Signal, Image and Video Processing

, Volume 8, Issue 5, pp 843–857 | Cite as

Hybrid watermarking based on chaos and histogram modification

  • E. ChrysochosEmail author
  • V. Fotopoulos
  • M. Xenos
  • A. N. Skodras
Original Paper


A hybrid watermarking scheme for authentication is presented, which demonstrates robustness against various attacks. Due to the different nature of filtering and geometrical attacks, two different watermarks are used in this scheme. The first one is embedded in frequency domain combined with a chaotic function and is based on the correlation method. The second watermark is embedded in luminosity histogram of the image. In this way, this hybrid watermarking scheme combines the robustness of chaotic domain against filtering, noise and compression attacks with the robustness of histogram domain against geometrical attacks.


Chaos Chaotic maps DCT Robust watermarking Histogram modification Geometrical attacks Dual watermarking Authentication 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Limited 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • E. Chrysochos
    • 1
    Email author
  • V. Fotopoulos
    • 1
  • M. Xenos
    • 2
  • A. N. Skodras
    • 1
  1. 1.Digital Systems and Media Computing LaboratorySchool of Science and Technology, Hellenic Open UniversityPatrasGreece
  2. 2.Software Quality Research GroupSchool of Science and Technology, Hellenic Open UniversityPatrasGreece

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