Signal, Image and Video Processing

, Volume 12, Issue 1, pp 25–31 | Cite as

Blind multi-image super-resolution based on combination of ANN learning and non-subsampled Contourlet directional image representation

  • Zhiyong Shi
  • Fengchun TianEmail author
  • Yande Wang
  • Jian Ran
Original Paper


In image super-resolution technique, it is contradictory to keep the edge characteristics of the image while de-noising. In order to solve the above problem, we propose a blind multi-image super-resolution algorithm which is adaptive to the image content and does not need the fuzzy conditions of generating the low-resolution images. The initially estimated high-resolution image \(\left( \hat{H}\right) \) is firstly gotten through the traditional reconstruction algorithm. Afterward, the estimation differences of low-resolution images are utilized as the input of artificial neural network (ANN), and the band-pass directional sub-bands of non-subsampled Contourlet transform (NSCT) of the lost high-frequency components are outputted in ANN. With the inverse NSCT, we can get the estimated lost high-frequency components. Finally, the estimated lost high-frequency components and the adaptive weighted matrix generated from the image content are multiplied before being added to \(\hat{H}\). Experimental results show that the high-resolution images obtained through the proposed method can achieve favorable subjective and objective quality for different image contents. Meantime, it is superior to some of the state-of-the-art classical methods in terms of the performance.


Multi-image super-resolution Blink image reconstruction Directional image representation Contourlet transform Artificial neural network 



This work was jointly supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 61201347), Chongqing Foundation and Advanced Research Project (No. cstc2016jcyjA0103), the Natural Science Foundation Project of CQ CSTC (No. cstc2012jjA40011), and the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (No. CDJZR13185502). The support is gratefully acknowledged.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Zhiyong Shi
    • 1
    • 2
  • Fengchun Tian
    • 1
    Email author
  • Yande Wang
    • 2
  • Jian Ran
    • 1
  1. 1.College of Communication EngineeringChongqing UniversityChongqingChina
  2. 2.Chongqing Communication InstituteChongqingChina

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