Chinese Geographical Science

, Volume 28, Issue 4, pp 636–653 | Cite as

Hydrological Processes in the Huaihe River Basin, China: Seasonal Variations, Causes and Implications

  • Peng Sun
  • Yuyan Sun
  • Qiang ZhangEmail author
  • Rui Yao


Understanding streamflow changes in terms of trends and periodicities and relevant causes is the first step into scientific management of water resources in a changing environment. In this study, monthly streamflow variations were analyzed using Modified Mann-Kendall (MM-K) trend test and Continuous Wavelet Transform (CWT) methods at 9 hydrological stations in the Huaihe River Basin. It was found that: 1) streamflow mainly occurs during May to September, accounting for 70.4% of the annual total streamflowamount with Cv values between 0.16–0.85 and extremum ratio values between 1.70–23.90; 2) decreased streamflow can be observed in the Huaihe River Basin and significant decreased streamflow can be detected during April and May, which should be the results of precipitation change and increased irrigation demand; 3) significant periods of 2–4 yr were detected during the 1960s, the 1980s and the 2000s. Different periods were found at stations concentrated within certain regions implying periods of streamflow were caused by different influencing factors for specific regions; 4) Pacific Decadal Oscillation (PDO) has the most significant impacts on monthly streamflow mainly during June. Besides, Southern Oscillation Index (SOI), North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO) and the Niño3.4 Sea Surface Temperature (Niño3.4) have impacts on monthly streamflow with three months lags, and was less significant in time lag of six months. Identification of critical climatic factors having impacts on streamflow changes can help to predict monthly streamflow changes using climatic factors as explanatory variables. These findings were well corroborated by results concerning impacts of El Nino-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) regimes on precipitation events across the Huaihe River Basin. The results of this study can provide theoretical background for basin-scale management of water resources and agricultural irrigation.


streamflow trend periodicity abrupt behavior climate indices Huaihe River Basin, China 


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Copyright information

© Science Press, Northeast Institute of Geography and Agricultural Ecology, CAS and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Peng Sun
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Yuyan Sun
    • 1
    • 4
  • Qiang Zhang
    • 4
    • 5
    • 6
    Email author
  • Rui Yao
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.College of Geography and TourismAnhui Normal UniversityWuhuChina
  2. 2.Anhui Key Laboratory of Natural Disaster Process and PreventionWuhuChina
  3. 3.Key Laboratory of Water Conservancy and Water Resources of Anhui ProvinceWater Resources Research Institute of Anhui Province and Huaihe River ChinaBengbuChina
  4. 4.Key Laboratory of Environmental Change and Natural Disaster, Ministry of EducationBeijing Normal UniversityBeijingChina
  5. 5.State Key Laboratory of Earth Surface Processes and Resource EcologyBeijing Normal UniversityBeijingChina
  6. 6.Academy of Disaster Reduction and Emergency Management, Faculty of Geographical ScienceBeijing Normal UniversityBeijingChina

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