP)-alumina-silicon carbide nanocomposites and the phase stability of Y-TZP particles in it[J]. Journal of Material Science, 1994, 29(2): 164–168.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. [11]
    Kitayama M, Pask J A. Formation and control of agglomerates in alumina powder[J]. J Am Ceram Soc, 1996, 79(8): 2003–2011.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. [12]
    XIA Chang-qing, GU Yi, ZENG Fan-hao. Stability of aqueous nano-ceramic coatings with two different dispersants[J]. Journal of Central South University of Technology, 2003, 10(2): 87–90.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. [13]
    GU Yi, XIA Chang-qing, ZENG Fan-hao, Investigation of stabilized dispersion of nano-ceramic coating[J]. Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China, 2003, 13(4): 890–892.Google Scholar
  14. [14]
    LI Rong-jiu. Ceramic-metal Composition Materials[M]. Beijing: Metallurgical Industry Press, 1995. (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  15. [15]
    GU Yi, XIA Chang-qing, WU Wen-hua. The research of nano-metal/ultra-fine ceramic coating materials[A]. CMS: The New Progress on Material Science and Engineering’ 2002[C]. Beijing: Metallurgical Industry Press, 2003. 211–214. (in Chinese)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Central South University 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gu Yi 
    • 1
    Email author
  • Xia Chang-qing 
    • 1
  • Li Jia 
    • 1
  • Wu An-ru 
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Materials Science and EngineeringCentral South UniversityChangshaChina

Personalised recommendations