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Electrodeposition of copper by IMPC method

  • Zhou Kang-gen 
  • Li Qing-gang 
  • Zhang Qi-xiu 
Metallurgical Separation Science And Engineering

Abstract

In order to develop an energy-saving electrodeposition process of copper, the electrodeposition of copper in copper sulfate solution by the ion-exchange membrane primary cell (IMPC) method has been studied. The experiments were carried out in an ion-exchange membrane primary cell with dimensions of 200 mm in length, 52 mm in width and 90 mm in height. The influences of temperature (294–323 K), interval between the anode and cathode (1.5–3.5 cm), mass concentrations of Cu2+ (6–40 g/L), H2SO4 (0–120 g/L) and Fe3+ (3–9 g/L) in catholyte and solution flow rate (0–8 cm/s) on current density and current efficiency were investigated experimentally. The current density increases with the increase of temperature and concentrations of Cu2+ and H2SO4 in catholyte. Cathode current efficiency decreases with the increase of concentration of Fe3+ in catholyte and anode current efficiency decreases with the increase of temperature. The high-quality cathodic copper can be obtained and the current density of membrane can be higher than 150 A/m2 and the current density of cathode can be higher than 300 A/m2. The experiment results show that IMPC method is effective for electrodeposition of copper.

Key words

ion-exchange membrane primary cell copper electrodeposition 

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Copyright information

© Central South University 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • Zhou Kang-gen 
    • 1
  • Li Qing-gang 
    • 1
  • Zhang Qi-xiu 
    • 1
  1. 1.Metallurgical Separation Science and Engineering Lab.Central South UniversityChangshaChina

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