Applied Geophysics

, Volume 12, Issue 3, pp 453–464 | Cite as

Detection of gas hydrate sediments using prestack seismic AVA inversion

  • Ru-Wei Zhang
  • Hong-Qi Li
  • Bao-Jin Zhang
  • Han-Dong Huang
  • Peng-Fei Wen


Bottom-simulating reflectors (BSRs) in seismic profile always indicate the bottom of gas hydrate stability zone, but is difficult to determine the distribution and features of gas hydrate sediments (GHS). In this study, based on AVA forward modeling and angle-domain common-image gathers we use prestack AVA parameters consistency inversion in predicting gas hydrate sediments in the Shenhu area at northern slope of South China Sea, and obtain the vertical and lateral features and saturation of GHS.


Gas hydrate BSR Prestack inversion saturation 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Chen, M. A. P., Riedel, M., Hyndman, R. D., and Dosso, S. E., 2007, AVO inversion of BSRs in marine gas hydrate studies: Geophysics, 72(2), C31–C43.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Ecker, C., Dvorkin, J., and Nur, A. M., 1998, Sediments with gas hydrates: Internal structure from seismic AVO: Geophysics, 63(5), 1659–1669.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Ecker, C., Dvorkin, J., and Nur, A. M., 2000, Estimating the amount of gas hydrate and free gas from marine seismic data: Geophysics, 65(2), 565–573.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Gong, Y. H., Yang, S. X., Wang, H. B., Liang, J. Q., Guo, Y. Q., Wu, S. G., and Liu, G. H., 2009, Gas hydrate reservoir characteristics of Shenhu area, north slope of the South China Sea: Geoscience (in Chinese), 23(2), 210–216.Google Scholar
  5. Gong, Y. H., Zhang, G. X., and Guo, Y. Q., 2010, Prospect of gas hydrate resources in the area to southwest Shenhu of northern South China Sea: Marine Geology & Quaternary Geology (in Chinese), 33(2), 97–104.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. He, J. X., Liu, H. L., Yao, Y. J., Zhang, X. H., and Luan, X. W., 2008, Petroleum geology and resource potential of the northern edge basin in the South China Sea: Petroleum Industry Press, China, 1–4.Google Scholar
  7. Helgerud, M. B., Dvorkin, J., Nur, A., Sakai, A., Collett, T., 1999, Elastic-wave velocity in marine sediments with gas hydrates: Effective medium modeling: Geophysical Research Letters, 26(13), 2021–2024.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Huang, H. D., Zhang, R. W., Shen, G. Q., Guo, F., and Wang, J. P., 2011, Study of prestack elastic parameter consistency inversion methods: Applied Geophysics, 8(4), 311–318.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Huang, H. D., Wang, Y. C., Guo, F., Zhang, S., Ji, Y. Z., and Liu, C. H., 2015, Zoeppritz equation-based prestack inversion and its application in fluid identification: Applied Geophysics, 12(2), 199–211.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Jin, Q. H., Zhang, G. X., and Yang, M. Z., 2006, Introduction to gas hydrate resource: Science Press, China, 2–36.Google Scholar
  11. Kuang, Z. G., and Guo, Y. Q., 2011, The sedimentary facies and gas hydrate accumulation models since Neogene of Shenhu Sea area, Northern South China Sea: Earth Science-J. China University of Geosciences (in Chinese), 36(5), 915–920.Google Scholar
  12. Lee, M. W., Hutchinson, D. R., Collet, T. S., and Dillon, W. P., 1996, Seismic velocities for hydrate-bearing sediments using a weighted equation: J. Geophys. Res, 101, 20347–20358.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Lee, M. W., 2002, Biot-Gassmann theory for velocities of gas hydrate-bearing sediments: Geophysics. 67(6), 1711–1719.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Lee, M. W., and Waite, W. F., 2008, Estimating pore-space gas hydrate saturations from well log acoustic data: Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems, 9(7).Google Scholar
  15. Lee, M. W., and Collett, T. S., 2012, Pore- and fracturefilling gas hydrate reservoirs in the Gulf of Mexico Gas Hydrate Joint Industry Project Leg II Green Canyon 955 H well: Marine and Petroleum Geology, 34, 62–71.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Lee, M. W., Collett, T. S., and Lewis, K. A., 2012, Anisotropic models to account for large borehole washouts to estimate gas hydrate saturations in the Gulf of Mexico Gas Hydrate Joint Industry Project Leg II Alaminos Canyon 21 B well: Marine and Petroleum Geology, 34, 85–95.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Lee, M. W., and Collett, T. S., 2013, Characteristics and interpretation of fracture-filled gas hydrate–An example from the Ulleung Basin, East Sea of Korea: Marine and Petroleum Geology, 47, 168–181.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Lee, M. W., and Collett, T. S., 2013, Scale-dependent gas hydrate saturation estimates in sand reservoirs in the Ulleung Basin, East Sea of Korea: Marine and Petroleum Geology, 47, 195–203.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Lei, X. M., Zhang, G. X., and Zeng, Y., 2009, Geological factors of the formation and distribution of natural gas hydrate in the north of Shenhu area, South China Sea: Marine Geology Letters (in Chinese), 25(5), 1–5.Google Scholar
  20. Li, C.H., Zhao, Q., Xu, H.J., Feng. K., and Liu, X.W., 2014, Relation between relative permeability and hydrate saturation in Shenhu area, South China Sea: Applied Geophysics, 11(2), 207–214.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Li, W., Yu, X. H., Zeng, X. M., Wang, J. Z., and Sang, X., 2013, Study of Neocene seismic and sedimentary faces in the hydrate survey area of Shenhu region on the north margin of South China Sea: Marine Geology Frontiers(in Chinese), 29(1), 17–26.Google Scholar
  22. Liang, J., Wang, M.J., Lu, J.A., Liang, J.Q., Wang, H.B., and Kuang, Z.G., 2013, Characteristics of sonic and seismic velocities of gas hydrate sediments in the Shenhu area, northern South China Sea: Natural Gas Industry (in Chinese), 33(7), 29–35.Google Scholar
  23. Liang, Y. X., Zeng, J. H., Guo, Y. Q., and Kuang, Z. G., 2013, Analysis of natural gas hydrate accumulation conditions of Shenhu prospect: Geoscience (in Chinese), 27(2), 425–434.Google Scholar
  24. Liu, C. L., 2011, Unconventional Oil and Gas resource: Science Press, China, 223.Google Scholar
  25. Lu, S. M., and McMechan, G. A., 2004, Elastic impedance inversion of multichannel seismic data from unconsolidated sediments containing gas hydrate and free gas: Geophysics, 69(1), 164–179.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Ma, Z. T., Gen, J. H., Dong, L. G., and Song, H. B., 2002, Study on seismic identification of marine gas hydrates: Marine Geology & Quaternary Geology (in Chinese), 22(1), 1–8.Google Scholar
  27. Pecher, I. A., 1996, Velocity structure of a bottom simulating reflector offshore Peru: Results from full waveform inversion: Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 139, 459–469.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Riedel, M., Bellefleur, G., Mair, S., Brent, T. A., and Dallimore, S. R., 2009, Acoustic impedance inversion and seismic reflection continuity analysis for delineating gas hydrate resources near the Mallik research sites, Mackenzie Delta, Northwest Territories, Canada: Geophysics, 74(5), B125–B137.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Riedel, M., and Shankar, M., 2012, Combining impedance inversion and seismic similarity for robust gas hydrate concentration assessments e A case study from the Krishna-Godavari basin, concentration assessments e A case study from the KrishnaeGodavari basin: Marine and Petroleum Geology, 36, 35–49.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Singh, S. C., Minshull, T. A., and Spence, G. D., 1993, Velocity structure of a gas hydrate reflector. Science: Geophysics, 260, 204–207.Google Scholar
  31. Song, H. B., Matsubayashi, O., and Kuramoto, S., 2003a, Full Waveform inversion of gas hydrate bottom simulating reflector: Chinese Journal of Geophysics (in Chinese), 46(1), 42–46.Google Scholar
  32. Song, H. B., Jiang, W. W., and Zhang, L., 2003b, Geophysical researches on marine gas hydrates (IV): double bottom simulating reflections: Progress in Geophysics (in Chinese), 18(3), 497–502.Google Scholar
  33. Sun, L. T., Chen, C. M., and Sun, Z., 2005, Physical simulation of tectonic evolution and hydrocarbon generation of Baiyu Sag in Pearl River Mouth Basin: Compilation papers of 2005 Annual Meeting of CSO, China, 354–362.Google Scholar
  34. Whitcombe, D. N., Connolly, P. A., and Reagan, R. L., 2000, Extended elastic impedance for fluid and lithology prediction: 70th SEG Annual Meeting, Expanded Abstracts, 138–141.Google Scholar
  35. Xia, G. Y., Sen, M. K., and Stoffa, P. L., 2000, Mapping of elastic properties of gas hydrates in the Carolina trough by waveform inversion: Geophysics, 65,735–744.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Yang, J. J., He, B. S., and Zhang, J. Z., 2014, Multicomponent seismic forward modeling of gas hydrates beneath the seafloor: Applied Geophysics, 11(4), 418–428.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Yu, X. H., and Zhang, Z. J., 2005, Characteristics of Neocene depositional systems on the northern continental slope of the South China Sea and their relationships with gas hydrate: Geology in China (in Chinese), 32(2), 470–476.Google Scholar
  38. Yuan, T., Nahar, K.S., and Roop, C., 1998, Marine gas hydrate: Seismic observations of bottom simulating reflectors off the west coast of Canada and the east of India: Geo-horizons, 3(1), 235–239.Google Scholar
  39. Zeng, X. M., Yu, X. H., Wang, J. Z., Kuang, Z. G., 2013, Controlling factors of natural gas hydrate in the north of Shenhu area, South China Sea: Marine Geology Frontiers(in Chinese), 29(10), 31–40.Google Scholar
  40. Zhang, H. T., Zhang, H. Q., and Zhu, Y. H., 2007, Research status and progress of gas hydrate in China: Geology in China (in Chinese), 34(6), 953–961.Google Scholar
  41. Zhang, R. W., Zhang, B. J., Huang, H. D., and Xu, H.N., 2011, AVA characteristics of gas hydrate bearing sediments: Oil Geophysical Prospecting (in Chinese), 46(4), 634–639.Google Scholar
  42. Zhao, Q., Deng, K. J., and Liu, X. W., 2011, A simulation study of formation permeability as a function of methane hydrate concentration: Applied Geophysics, 8(2), 101–109.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Zillmer, M., Flueh, E. R., and Petersen, J., 2005, Seismic investigation of a bottom simulating reflector and quantification of gas hydrate in the Black Sea: Geophys. J. Int., 161, 662–678.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Zillmer, M., 2006, A method for determining gas-hydrate or free-gas saturation of porous media from seismic measurements: Geophysics, 71(3), N21–N32.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Editorial Office of Applied Geophysics and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ru-Wei Zhang
    • 1
    • 2
  • Hong-Qi Li
    • 1
  • Bao-Jin Zhang
    • 2
  • Han-Dong Huang
    • 1
  • Peng-Fei Wen
    • 2
  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Petroleum Resource and ProspectingChina University of Petroleum (Beijing)BeijingChina
  2. 2.Key Laboratory of Marine Mineral Resources, Ministry of Land and ResourcesGuangzhou Marine Geological SurveyGuangzhouChina

Personalised recommendations