Drag reduction of flow boiling with polymer additives
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The drag-reducing effect of polymer additive aqueous solution was investigated in flow boliling, and the polymer additives were two kinds of polyacrylamide (PAM) with relative molecular mass about 2.56×106 and 8.55×106. The frictional pressure drop was calculated according to the measured total pressure drop. The results show that the flow drag of flow boiling is reduced by adding a small amount of PAM to water when heat flux is in the range of 15.1 kW·m−2 to 47.0 kW·m−2, when the mass fraction of PAM is higher than 2.0×10−5, the drag-reducing effect is obvious. Drag-reducing effect of PAM, whose relative molecular mass is 8.55×106, is slightly better than that of 2.56×106 at the same mass fraction, and the greater the flow rate of the additive solution, the better the effect of the drag reduction.
Key wordspolymer additive flow boiling drag reduction pressure drop
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