Chinese Geographical Science

, Volume 29, Issue 6, pp 1052–1064 | Cite as

Spatio-temporal Evolution of Marine Fishery Industry Ecosystem Vulnerability in the Bohai Rim Region

  • Bo LiEmail author
  • Xiaoming Jin


The building of the ocean power strategy and the implementation of the blue agriculture plan urgently need to strengthen the sustainable development of marine fishery. Taking vulnerability as the starting point, this paper constructs the vulnerability index system of marine fishery industry ecosystem from the aspects of sensitivity and response capacity, and combines the entropy method with the Topsis to comprehensively analyze the spatio-temporal evolution characteristics of vulnerability of marine fishery industry ecosystem in the Bohai Rim Region from 2001 to 2015. The results show that: 1) In the time dimension, from 2001 to 2015, the vulnerability of the marine fishery industry ecosystem in the Bohai Rim Region shows a fluctuant and degressive trend; 2) In the spatial dimension, the spatial distribution of the marine fishery industry ecosystem vulnerability in the Bohai Rim Region presents the gradient characteristics which shows high vulnerability in the east and low vulnerability in the west. According to the evolution track of the system’s vulnerability level, the vulnerability of the marine fishery industry ecosystem is divided into ‘declining’ and ‘stable’ types of evolutionary structures; 3) The development of marine fishery in the Bohai Rim Region needs to be derived from the marine fishery’s ecological environment and the industrial development mode and structure, which can improve the marine environment remediation efforts, optimize the marine fishery industry structure, vigorously focus on pelagic fishery, and enhance the introduction of marine fishery’s science and technology talents, etc. Then, the marine fishery’s development in the Bohai Rim Region will be moving in the green, circular and sustainable direction.


marine fishery marine industry ecosystem vulnerability spatio-temporal evolution Bohai Rim Region 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Allison E H, Perry A L, Badjeck M C et al., 2009. Vulnerability of national economies to the impacts of climate change on fisheries. Fish and Fisheries, 10(2): 173–196. doi: CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bohle H G, 2001. Vulnerability and Criticality: Perspectives from Social Geography. IHDP Update, (2): 3–5.Google Scholar
  3. Chambers R, 1989. Editorial introduction: vulnerability, coping and policy. IDS Bulletin, 20(2): 1–7. doi: CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Chang Sisi, Liu Suling, Zhang Yun et al., 2010. Energy evaluation of fishery ecosystem in Dalian. Marine Environmental Science, 29(1): 87–90. (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  5. Chen C, López-Carr D, Walker B L E, 2014. A framework to assess the vulnerability of California commercial sea urchin fishermen to the impact of MPAs under climate change. Geo Journal, 79(6): 755–773. doi: Google Scholar
  6. Chen Qi, Hu Qiuguang, 2018. The vulnerability evaluation and influencing factors of the socio-ecological system of China’s marine fisheries. Research of Agricultural Modernization, 39(3): 468–477. (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  7. Chu Xiaolin, 2010a. The precautionary principle and sustainable utilization of marine fishery resources in China. Resources Science, 32(2): 366–371. (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  8. Chu Xiaolin, 2010b. Ecosystem-based management of fishery resources in the east China sea. Resources Science, 32(4): 606–611. (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  9. Cinner J E, McClanahan T R, Graham N A J et al., 2012. Vulnerability of coastal communities to key impacts of climate change on coral reef fisheries. Global Environmental Change, 22(1): 12–20. doi: CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Das M K, Srivastava P K, Rej A et al., 2016. A framework for assessing vulnerability of Inland fisheries to impacts of Climate variability in India. Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change, 21(2): 279–296. doi: CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Ding Qi, 2017. Evaluation on Sustainable Utilization and Vulnerability of Global Marine Fishery Resources. Shanghai: Shanghai Ocean University. (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  12. Fisheries and Fisheries Administration Bureau of the Ministry of Agriculture, 2002–2016. China Fisheries Statistical Yearbook (2001-2015). Beijing: China Agriculture Press. (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  13. Gallopín G C, 2006. Linkages between vulnerability, resilience, and adaptive capacity. Global Environmental Change, 16(3): 293–303. doi: CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Geng Aisheng, Tong Chunfen, 2012. Research on fishermen transition under the framework of marine fishery transition. Journal of Anhui Agricultural Sciences, 40(10): 6199–6201, 6203. (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  15. GLP(Global Land Project), 2005. Global Land Project: Plan and ImplementationStrategy. Stockholm: Global Land Project.Google Scholar
  16. Himes-Cornell A, Maguire C, Kasperski S et al., 2016. Understanding vulnerability in Alaska fishing communities: a validation methodology for rapid assessment of indices related to well-being. Ocean & Coastal Management, 124. 53–65. doi: CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Hong Huikun, Liao Heping, Wei Chaofu et al., 2015. Health assessment of a land use system used in the ecologically sensitive area of the three gorges reservoir area, based on the improved TOPSIS method. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 35(24): 8016–8027. (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  18. Jin Jia, Wang Quan, 2016. Assessing ecological vulnerability in western China based on Time-Integrated NDVI data. Journal of Arid Land, 8(4): 533–545. doi: CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Johnson J E, Welch D J, 2016. Climate change implications for Torres Strait fisheries: assessing vulnerability to inform adaptation. Climatic Change, 135(3-4): 611–624. doi: CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Kasperson J X, Kasperson R E, 2001. International Workshop on Vulnerability and Global Environmental Change. Stockholm, Sweden: Stockholm Environment Institute (SEI).Google Scholar
  21. Kates R W, Clark W C, Corell R et al., 2001. Environment and development: sustainability science. Science, 292(5517): 641–642. doi: CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Li Bo, Su Fei, Yang Zhi et al., 2018. Vulnerability-based analysis of the spatial-temporal dynamic patterns of the human-sea territorial system of the Bohairim region, China. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 38(4): 1436–1445. (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  23. Li Bo, Jin Xiaoming, Yang Jun, 2019. Marine fisheries industry ecosystem vulnerability spatial—temporal dynamic patterns evaluation and influence factors in China. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 39(12). doi: (in Chinese)
  24. Li Bo, Shi Zhaoyuan, Tian Chuang, 2018. Spatio-temporal difference and influencing factors of environmental adaptability measurement of human-sea economic system in Liaoning coastal area, Chinese Geographical Science, 28(2): 313–324. doi: CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. McCarthy J J, Canziani O F, Leary N A et al., 2001. Climate change 2001: Impacts, Adaptation, and Vulnerability: Contribution of Working Group II to the Third Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  26. National Bureau of Statistics, 2002–2016. China Statistical Yearbook (2001-2015). Beijing: China Statistics Press.Google Scholar
  27. National Bureau of Statistics, 2002–2016. China Statistical Yearbook for Regional Economy (2001-2015). Beijing: China Statistics Press.Google Scholar
  28. Qin Xionghe, Sun Caizhi, Wang Zeyu, 2014. Marine economy sustainable development assessment of cities in the bohai sea ring area from the perspective of metabolic cycle. Resources Science, 36(12): 2647–2656. (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  29. State Oceanic Administration, 2002–2016. China Marine Statistical Yearbook (2001-2015). Beijing: China Ocean Press.Google Scholar
  30. Sun Kang, Zhou Xiaojing, Su Zixiao et al., 2016. Dynamic assessment and spatial differentiation of sustainable utilization of marine fishery resources in China. Scientia Geographica Sinica, 36(8): 1172–1179. (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  31. Tang Yi, Zou Weihong, Hu Zhenming, 2009. An analysis of utilization status and management of marine fisheries resources in China based on statistics data. Resources Science, 31(6): 1061–1068. (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  32. Timmerman P, 1981. Vulnerability, Resilience and the Collapse of Society: A Review of Models and Possible Climatic Applications. Toronto: University of Toronto.Google Scholar
  33. Tong Chunfen, Xia Fei, 2017. Problems and solutions in China’s marine fishery against the background of the supply-side reform. Journal of Ocean University of China (Social Sciences Edition), (5): 26–29. (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  34. Turner II B L, Kasperson R E, Matson P A et al., 2003. A framework for vulnerability analysis in sustainability science. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 100(14): 8074–8079. doi: CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Vogel C, 1998. Vulnerability and global environmental change. LUCC Newsletter, 3. 15–19.Google Scholar
  36. Wang Fuxi, Mao Aihua, Li Helong et al., 2013. Quality measurement and regional difference of urbanization in Shandong province based on the entropy method. Scientia Geographica Sinica, 33(11): 1323–1329. (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  37. Wang Guanyu, Guo Peifang, 2014. The adaptability of ecosystem-based fisheries management (EBFM) in China. Marine Environmental Science, 33(5): 792–797. (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  38. Wang Ning, Zhang Liquan, Yuan Lin et al., 2012. Research into vulnerability assessment for coastal zones in the context of climate change. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 32(7): 2248–2258. (in Chinese)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Wang Xiyuan, 2013. A Strategic Study on Development of Marine Ecology Fishery in Blue Economic Area of Shandong Peninsular. Qingdao: Ocean University of China. (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  40. Wang Zhen, Li Yiliang, Zhao Peng, 2015. A study on the countermeasures of sustainable development of Bohai marine fishery economy. Chinese Fisheries Economics, 33(1): 38–43. (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  41. Xu Guangcai, Kang Muyi, He Lina et al., 2009. Advances in research on ecological vulnerability. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 29(5): 2578–2588. (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  42. Xu Sisi, Song Jinming, Li Xuegang et al., 2011. Modeling of fishing effects on fishery resources and ecosystems of the Bohai sea. Resources Science, 33(6): 1153–1162. (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  43. Yang Lin, Su Xin, 2010. A Study on the object and implementing path of optimizing and upgrade in marine fishery structure on the view of industrial ecology. Issues in Agricultural Economy, 31(10): 99–105. (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  44. Yuan Haihong, Niu Fangqu, Gao Xiaolu, 2015. Establishment and application of an urban economic vulnerability evaluation system. Acta Geographica Sinica, 70(2): 271–282. (in Chinese)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Science Press, Northeast Institute of Geography and Agroecology, CAS and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Center for Studies of Marine Economy and Sustainable DevelopmentLiaoning Normal UniversityDalianChina

Personalised recommendations