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Three Types of Spatial Function Zoning in Key Ecological Function Areas Based on Ecological and Economic Coordinated Development: A Case Study of Tacheng Basin, China

  • Guiling Wang
  • Degang YangEmail author
  • Fuqiang Xia
  • Ruisen Zhong
  • Chuanhe Xiong
Article
  • 23 Downloads

Abstract

Three types of spatial function zoning is an effective measure for regional environmental protection and orderly development. For ecological and economic coordinated development, spatial function zones should be divided scientifically to clear its direction of development and protection. Therefore, based on ecological constraints, a beneficial discussion would be about the key ecological function areas adopting the concept of ecological protection restriction and supporting socioeconomic development for spatial function zoning. In this paper, the researchers, taking Tacheng Basin, Xinjiang of China as an example, choose township as basic research unit and set up an evaluation index system from three aspects, namely, ecological protection suitability, agricultural production suitability, and urban development suitability, which are analyzed by using spatial analysis functions and exclusive matrix method. The results showed that: 1) This paper formed a set of multilevel evaluation index systems for three types of spatial function zoning of the key ecological function areas based on a novel perspective by scientifically dividing Tacheng Basin into ecological space, agricultural space, and urban space, which realized the integration and scientific orientation for spatial function at the township scale. 2) Under the guidance of three types of spatial pattern, the functional orientation and suggestions of development and protection was clearly defined for ecological protection zones, ecological economic zones, agricultural production zones, and urban development zones. 3) A new idea of space governance is provided to promote the coordinated and sustainable development between ecology and economy, which can break the traditional mode of thinking about regional economic development, and offers a scientific basis and reference for macro decision-making.

Keywords

key ecological function areas township scale spatial function zoning mutual exclusion matrix method coordination of ecology and development Tacheng Basin China 

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Copyright information

© Science Press and Northeast Institute of Geography and Agricultural Ecology, CAS and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Guiling Wang
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Degang Yang
    • 2
    Email author
  • Fuqiang Xia
    • 2
  • Ruisen Zhong
    • 2
  • Chuanhe Xiong
    • 4
  1. 1.Nantong University, College of Geographic ScienceNantongChina
  2. 2.Xinjiang Institute of Ecology and GeographyChinese Academy of SciencesÜrümqiChina
  3. 3.University of Chinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina
  4. 4.Key Laboratory of Watershed Geographic Sciences, Nanjing Institute of Geography & LimnologyChinese Academy of SciencesNanjingChina

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