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Impact of treatment summaries for cancer survivors: a systematic review

Abstract

Purpose

As a treatment summary (TS) documents information for follow-up care, it is believed to be an important communication tool for the patient, their GP, and other health professionals. The aim of this systematic review (SR) was to evaluate the impact of receiving a TS for cancer survivors when compared to receiving standard care and to identify knowledge gaps to inform future research.

Methods

A systematic search of electronic databases and grey literature was undertaken from August 2018 to October 2018. Studies were included if participants (cancer survivors) were over 18 years of age and had received a TS, and if outcomes for TS could be separated from other survivorship interventions. The McMaster Critical Appraisal Tool was used to evaluate the methodological quality of the included studies. A narrative synthesis of the study outcomes was then conducted.

Results

Seven studies (one prospective cohort and six cross-sectional studies) met the inclusion criteria. The impact of TS was assessed using widely varied outcomes in these studies. Overall, receipt of a TS was related to greater patient understanding and perception of the quality of care provided. However, caution is required when interpreting these results due to methodological limitations.

Conclusions

This systematic review found that TS may have a positive impact on patient understandings about and perceptions of cancer care. However, more robust research including perspectives of cancer survivors is required.

Implications for Cancer Survivors

TS could play an important role for cancer survivors especially in terms of knowledge of cancer care.

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Fig. 1

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Acknowledgments

Thank you to the University of South Australia library staff for the assistance in database searching.

Author information

Conceptualization: Nadia Corsini and Saravana Kumar; Literature search, title and abstract screening and initial draft preparation: Elminur Mahpirof, Amy McLaughlin, Susan Mcleod, Paul McNamara, Mary Metaxas, Sophia Minos and Saravana Kumar; Full-text screening, data extraction and analysis, and review and editing of the manuscript: Nadia Corsini, Kim Neylon, Esther Jie Tian and Rebecca Sharp; Supervision: Saravana Kumar. All authors read and approved the final manuscript.

Correspondence to Saravana Kumar.

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Corsini, N., Neylon, K., Tian, E.J. et al. Impact of treatment summaries for cancer survivors: a systematic review. J Cancer Surviv (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11764-020-00859-x

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Keywords

  • Treatment summary
  • Cancer survivors
  • Systematic review
  • Survivorship
  • Supportive care
  • Communication tool